PerspectiveCamera Class

 

Represents a perspective projection camera.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Media.Media3D
Assembly:  PresentationCore (in PresentationCore.dll)

System.Object
  System.Windows.Threading.DispatcherObject
    System.Windows.DependencyObject
      System.Windows.Freezable
        System.Windows.Media.Animation.Animatable
          System.Windows.Media.Media3D.Camera
            System.Windows.Media.Media3D.ProjectionCamera
              System.Windows.Media.Media3D.PerspectiveCamera

public sealed class PerspectiveCamera : ProjectionCamera

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodPerspectiveCamera()

Initializes a new instance of the PerspectiveCamera class.

System_CAPS_pubmethodPerspectiveCamera(Point3D, Vector3D, Vector3D, Double)

Initializes a new instance of the PerspectiveCamera class using the specified position, direction, and field of view.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubpropertyCanFreeze

Gets a value that indicates whether the object can be made unmodifiable. (Inherited from Freezable.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDependencyObjectType

Gets the DependencyObjectType that wraps the CLR type of this instance. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyDispatcher

Gets the Dispatcher this DispatcherObject is associated with. (Inherited from DispatcherObject.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyFarPlaneDistance

Gets or sets a value that specifies the distance from the camera of the camera's far clip plane. (Inherited from ProjectionCamera.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyFieldOfView

Gets or sets a value that represents the camera's horizontal field of view.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyHasAnimatedProperties

Gets a value that indicates whether one or more AnimationClock objects is associated with any of this object's dependency properties.(Inherited from Animatable.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyIsFrozen

Gets a value that indicates whether the object is currently modifiable. (Inherited from Freezable.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyIsSealed

Gets a value that indicates whether this instance is currently sealed (read-only).(Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyLookDirection

Gets or sets a Vector3D which defines the direction in which the camera is looking in world coordinates. (Inherited from ProjectionCamera.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyNearPlaneDistance

Gets or sets a value that specifies the distance from the camera of the camera's near clip plane. (Inherited from ProjectionCamera.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyPosition

Gets or sets the position of the camera in world coordinates. (Inherited from ProjectionCamera.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyTransform

Gets or sets the Transform3D applied to the camera. (Inherited from Camera.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyUpDirection

Gets or sets a Vector3D which defines the upward direction of the camera. (Inherited from ProjectionCamera.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock)

Applies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. If the property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used.(Inherited from Animatable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior)

Applies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. If the property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used.(Inherited from Animatable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodBeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline)

Applies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. If the specified property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used.(Inherited from Animatable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodBeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior)

Applies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. If the specified property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used. (Inherited from Animatable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodCheckAccess()

Determines whether the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject.(Inherited from DispatcherObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodClearValue(DependencyProperty)

Clears the local value of a property. The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyProperty identifier. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey)

Clears the local value of a read-only property. The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyPropertyKey. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodClone()

Creates a modifiable clone of this PerspectiveCamera, making deep copies of this object's values. When copying dependency properties, this method copies resource references and data bindings (but they might no longer resolve) but not animations or their current values.

System_CAPS_pubmethodCloneCurrentValue()

Creates a modifiable clone of this PerspectiveCamera object, making deep copies of this object's current values. Resource references, data bindings, and animations are not copied, but their current values are.

System_CAPS_pubmethodCoerceValue(DependencyProperty)

Coerces the value of the specified dependency property. This is accomplished by invoking any CoerceValueCallback function specified in property metadata for the dependency property as it exists on the calling DependencyObject.(Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determines whether a provided DependencyObject is equivalent to the current DependencyObject.(Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFreeze()

Makes the current object unmodifiable and sets its IsFrozen property to true. (Inherited from Freezable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetAnimationBaseValue(DependencyProperty)

Returns the non-animated value of the specified DependencyProperty.(Inherited from Animatable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetAsFrozen()

Creates a frozen copy of the Freezable, using base (non-animated) property values. Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference. (Inherited from Freezable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetCurrentValueAsFrozen()

Creates a frozen copy of the Freezable using current property values. Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference.(Inherited from Freezable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Gets a hash code for this DependencyObject.(Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetLocalValueEnumerator()

Creates a specialized enumerator for determining which dependency properties have locally set values on this DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetValue(DependencyProperty)

Returns the current effective value of a dependency property on this instance of a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodInvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty)

Re-evaluates the effective value for the specified dependency property(Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodReadLocalValue(DependencyProperty)

Returns the local value of a dependency property, if it exists. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSetCurrentValue(DependencyProperty, Object)

Sets the value of a dependency property without changing its value source. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSetValue(DependencyProperty, Object)

Sets the local value of a dependency property, specified by its dependency property identifier. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object)

Sets the local value of a read-only dependency property, specified by the DependencyPropertyKey identifier of the dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_protmethodShouldSerializeProperty(DependencyProperty)

Returns a value that indicates whether serialization processes should serialize the value for the provided dependency property.(Inherited from DependencyObject.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Creates a string representation of this object based on the current culture settings. (Inherited from Camera.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString(IFormatProvider)

Creates a string representation of the Camera. (Inherited from Camera.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodVerifyAccess()

Enforces that the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject.(Inherited from DispatcherObject.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubfieldSystem_CAPS_staticFieldOfViewProperty

Identifies the FieldOfView dependency property.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubeventChanged

Occurs when the Freezable or an object it contains is modified. (Inherited from Freezable.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

Formats the value of the current instance using the specified format.(Inherited from Camera.)

