XmlAnyElements Property

XmlAttributes::XmlAnyElements Property

Gets the collection of XmlAnyElementAttribute objects to override.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public:
property XmlAnyElementAttributes^ XmlAnyElements {
	XmlAnyElementAttributes^ get ();
}

Property Value

Type: System.Xml.Serialization::XmlAnyElementAttributes
An XmlAnyElementAttributes object that represents the collection of XmlAnyElementAttribute objects.

The XmlAnyElementAttribute can be applied to a member that returns an array of XmlElement objects on deserialization. This allows the XmlSerializer to deserialize any elements that do not have a corresponding member in the object being deserialized--thus those elements are "unknown" to the XmlSerializer. This is useful when the XML stream has been altered by an XML Web service, or when it is known that random data is always included with the XML stream.

The XmlAnyElements property allows you to override the serialization of a member to function as a member to which the XmlAnyElementAttribute has been applied.

The following example creates a new XmlAnyElementAttribute object and adds it to the collection of objects accessed through the XmlAnyElements property. The XmlAttributes object is then added to a XmlAttributeOverrides object which is used to create an XmlSerializer object. The XmlSerializer is used to serialize or deserialize an object. To see the effect of using the XmlAnyElementAttributes property, create an XML document named "UnknownElements.xml" by running the SerializeObject method in the Main method. Edit the resulting document to include other (unknown) elements. Comment out the SerializeObject call in the Main method, and uncomment the call to the DeserializeObject method, which prints out the name and value of any unknown XML element.


#using <System.dll>
#using <System.xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml;
public ref class Group
{
public:
   String^ GroupName;

   [XmlAnyElement]
   array<Object^>^Things;
};

void SerializeObject( String^ filename );
void DeserializeObject( String^ filename );
XmlSerializer^ CreateOverrideSerializer();
int main()
{
   // 1 Run this and create the XML document.
   // 2 Add new elements to the XML document.
   // 3 Comment out the next line, and uncomment
   // the DeserializeObject line to deserialize the
   // XML document and see unknown elements.
   SerializeObject( "UnknownElements.xml" );

   // DeserializeObject(S"UnknownElements.xml");
}

void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid );
   TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
   Group^ g = gcnew Group;
   g->GroupName = "MyGroup";
   ser->Serialize( writer, g );
   writer->Close();
}

void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   XmlSerializer^ ser = CreateOverrideSerializer();

   // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
   FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
   Group^ g = safe_cast<Group^>(ser->Deserialize( fs ));
   fs->Close();
   Console::WriteLine( g->GroupName );
   Console::WriteLine( g->Things->Length );
   for ( int i = 0; i < g->Things->Length; ++i )
   {
      XmlElement^ xelement = safe_cast<XmlElement^>(g->Things[ i ]);
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}: {1}", xelement->Name, xelement->InnerXml );
   }
}

XmlSerializer^ CreateOverrideSerializer()
{
   XmlAnyElementAttribute^ myAnyElement = gcnew XmlAnyElementAttribute;
   XmlAttributeOverrides^ xOverride = gcnew XmlAttributeOverrides;
   XmlAttributes^ xAtts = gcnew XmlAttributes;
   xAtts->XmlAnyElements->Add( myAnyElement );
   xOverride->Add( Group::typeid, "Things", xAtts );
   return gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid,xOverride );
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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