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How to: Loop a Sound Playing on a Windows Form

The following code example plays a sound repeatedly. When the code in the stopPlayingButton_Click event handler runs, any sound currently playing stops. If no sound is playing, nothing happens.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Media;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace SoundPlayerPlayLoopingExample
{
    public class Form1 : Form
    {
        private SoundPlayer Player = new SoundPlayer();

        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void playLoopingButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                // Note: You may need to change the location specified based on 
                // the sounds loaded on your computer. 
                this.Player.SoundLocation = @"C:\Windows\Media\chimes.wav";
                this.Player.PlayLooping();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.Message, "Error playing sound");
            }
        }

        private void stopPlayingButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            this.Player.Stop();
        }

        /// <summary> 
        /// Required designer variable. 
        /// </summary> 
        private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;

        /// <summary> 
        /// Clean up any resources being used. 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <param name="disposing">true if managed resources should be disposed; otherwise, false.</param>
        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            if (disposing && (components != null))
            {
                components.Dispose();
            }
            base.Dispose(disposing);
        }

        #region Windows Form Designer generated code

        /// <summary> 
        /// Required method for Designer support - do not modify 
        /// the contents of this method with the code editor. 
        /// </summary> 
        private void InitializeComponent()
        {
            this.playLoopingButton = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
            this.stopPlayingButton = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
            this.SuspendLayout();
            //  
            // playLoopingButton 
            //  
            this.playLoopingButton.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(12, 12);
            this.playLoopingButton.Name = "playLoopingButton";
            this.playLoopingButton.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(87, 23);
            this.playLoopingButton.TabIndex = 0;
            this.playLoopingButton.Text = "Play Looping";
            this.playLoopingButton.UseVisualStyleBackColor = true;
            this.playLoopingButton.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.playLoopingButton_Click);
            //  
            // stopPlayingButton 
            //  
            this.stopPlayingButton.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(105, 12);
            this.stopPlayingButton.Name = "stopPlayingButton";
            this.stopPlayingButton.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(75, 23);
            this.stopPlayingButton.TabIndex = 1;
            this.stopPlayingButton.Text = "Stop";
            this.stopPlayingButton.UseVisualStyleBackColor = true;
            this.stopPlayingButton.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.stopPlayingButton_Click);
            //  
            // Form1 
            //  
            this.AutoScaleDimensions = new System.Drawing.SizeF(6F, 13F);
            this.AutoScaleMode = System.Windows.Forms.AutoScaleMode.Font;
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(195, 51);
            this.Controls.Add(this.stopPlayingButton);
            this.Controls.Add(this.playLoopingButton);
            this.Name = "Form1";
            this.Text = "Form1";
            this.ResumeLayout(false);

        }

        #endregion

        private System.Windows.Forms.Button playLoopingButton;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button stopPlayingButton;
    }

    static class Program
    {
        /// <summary> 
        /// The main entry point for the application. 
        /// </summary>
        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            Application.EnableVisualStyles();
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }
    }
}

This example requires:

  • References to the System and System.Windows.Forms assemblies.

  • That you replace the file name "c:\Windows\Media\chimes.wav" with a valid file name.

For information about building this example from the command line for Visual Basic or Visual C#, see Building from the Command Line (Visual Basic) or Command-line Building With csc.exe. You can also build this example in Visual Studio by pasting the code into a new project. Also see How to: Compile and Run a Complete Windows Forms Code Example Using Visual Studio.

File operations should be enclosed within appropriate exception-handling blocks.

The following conditions may cause an exception:

Do not make decisions about the contents of the file based on the name of the file. For example, the file Form1.vb may not be a Visual Basic source file. Verify all inputs before using the data in your application.

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