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BmpBitmapEncoder Class

Defines an encoder that is used to encode bitmap (BMP) format images.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Media.Imaging
Assembly:  PresentationCore (in PresentationCore.dll)
XMLNS for XAML: http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation, http://schemas.microsoft.com/netfx/2007/xaml/presentation

public sealed class BmpBitmapEncoder : BitmapEncoder
This managed class is not typically used in XAML.

Bitmap (BMP) format does not support features that are supported by other bitmap formats, including global preview, global thumbnail, global metadata, frame level thumbnails, multiple frames, and frame level metadata.

Encoding does not work in partial trust. See Windows Presentation Foundation Partial Trust Security for information on partial trust.

The following examples show how to decode and encode a bitmap (BMP) image using the specific BmpBitmapDecoder and BmpBitmapEncoder objects. For the complete sample, see BMP Encoder and Decoder Sample.

This example demonstrates how to decode a BMP image using a BmpBitmapDecoder from a Uri.

// Open a Uri and decode a BMP image
Uri myUri = new Uri("tulipfarm.bmp", UriKind.RelativeOrAbsolute);
BmpBitmapDecoder decoder2 = new BmpBitmapDecoder(myUri, BitmapCreateOptions.PreservePixelFormat, BitmapCacheOption.Default);
BitmapSource bitmapSource2 = decoder2.Frames[0];

// Draw the Image
Image myImage2 = new Image();
myImage2.Source = bitmapSource2;
myImage2.Stretch = Stretch.None;
myImage2.Margin = new Thickness(20);

This example demonstrates how to encode a BitmapSource into a BMP image using a BmpBitmapEncoder.

int width = 128;
int height = width;
int stride = width / 8;
byte[] pixels = new byte[height * stride];

// Try creating a new image with a custom palette.
List<System.Windows.Media.Color> colors = new List<System.Windows.Media.Color>();
BitmapPalette myPalette = new BitmapPalette(colors);

// Creates a new empty image with the pre-defined palette
BitmapSource image = BitmapSource.Create(

FileStream stream = new FileStream("new.bmp", FileMode.Create);
BmpBitmapEncoder encoder = new BmpBitmapEncoder();
TextBlock myTextBlock = new TextBlock();
myTextBlock.Text = "Codec Author is: " + encoder.CodecInfo.Author.ToString();

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0

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