XmlWriter.WriteString Method

When overridden in a derived class, writes the given text content.

Namespace:  System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public abstract void WriteString(
	string text
)

Parameters

text
Type: System.String
The text to write.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

The text string contains an invalid surrogate pair.

WriteString does the following:

  • The characters &, <, and > are replaced with &amp;, &lt;, and &gt;, respectively.

  • The default behavior of an XmlWriter created using Create is to throw an ArgumentException when attempting to write character values in the range 0x-0x1F (excluding white space characters 0x9, 0xA, and 0xD). These invalid XML characters can be written by creating the XmlWriter with the CheckCharacters property set to false. Doing so will result in the characters being replaced with numeric character entities (&#0; through &#0x1F). Note   Microsoft does not encourage the practice of writing invalid XML characters since many applications that consume XML are not designed to handle invalid characters.

  • If WriteString is called in the context of an attribute value, double and single quotes are replaced with &quot; and &apos; respectively.

For example, this input string test<item>test is written out as

 test&lt;item&gt;test

If text is either null or String.Empty, this method writes a text node with no data content.

The following example navigates through the stream to determine the current node type, and then uses XmlWriter to output the XmlReader content.


StringBuilder output = new StringBuilder();

String xmlString =
        @"<?xml version='1.0'?>
        <!-- This is a sample XML document -->
        <Items>
          <Item>test with a child element <more/> stuff</Item>
        </Items>";
// Create an XmlReader
using (XmlReader reader = XmlReader.Create(new StringReader(xmlString)))
{
    XmlWriterSettings ws = new XmlWriterSettings();
    ws.Indent = true;
    using (XmlWriter writer = XmlWriter.Create(output, ws))
    {

        // Parse the file and display each of the nodes.
        while (reader.Read())
        {
            switch (reader.NodeType)
            {
                case XmlNodeType.Element:
                    writer.WriteStartElement(reader.Name);
                    break;
                case XmlNodeType.Text:
                    writer.WriteString(reader.Value);
                    break;
                case XmlNodeType.XmlDeclaration:
                case XmlNodeType.ProcessingInstruction:
                    writer.WriteProcessingInstruction(reader.Name, reader.Value);
                    break;
                case XmlNodeType.Comment:
                    writer.WriteComment(reader.Value);
                    break;
                case XmlNodeType.EndElement:
                    writer.WriteFullEndElement();
                    break;
            }
        }

    }
}
OutputTextBlock.Text = output.ToString();


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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