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FrameworkElement.PredictFocus Method

Determines the next element that would receive focus relative to this element for a provided focus movement direction, but does not actually move the focus.

Namespace:  System.Windows
Assembly:  PresentationFramework (in PresentationFramework.dll)

public override sealed DependencyObject PredictFocus(
	FocusNavigationDirection direction


Type: System.Windows.Input.FocusNavigationDirection
The direction for which a prospective focus change should be determined.

Return Value

Type: System.Windows.DependencyObject
The next element that focus would move to if focus were actually traversed. May return null if focus cannot be moved relative to this element for the provided direction.


Specified one of the following directions in the TraversalRequest: Next, Previous, First, Last. These directions are not legal for PredictFocus (but they are legal for MoveFocus).

MoveFocus is the related method that actually does move focus.

The following example implements a handler that handles several possible button inputs, each button representing a possible FocusNavigationDirection. The handler tracks the element with current keyboard focus, and calls PredictFocus on that element, and specifies the appropriate FocusNavigationDirection as initialization for the TraversalRequest type parameter provided. Instead of moving to that element as MoveFocus would do, the handler changes the physical dimensions of the predicted focus destination for visualization purposes.

private void OnPredictFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
    DependencyObject predictionElement = null;

    UIElement elementWithFocus = Keyboard.FocusedElement as UIElement;

    if (elementWithFocus != null)
        // Only these four directions are currently supported
        // by PredictFocus, so we need to filter on these only.
        if ((_focusMoveValue == FocusNavigationDirection.Up) ||
            (_focusMoveValue == FocusNavigationDirection.Down) ||
            (_focusMoveValue == FocusNavigationDirection.Left) ||
            (_focusMoveValue == FocusNavigationDirection.Right))

            // Get the element which would receive focus if focus were changed.
            predictionElement = elementWithFocus.PredictFocus(_focusMoveValue);

            Control controlElement = predictionElement as Control;

            // If a ContentElement.
            if (controlElement != null)
                controlElement.Foreground = Brushes.DarkBlue;
                controlElement.FontSize += 10;
                controlElement.FontWeight = FontWeights.ExtraBold;

                // Fields used to reset the UI when the mouse 
                // button is released.
                _focusPredicted = true;
                _predictedControl = controlElement;

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.