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Important This document may not represent best practices for current development, links to downloads and other resources may no longer be valid. Current recommended version can be found here.

The #undef Directive

Removes (undefines) a name previously created with #define.

#undef identifier

The #undef directive removes the current definition of identifier. Consequently, subsequent occurrences of identifier are ignored by the preprocessor. To remove a macro definition using #undef, give only the macro identifier ; do not give a parameter list.

You can also apply the #undef directive to an identifier that has no previous definition. This ensures that the identifier is undefined. Macro replacement is not performed within #undef statements.

The #undef directive is typically paired with a #define directive to create a region in a source program in which an identifier has a special meaning. For example, a specific function of the source program can use manifest constants to define environment-specific values that do not affect the rest of the program. The #undef directive also works with the #if directive to control conditional compilation of the source program. See The #if, #elif, #else, and #endif Directives for more information.

In the following example, the #undef directive removes definitions of a symbolic constant and a macro. Note that only the identifier of the macro is given.

#define WIDTH 80
#define ADD( X, Y ) ((X) + (Y))
#undef WIDTH
#undef ADD

Microsoft Specific

Macros can be undefined from the command line using the /U option, followed by the macro names to be undefined. The effect of issuing this command is equivalent to a sequence of #undef macro-name statements at the beginning of the file.

END Microsoft Specific

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