PerspectiveCamera specifies a projection of a 3-D model to a 2-D visual surface. This projection includes perspective foreshortening. In other words, the PerspectiveCamera describes a frustrum whose sides converge toward a point on the horizon. Objects closer to the camera appear larger, and objects farther from the camera appear smaller.

The following diagram shows the difference between orthographic and perspective-foreshortened camera projections.

Orthographic and perspective projection

<Page xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" >
  <DockPanel>
    <Viewbox>
      <Canvas Width="321" Height="201">

        <!-- The Viewport3D provides a rendering surface for 3-D visual content. -->
        <Viewport3D ClipToBounds="True" Width="150" Height="150" Canvas.Left="0" Canvas.Top="10">

          <!-- Defines the camera used to view the 3D object. -->
          <Viewport3D.Camera>
            <PerspectiveCamera Position="0,0,2" LookDirection="0,0,-1" FieldOfView="60" />
          </Viewport3D.Camera>

          <!-- The ModelVisual3D children contain the 3D models -->
          <Viewport3D.Children>

            <!-- This ModelVisual3D defines the light cast in the scene. Without light, the 3D 
                 object cannot be seen. Also, the direction of the lights affect shadowing. If desired,
                 you can create multiple lights with different colors that shine from different directions. -->
            <ModelVisual3D>
              <ModelVisual3D.Content>
                <DirectionalLight Color="#FFFFFF" Direction="-0.612372,-0.5,-0.612372" />
              </ModelVisual3D.Content>
            </ModelVisual3D>
            <ModelVisual3D>
              <ModelVisual3D.Content>
                <GeometryModel3D>

                  <!-- The geometry specifes the shape of the 3D plane. In this sample, a flat sheet is created. -->
                  <GeometryModel3D.Geometry>
                    <MeshGeometry3D
                     TriangleIndices="0,1,2 3,4,5 "
                     Normals="0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 0,0,1 "
                     TextureCoordinates="0,0 1,0 1,1 1,1 0,1 0,0 "
                     Positions="-0.5,-0.5,0.5 0.5,-0.5,0.5 0.5,0.5,0.5 0.5,0.5,0.5 -0.5,0.5,0.5 -0.5,-0.5,0.5 " />
                  </GeometryModel3D.Geometry>
                  <!-- The material specifies the material applied to the 3D object. In this sample a tiled drawing   
                       covers the surface of the 3D object.-->
                  <GeometryModel3D.Material>
                    <DiffuseMaterial>
                      <DiffuseMaterial.Brush>
                        <DrawingBrush Viewport="0,0,0.1,0.1" TileMode="Tile">
                          <DrawingBrush.Drawing>
                            <DrawingGroup>
                              <DrawingGroup.Children>
                                <GeometryDrawing Geometry="M0,0.1 L0.1,0 1,0.9, 0.9,1z"
                                  Brush="Gray" />
                                <GeometryDrawing Geometry="M0.9,0 L1,0.1 0.1,1 0,0.9z"
                                  Brush="Gray" />
                                <GeometryDrawing Geometry="M0.25,0.25 L0.5,0.125 0.75,0.25 0.5,0.5z"
                                  Brush="#FFFF00" />
                                <GeometryDrawing Geometry="M0.25,0.75 L0.5,0.875 0.75,0.75 0.5,0.5z"
                                  Brush="Black" />
                                <GeometryDrawing Geometry="M0.25,0.75 L0.125,0.5 0.25,0.25 0.5,0.5z"
                                  Brush="#FF0000" />
                                <GeometryDrawing Geometry="M0.75,0.25 L0.875,0.5 0.75,0.75 0.5,0.5z"
                                  Brush="MediumBlue" />
                              </DrawingGroup.Children>
                            </DrawingGroup>
                          </DrawingBrush.Drawing>
                        </DrawingBrush>
                      </DiffuseMaterial.Brush>
                    </DiffuseMaterial>
                  </GeometryModel3D.Material>
                  <!-- Apply a transform to the object. In this sample, a rotation transform is applied, rendering the 
                       3D object rotated. -->
                  <GeometryModel3D.Transform>
                    <RotateTransform3D>
                      <RotateTransform3D.Rotation>
                        <AxisAngleRotation3D Axis="0,3,0" Angle="40" />
                      </RotateTransform3D.Rotation>
                    </RotateTransform3D>
                  </GeometryModel3D.Transform>
                </GeometryModel3D>
              </ModelVisual3D.Content>
            </ModelVisual3D>
          </Viewport3D.Children>
        </Viewport3D>
      </Canvas>
    </Viewbox>
  </DockPanel>
</Page>

.NET Framework
Available since 3.0

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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