ReaderWriterLock.UpgradeToWriterLock Method (Int32)

 

Upgrades a reader lock to the writer lock, using an Int32 value for the time-out.

Namespace:   System.Threading
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public LockCookie UpgradeToWriterLock(
	int millisecondsTimeout
)

Parameters

millisecondsTimeout
Type: System.Int32

The time-out in milliseconds.

Return Value

Type: System.Threading.LockCookie

A LockCookie value.

Exception Condition
ApplicationException

millisecondsTimeout expires before the lock request is granted.

When a thread calls UpgradeToWriterLock the reader lock is released, regardless of the lock count, and the thread goes to the end of the queue for the writer lock. Thus, other threads might write to the resource before the thread that requested the upgrade is granted the writer lock.

System_CAPS_importantImportant

The time-out exception is not thrown until the thread that called the UpgradeToWriterLock method can reacquire the reader lock. If there are no other threads waiting for the writer lock, this happens immediately. However, if another thread is queued for the writer lock, the thread that called the UpgradeToWriterLock method cannot reacquire the reader lock until all current readers have released their locks, and one thread has acquired and released the writer lock. This is true even if the other thread that requested the writer lock requested it after the current thread called the UpgradeToWriterLock method.

To restore the lock state, call DowngradeFromWriterLock using the LockCookie returned by UpgradeToWriterLock. Do not use this LockCookie with RestoreLock.

When a thread has no reader lock, do not use UpgradeToWriterLock. Use AcquireWriterLock instead.

For valid time-out values, see ReaderWriterLock.

The following code example shows how to request a reader lock, upgrade the reader lock to a writer lock, and downgrade to a reader lock again.

This code is part of a larger example provided for the ReaderWriterLock class.

// The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock class topic.
using System;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   static ReaderWriterLock rwl = new ReaderWriterLock();
   // Define the shared resource protected by the ReaderWriterLock.
   static int resource = 0;
// Requests a reader lock, upgrades the reader lock to the writer
// lock, and downgrades it to a reader lock again.
static void UpgradeDowngrade(int timeOut)
{
   try {
      rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut);
      try {
         // It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource.
         Display("reads resource value " + resource);
         Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);

         // To write to the resource, either release the reader lock and
         // request the writer lock, or upgrade the reader lock. Upgrading
         // the reader lock puts the thread in the write queue, behind any
         // other threads that might be waiting for the writer lock.
         try {
            LockCookie lc = rwl.UpgradeToWriterLock(timeOut);
            try {
               // It's safe for this thread to read or write from the shared resource.
               resource = rnd.Next(500);
               Display("writes resource value " + resource);
               Interlocked.Increment(ref writes);
            }
            finally {
               // Ensure that the lock is released.
               rwl.DowngradeFromWriterLock(ref lc);
            }
         }
         catch (ApplicationException) {
            // The upgrade request timed out.
            Interlocked.Increment(ref writerTimeouts);
         }

         // If the lock was downgraded, it's still safe to read from the resource.
         Display("reads resource value " + resource);
         Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);
      }
      finally {
         // Ensure that the lock is released.
         rwl.ReleaseReaderLock();
      }
   }
   catch (ApplicationException) {
      // The reader lock request timed out.
      Interlocked.Increment(ref readerTimeouts);
   }
}

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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