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# ?: Operator (C# Reference)

Visual Studio 2005

The conditional operator (?:) returns one of two values depending on the value of a Boolean expression. The conditional operator is of the form

```condition ? first_expression : second_expression;
```

## Remarks

If condition is true, first expression is evaluated and becomes the result; if false, the second expression is evaluated and becomes the result. Only one of two expressions is ever evaluated.

Calculations that might otherwise require an if-else construction can be expressed more concisely and elegantly with the conditional operator. For example, to avoid a division by zero in the calculation of the sin function you could write either

```if(x != 0.0) s = Math.Sin(x)/x; else s = 1.0;
```

or, using the conditional operator,

```s = x != 0.0 ? Math.Sin(x)/x : 1.0;
```

The conditional operator is right-associative, so an expression of the form

```a ? b : c ? d : e
```

is evaluated as

```a ? b : (c ? d : e)
```

not

```(a ? b : c) ? d : e
```

The conditional operator cannot be overloaded.

## Example

```// cs_operator_conditional.cs
using System;
class MainClass
{
static double sinc(double x)
{
return x != 0.0 ? Math.Sin(x)/x : 1.0;
}

static void Main()
{
Console.WriteLine(sinc(0.2));
Console.WriteLine(sinc(0.1));
Console.WriteLine(sinc(0.0));
}
}
```

## Output

```0.993346653975306
0.998334166468282
1```

#### Reference

C# Operators
if-else (C# Reference)

#### Concepts

C# Programming Guide

C# Reference

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