XmlNamespaceManager.LookupPrefix Method (String)


The .NET API Reference documentation has a new home. Visit the .NET API Browser on docs.microsoft.com to see the new experience.

Finds the prefix declared for the given namespace URI.

Namespace:   System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public virtual string LookupPrefix(
	string uri


Type: System.String

The namespace to resolve for the prefix.

Return Value

Type: System.String

The matching prefix. If there is no mapped prefix, the method returns String.Empty. If a null value is supplied, then null is returned.

This method finds the mapped prefix by walking the stack (that is, it looks globally). The supplied string must be atomized for the lookup to succeed. In other words, the supplied string object must exist in the namespace manager's name table (NameTable).

The returned string is also atomized. For more information on atomized strings, see the XmlNameTable class.

The following example shows how to use the LookupPrefix method when writing an attribute. It uses the XmlWriter.WriteStartAttribute method to start the attribute, looks up the prefix for the urn:samples namespace URI, and then uses that prefix in the XmlWriter.WriteStartAttribute when writing the ISBN attribute:

XmlNameTable nt = new XmlNameTable();
XmlNamespaceManager nsMgr = new XmlNamespaceManager(nt);
nsMgr.AddNamespace("bk","urn:samples");string prefix = writer nsMgr.LookupPrefix("urn:samples");
writer.WriteStartAttribute(prefix, "ISBN", "urn:samples");

The following example uses LookupPrefix to find the prefix defined on an element.

writer.WriteStartElement("root", "book")
writer.WriteStartElement("x", "node", "author")
s = writer.LookupPrefix("author")
CError.Compare(s, "x", "Error in nested element")
s = writer.LookupPrefix("book")
CError.Compare(s, Nothing, "Error in root element")


<root xmlns="book">
  <x:node xmlns:x="author" /> 

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
Return to top