XmlNamespaceManager.AddNamespace Method (String, String)


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Adds the given namespace to the collection.

Namespace:   System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public virtual void AddNamespace(
	string prefix,
	string uri


Type: System.String

The prefix to associate with the namespace being added. Use String.Empty to add a default namespace.

NoteIf the XmlNamespaceManager will be used for resolving namespaces in an XML Path Language (XPath) expression, a prefix must be specified. If an XPath expression does not include a prefix, it is assumed that the namespace Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) is the empty namespace. For more information about XPath expressions and the XmlNamespaceManager, refer to the XmlNode.SelectNodes and XPathExpression.SetContext methods.

Type: System.String

The namespace to add.

Exception Condition

The value for prefix is "xml" or "xmlns".


The value for prefix or uri is null.

XmlNamespaceManager does not check prefix and uri for conformance.

XmlReader checks names, including prefixes and namespaces, to ensure they are valid XML names according to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Namespaces specification. XmlNamespaceManager is used internally by XmlReader, so to avoid a duplication of efforts, XmlNamespaceManager assumes all prefixes and namespaces are valid.

If the prefix and namespace already exist within the current scope, the new prefix and namespace pair will replace the existing prefix/namespace combination. The same prefix and namespace combination can exist across different scopes.

The following prefix/namespace pairs are added by default to the XmlNamespaceManager. They can be determined at any scope.




http://www.w3.org/2000/xmlns/ (the xmlns prefix namespace)


http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace (the XML namespace)


String.Empty (the empty namespace). This value can be reassigned a different prefix. For example, xmlns="" defines the default namespace to be the empty namespace

The following example uses XmlNamespaceManager to resolve namespaces in an XML fragment.

using System;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample

    public static void Main()

        XmlTextReader reader = null;


            // Create the string containing the XML to read.
            String xmlFrag = "<book>" +
                           "<title>Pride And Prejudice</title>" +
                           "<author>" +
                           "<first-name>Jane</first-name>" +
                           "<last-name>Austen</last-name>" +
                           "</author>" +
                           "<curr:price>19.95</curr:price>" +
                           "<misc>&h;</misc>" +

            // Create an XmlNamespaceManager to resolve namespaces.
            NameTable nt = new NameTable();
            XmlNamespaceManager nsmgr = new XmlNamespaceManager(nt);
            nsmgr.AddNamespace(String.Empty, "urn:samples"); //default namespace
            nsmgr.AddNamespace("curr", "urn:samples:dollar");

            // Create an XmlParserContext.  The XmlParserContext contains all the information
            // required to parse the XML fragment, including the entity information and the
            // XmlNamespaceManager to use for namespace resolution.
            XmlParserContext context;
            String subset = "<!ENTITY h 'hardcover'>";
            context = new XmlParserContext(nt, nsmgr, "book", null, null, subset, null, null, XmlSpace.None);

            // Create the reader.
            reader = new XmlTextReader(xmlFrag, XmlNodeType.Element, context);

            // Parse the file and display the node values.
            while (reader.Read())
                if (reader.HasValue)
                    Console.WriteLine("{0} [{1}] = {2}", reader.NodeType, reader.Name, reader.Value);
                    Console.WriteLine("{0} [{1}]", reader.NodeType, reader.Name);
            if (reader != null)
} // End class

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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