XmlSchemaInference Class
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XmlSchemaInference Class

 

Infers an XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) schema from an XML document. The XmlSchemaInference class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:   System.Xml.Schema
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

System.Object
  System.Xml.Schema.XmlSchemaInference

public sealed class XmlSchemaInference

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodXmlSchemaInference()

Initializes a new instance of the XmlSchemaInference class.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubpropertyOccurrence

Gets or sets the XmlSchemaInference.InferenceOption value that affects schema occurrence declarations inferred from the XML document.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyTypeInference

Gets or sets the XmlSchemaInference.InferenceOption value that affects types inferred from the XML document.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodInferSchema(XmlReader)

Infers an XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) schema from the XML document contained in the XmlReader object specified.

System_CAPS_pubmethodInferSchema(XmlReader, XmlSchemaSet)

Infers an XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) schema from the XML document contained in the XmlReader object specified, and refines the inferred schema using an existing schema in the XmlSchemaSet object specified with the same target namespace.

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_security Security Note
  • Do not use schemas from unknown or untrusted sources or locations. Doing so will compromise the security of your code.

  • XML schemas (including inline schemas) are inherently vulnerable to denial of service attacks; do not accept them in untrusted scenarios.

  • Schema validation error messages and exceptions may expose sensitive information about the content model or URI paths to the schema file. Be careful not to expose this information to untrusted callers.

The XmlSchemaInference class in the System.Xml.Schema namespace allows you to infer an XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) schema from the structure of an XML document. The XmlSchemaInference class outputs an XML schema that can validate the XML document.

The XmlSchemaInference class supports the W3C XML and XML Schemas standards. It can be used to infer a new schema or to refine an existing schema.

This example takes an XML file as input, and generates a schema that can validate the example XML.

XmlReader reader = XmlReader.Create("contosoBooks.xml");
XmlSchemaSet schemaSet = new XmlSchemaSet();
XmlSchemaInference schema = new XmlSchemaInference();

schemaSet = schema.InferSchema(reader);

foreach (XmlSchema s in schemaSet.Schemas())
{
    s.Write(Console.Out);
}

The following is the input XML file.

<bookstore xmlns="http://www.contoso.com/books">
  <book genre="autobiography" publicationdate="1981-03-22" ISBN="1-861003-11-0">
    <title>The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin</title>
    <author>
      <first-name>Benjamin</first-name>
      <last-name>Franklin</last-name>
    </author>
    <price>8.99</price>
  </book>
  <book genre="novel" publicationdate="1967-11-17" ISBN="0-201-63361-2">
    <title>The Confidence Man</title>
    <author>
      <first-name>Herman</first-name>
      <last-name>Melville</last-name>
    </author>
    <price>11.99</price>
  </book>
  <book genre="philosophy" publicationdate="1991-02-15" ISBN="1-861001-57-6">
    <title>The Gorgias</title>
    <author>
      <name>Plato</name>
    </author>
    <price>9.99</price>
  </book>
</bookstore>

The following is the schema inferred from the XML document.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<xs:schema attributeFormDefault="unqualified" elementFormDefault="qualified" targetNamespace="http://www.contoso.com/books" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
    <xs:element name="bookstore">
        <xs:complexType>
            <xs:sequence>
                <xs:element maxOccurs="unbounded" name="book">
                    <xs:complexType>
                        <xs:sequence>
                            <xs:element name="title" type="xs:string" />
                            <xs:element name="author">
                                <xs:complexType>
                                    <xs:sequence>
                                        <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="name" type="xs:string" />
                                        <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="first-name" type="xs:string" />
                                        <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="last-name" type="xs:string" />
                                    </xs:sequence>
                                </xs:complexType>
                            </xs:element>
                            <xs:element name="price" type="xs:decimal" />
                        </xs:sequence>
                        <xs:attribute name="genre" type="xs:string" use="required" />
                        <xs:attribute name="publicationdate" type="xs:date" use="required" />
                        <xs:attribute name="ISBN" type="xs:string" use="required" />
                    </xs:complexType>
                </xs:element>
            </xs:sequence>
        </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
</xs:schema>

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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