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Drawing Class

Abstract class that describes a 2-D drawing. This class cannot be inherited by your code.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Media
Assembly:  PresentationCore (in PresentationCore.dll)

[LocalizabilityAttribute(LocalizationCategory.None, Readability = Readability.Unreadable)]
public abstract class Drawing : Animatable
This class is abstract; see Inheritance Hierarchy for derived non-abstract classes usable in XAML.

Drawing objects are light-weight objects that enable you to add geometric shapes, images, text, and media to an application. Drawing objects are considered light-weight because they do not provide support for The Layout System, Input Overview, and focus. Because of their performance benefits, drawings are ideal for backgrounds and clip art. You also use drawings when programming at the Visual level.

Because they inherit from the Freezable class, Drawing objects provide additional features that make them useful for describing clip art and backgrounds: they can be declared as resources, shared among multiple objects, made read-only, and made thread-safe. For more information about the different features provided by Freezable objects, see the Freezable Objects Overview.

There are different types of Drawing objects for different types of content: GeometryDrawing, ImageDrawing, DrawingGroup, VideoDrawing, and GlyphRunDrawing.

Freezable Features

A Drawing is a type of Freezable object. For information about Freezable features, such as freezing and cloning, see the Freezable Objects Overview.

This example shows how to paint an area with a drawing. To paint an area with a drawing, you use a DrawingBrush and one or more Drawing objects. The following example uses a DrawingBrush to paint an object with a drawing of two ellipses.

<!-- Demonstrates the use of DrawingBrush. -->
<Page  
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  Background="White">
  <StackPanel Margin="20">

    <Rectangle Width="150" Height="150" Stroke="Black" StrokeThickness="1">
      <Rectangle.Fill>
        <DrawingBrush>
          <DrawingBrush.Drawing>
            <GeometryDrawing Brush="MediumBlue">
              <GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
                <GeometryGroup>
                  <EllipseGeometry RadiusX="20" RadiusY="45" Center="50,50" />
                  <EllipseGeometry RadiusX="45" RadiusY="20" Center="50,50" />
                </GeometryGroup>
              </GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
              <GeometryDrawing.Pen>
                <Pen Thickness="10">
                  <Pen.Brush>
                    <LinearGradientBrush>
                      <GradientStop Offset="0.0" Color="Black" />
                      <GradientStop Offset="1.0" Color="Gray" />
                    </LinearGradientBrush>
                  </Pen.Brush>
                </Pen>
              </GeometryDrawing.Pen>
            </GeometryDrawing>
          </DrawingBrush.Drawing>
        </DrawingBrush>
      </Rectangle.Fill>
    </Rectangle>
  </StackPanel>
</Page>
using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Shapes;


namespace Microsoft.Samples.DrawingBrushExamples
{
    /// <summary> 
    /// Paints a Rectangle element with a DrawingBrush. 
    /// </summary> 
    public class DrawingBrushExample : Page
    {
        public DrawingBrushExample()
        {
            Background = Brushes.White;
            StackPanel mainPanel = new StackPanel();

            // Create a drawing of two ellipses.
            GeometryDrawing aDrawing = new GeometryDrawing();

            // Use geometries to describe two overlapping ellipses.
            EllipseGeometry ellipse1 = new EllipseGeometry();
            ellipse1.RadiusX = 20;
            ellipse1.RadiusY = 45;
            ellipse1.Center = new Point(50, 50);
            EllipseGeometry ellipse2 = new EllipseGeometry();
            ellipse2.RadiusX = 45;
            ellipse2.RadiusY = 20;
            ellipse2.Center = new Point(50, 50);
            GeometryGroup ellipses = new GeometryGroup();
            ellipses.Children.Add(ellipse1);
            ellipses.Children.Add(ellipse2);

            // Add the geometry to the drawing.
            aDrawing.Geometry = ellipses;

            // Specify the drawing's fill.
            aDrawing.Brush = Brushes.Blue;

            // Specify the drawing's stroke.
            Pen stroke = new Pen();
            stroke.Thickness = 10.0;
            stroke.Brush = new LinearGradientBrush(
                Colors.Black, Colors.Gray, new Point(0, 0), new Point(1, 1));
            aDrawing.Pen = stroke;

            // Create a DrawingBrush
            DrawingBrush myDrawingBrush = new DrawingBrush();
            myDrawingBrush.Drawing = aDrawing;

            // Create a Rectangle element.
            Rectangle aRectangle = new Rectangle();
            aRectangle.Width = 150;
            aRectangle.Height = 150;
            aRectangle.Stroke = Brushes.Black;
            aRectangle.StrokeThickness = 1.0;

            // Use the DrawingBrush to paint the rectangle's 
            // background.
            aRectangle.Fill = myDrawingBrush;

            mainPanel.Children.Add(aRectangle);

            this.Content = mainPanel;

        }
    }
}

The following illustration shows the example's output.

