Dictionary<TKey, TValue>.TryGetValue Method

Gets the value associated with the specified key.

Namespace:  System.Collections.Generic
Assemblies:   mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
  System.Collections (in System.Collections.dll)

public bool TryGetValue(
	TKey key,
	out TValue value
)

Parameters

key
Type: TKey

The key of the value to get.

value
Type: TValue

When this method returns, contains the value associated with the specified key, if the key is found; otherwise, the default value for the type of the value parameter. This parameter is passed uninitialized.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> contains an element with the specified key; otherwise, false.

Implements

IDictionary<TKey, TValue>.TryGetValue(TKey, TValue)
IReadOnlyDictionary<TKey, TValue>.TryGetValue(TKey, TValue)

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

key is null.

This method combines the functionality of the ContainsKey method and the Item property.

If the key is not found, then the value parameter gets the appropriate default value for the type TValue; for example, 0 (zero) for integer types, false for Boolean types, and null for reference types.

Use the TryGetValue method if your code frequently attempts to access keys that are not in the dictionary. Using this method is more efficient than catching the KeyNotFoundException thrown by the Item property.

This method approaches an O(1) operation.

The example shows how to use the TryGetValue method as a more efficient way to retrieve values in a program that frequently tries keys that are not in the dictionary. For contrast, the example also shows how the Item property (the indexer in C#) throws exceptions when attempting to retrieve nonexistent keys.

This code example is part of a larger example provided for the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class (openWith is the name of the Dictionary used in this example).

// When a program often has to try keys that turn out not to 
// be in the dictionary, TryGetValue can be a more efficient  
// way to retrieve values. 
string value = "";
if (openWith.TryGetValue("tif", out value))
{
    Console.WriteLine("For key = \"tif\", value = {0}.", value);
}
else
{
    Console.WriteLine("Key = \"tif\" is not found.");
}


...


// The indexer throws an exception if the requested key is 
// not in the dictionary. 
try
{
    Console.WriteLine("For key = \"tif\", value = {0}.", 
        openWith["tif"]);
}
catch (KeyNotFoundException)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Key = \"tif\" is not found.");
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library
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