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KeyGesture Class

Defines a keyboard combination that can be used to invoke a command.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Input
Assembly:  PresentationCore (in PresentationCore.dll)

public class KeyGesture : InputGesture
<object property="oneOrMoreModifierKeys+key"/>
- or -
<object property="functionKey"/>

XAML Values



A single key value, which must be one of the function keys (F1-12) or numeric keypad keys.


One or more modifier keys, defined by the ModifierKeys enumeration, delimited with a "+" character.



A single key value.

The KeyGesture type exposes the following members.

Public methodKeyGesture(Key)Initializes a new instance of the KeyGesture class with the specified Key.
Public methodKeyGesture(Key, ModifierKeys)Initializes a new instance of the KeyGesture class with the specified Key and ModifierKeys.
Public methodKeyGesture(Key, ModifierKeys, String)Initializes a new instance of the KeyGesture class with the specified Key, ModifierKeys, and display string.

Public propertyDisplayStringGets a string representation of this KeyGesture.
Public propertyKeyGets the key associated with this KeyGesture.
Public propertyModifiersGets the modifier keys associated with this KeyGesture.

Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetDisplayStringForCultureReturns a string that can be used to display the KeyGesture.
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodMatchesDetermines whether this KeyGesture matches the input associated with the specified InputEventArgs object. (Overrides InputGesture.Matches(Object, InputEventArgs).)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)

In most cases, a KeyGesture must be associated with one or more ModifierKeys. The exceptions to this rule are the function keys and the numeric keypad keys, which can be a valid KeyGesture by themselves. For example, you can create a KeyGesture by using only the F12 key, but to use the X key in a KeyGesture it must be paired with a modifier key.

In general, you can

You can use a KeyBinding to bind a KeyGesture to an ICommand, so that the command is invoked when the KeyGesture occurs.

For KeyGesture XAML usages, the property that is generally set in XAML is Gesture, in cases where the gesture represents both a standard key and a modifier key. You can also set the Gesture property to be just a function key, or just a modifier key combination. However, it is more common to set the Key property if the intended command binding is a function key with no modifiers, or Modifiers if the intended command binding is for modifier keys only.

The following example shows how to bind the Close command to a KeyGesture using a KeyBinding.

KeyGesture CloseCmdKeyGesture = new KeyGesture(
    Key.L, ModifierKeys.Alt);

KeyBinding CloseKeyBinding = new KeyBinding(
    ApplicationCommands.Close, CloseCmdKeyGesture);


The following example shows how to use KeyGesture in XAML. Note that the XAML usage does not directly declare a <KeyGesture> element. That object element usage is not possible because KeyGesture does not expose a public default constructor. Instead, the XAML usage uses the typeconverter behavior to declare an entire KeyGesture inline as the Gesture attribute value.

  <KeyBinding Command="ApplicationCommands.Open"
              Gesture="CTRL+R" />

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.