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XmlTextAttribute.DataType Property

Gets or sets the XML Schema definition language (XSD) data type of the text generated by the XmlSerializer.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public string DataType { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.String
An XML Schema (XSD) data type, as defined by the World Wide Web Consortium (www.w3.org) document "XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes".

ExceptionCondition
Exception

The XML Schema data type you have specified cannot be mapped to the .NET data type.

InvalidOperationException

The XML Schema data type you have specified is invalid for the property and cannot be converted to the member type.

Setting the DataType property to an XML Schema simple data type affects the format of the generated XML. For example, setting the property to "date" causes the generated text to be formatted in the general date style, for example: 2001-08-31. By contrast, setting the property to "dateTime" results in a specific instant as defined by the International Organization for Standardization document 8601, "Representations of Dates and Times", for example: 2001-08-15T06:59:11.0508456-07:00.

The effect of setting the DataType property can also be seen when using the XML Schema Definition Tool (Xsd.exe) to generate the XML Schema for a compiled file. For more information on using the tool, see The XML Schema Definition Tool and XML Serialization.

The following table lists the XML Schema simple data types with their .NET equivalents.

For the XML Schema base64Binary and hexBinary data types, use an array of Byte structures, and apply a XmlTextAttribute with the DataType set to "base64Binary" or "hexBinary", as appropriate. For the XML Schema time and date data types, use the DateTime type and apply the XmlTextAttribute with the DataType set to "date" or "time".

For every XML Schema data type that is mapped to a string, apply the XmlTextAttribute with its DataType property set to the XML Schema data type. Note that this does not change the serialization format, only the schema for the member.

NoteNote

The property is case-sensitive, so you must set it exactly to one of the XML Schema data types.

NoteNote

Passing binary data as an XML element is more efficient than passing it as an XML attribute.

For more information about XML Schema data types, see the World Wide Web Consortium (www.w3.org) document named "XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes".

XSD data type

.NET data type

anyURI

String

base64Binary

Array of Byte objects

boolean

Boolean

byte

SByte

date

DateTime

dateTime

DateTime

decimal

Decimal

double

Double

ENTITY

String

ENTITIES

String

float

Single

gDay

String

gMonth

String

gMonthDay

String

gYear

String

gYearMonth

String

hexBinary

Array of Byte objects

ID

String

IDREF

String

IDREFS

String

int

Int32

integer

String

language

String

long

Int64

Name

String

NCName

String

negativeInteger

String

NMTOKEN

String

NMTOKENS

String

normalizedString

String

nonNegativeInteger

String

nonPositiveInteger

String

NOTATION

String

positiveInteger

String

QName

XmlQualifiedName

duration

String

string

String

short

Int16

time

DateTime

token

String

unsignedByte

Byte

unsignedInt

UInt32

unsignedLong

UInt64

unsignedShort

UInt16


using System;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.IO;


public class Group1{
   // The XmlTextAttribute with type set to string informs the 
   // XmlSerializer that strings should be serialized as XML text.
   [XmlText(typeof(string))]
   [XmlElement(typeof(int))]  
   [XmlElement(typeof(double))]
   public object [] All= new object []{321, "One", 2, 3.0, "Two" };
}

public class Group2{
   [XmlText(Type = typeof(GroupType))]
   public GroupType Type;
}
public enum GroupType{
   Small,
   Medium,
   Large
}

public class Group3{
   [XmlText(Type=typeof(DateTime))]
   public DateTime CreationTime = DateTime.Now;
}

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      t.SerializeArray("XmlText1.xml");
      t.SerializeEnum("XmlText2.xml");
      t.SerializeDateTime("XmlText3.xml");
   }

   private void SerializeArray(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group1));
      Group1 myGroup1 = new Group1();

      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup1);
      writer.Close();
   }

   private void SerializeEnum(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group2));
      Group2 myGroup = new Group2();
      myGroup.Type = GroupType.Medium;
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.Close();
   }

   private void SerializeDateTime(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group3));
      Group3 myGroup = new Group3();
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.Close();
   }   
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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