Output from a DrawingBrush

(The center of the shape is white for reasons described in How to: Control the Fill of a Composite Shape.)

By setting a DrawingBrush object's Viewport and TileMode properties, you can create a repeating pattern. The following example paints an object with a pattern created from a drawing of two ellipses.

<!-- Demonstrates the use of DrawingBrush. -->
<Page  
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  Background="White">
  <StackPanel Margin="20">

    <Rectangle Width="150" Height="150" Stroke="Black" StrokeThickness="1">
      <Rectangle.Fill>
        <DrawingBrush Viewport="0,0,0.25,0.25" TileMode="Tile">
          <DrawingBrush.Drawing>
            <GeometryDrawing Brush="MediumBlue">
              <GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
                <GeometryGroup>
                  <EllipseGeometry RadiusX="20" RadiusY="45" Center="50,50" />
                  <EllipseGeometry RadiusX="45" RadiusY="20" Center="50,50" />
                </GeometryGroup>
              </GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
              <GeometryDrawing.Pen>
                <Pen Thickness="10">
                  <Pen.Brush>
                    <LinearGradientBrush>
                      <GradientStop Offset="0.0" Color="Black" />
                      <GradientStop Offset="1.0" Color="Gray" />
                    </LinearGradientBrush>
                  </Pen.Brush>
                </Pen>
              </GeometryDrawing.Pen>
            </GeometryDrawing>
          </DrawingBrush.Drawing>
        </DrawingBrush>
      </Rectangle.Fill>
    </Rectangle>
  </StackPanel>
</Page>
using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Shapes;


namespace Microsoft.Samples.DrawingBrushExamples
{

    /// <summary> 
    /// Paints a Rectangle element with a tiled DrawingBrush. 
    /// </summary> 
    public class TiledDrawingBrushExample : Page
    {

        public TiledDrawingBrushExample()
        {
            Background = Brushes.White;
            StackPanel mainPanel = new StackPanel();

            // Create a drawing of two ellipses.
            GeometryDrawing aDrawing = new GeometryDrawing();

            // Use geometries to describe two overlapping ellipses.
            EllipseGeometry ellipse1 = new EllipseGeometry();
            ellipse1.RadiusX = 20;
            ellipse1.RadiusY = 45;
            ellipse1.Center = new Point(50, 50);
            EllipseGeometry ellipse2 = new EllipseGeometry();
            ellipse2.RadiusX = 45;
            ellipse2.RadiusY = 20;
            ellipse2.Center = new Point(50, 50);
            GeometryGroup ellipses = new GeometryGroup();
            ellipses.Children.Add(ellipse1);
            ellipses.Children.Add(ellipse2);

            // Add the geometry to the drawing.
            aDrawing.Geometry = ellipses;

            // Specify the drawing's fill.
            aDrawing.Brush = Brushes.Blue;

            // Specify the drawing's stroke.
            Pen stroke = new Pen();
            stroke.Thickness = 10.0;
            stroke.Brush = new LinearGradientBrush(
                Colors.Black, Colors.Gray, new Point(0, 0), new Point(1, 1));
            aDrawing.Pen = stroke;

            // Create a DrawingBrush
            DrawingBrush myDrawingBrush = new DrawingBrush();
            myDrawingBrush.Drawing = aDrawing;

            // Set the DrawingBrush's Viewport and TileMode 
            // properties so that it generates a pattern.
            myDrawingBrush.Viewport = new Rect(0, 0, 0.25, 0.25);
            myDrawingBrush.TileMode = TileMode.Tile;

            // Create a Rectangle element.
            Rectangle aRectangle = new Rectangle();
            aRectangle.Width = 150;
            aRectangle.Height = 150;
            aRectangle.Stroke = Brushes.Black;
            aRectangle.StrokeThickness = 1.0;

            // Use the DrawingBrush to paint the rectangle's 
            // background.
            aRectangle.Fill = myDrawingBrush;

            mainPanel.Children.Add(aRectangle);

            this.Content = mainPanel;

        }

    }
}

The following illustration shows the tiled DrawingBrush output.

Tiled output from a DrawingBrush

For more information about drawing brushes, see Painting with Images, Drawings, and Visuals. For additional examples, see the DrawingBrush Sample. For more information about Drawing objects, see the Drawing Objects Overview.

More Code

How to: Use a Drawing as an Image Source This example shows how to use a Drawing as the Source for an Image control. To display a Drawing with an Image control, use a DrawingImage as the Image control's Source and set the DrawingImage object's DrawingImage.Drawing property to the drawing you want to display.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0

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