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TrackBarRenderer Class

Provides methods used to render a track bar control with visual styles. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public ref class TrackBarRenderer sealed

The TrackBarRenderer class provides a set of static methods that can be used to render each part of a track bar control with the current visual style of the operating system. Rendering a control refers to drawing the user interface of a control. This is useful if you are drawing a custom control that should have the appearance of the current visual style.

If visual styles are enabled in the operating system and visual styles are applied to the client area of application windows, the methods in this class will draw the track bar with the current visual style. Otherwise, the methods in this class will throw an InvalidOperationException. To determine whether the members of this class can be used, you can check the value of the IsSupported property.

This class wraps the functionality of a System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles::VisualStyleRenderer that is set to one of the elements exposed by the System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles::VisualStyleElement::TrackBar class. For more information, see Rendering Controls with Visual Styles.

Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows Server 2003 Platform Note: Visual styles are supported only on these platforms.

The following code example demonstrates how to create a custom control that uses the TrackBarRenderer methods to draw a horizontal track bar that responds to mouse clicks.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms::VisualStyles;

namespace TrackBarRendererSample
{
    ref class CustomTrackBar : public Control
    {
    private:
        int numberTicks;
        Rectangle trackRectangle;
        Rectangle ticksRectangle;
        Rectangle thumbRectangle;
        int currentTickPosition;
        float tickSpace;
        bool thumbClicked;
        TrackBarThumbState thumbState;

    public:
        CustomTrackBar(int ticks, System::Drawing::Size trackBarSize)
        {
            this->Location = Point(10, 10);
            this->Size = trackBarSize;
            this->numberTicks = ticks;
            this->BackColor = Color::DarkCyan;
            this->DoubleBuffered = true;
            numberTicks = 10;
            thumbState = TrackBarThumbState::Normal;

            // Calculate the initial sizes of the bar, 
            // thumb and ticks.
            SetupTrackBar();
        }

        // Calculate the sizes of the bar, thumb, and ticks rectangle. 
    private:
        void SetupTrackBar()
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                return;
            }

            Graphics^ g = this->CreateGraphics();

            // Calculate the size of the track bar.
            trackRectangle.X = ClientRectangle.X + 2;
            trackRectangle.Y = ClientRectangle.Y + 28;
            trackRectangle.Width = ClientRectangle.Width - 4;
            trackRectangle.Height = 4;

            // Calculate the size of the rectangle in which to 
            // draw the ticks.
            ticksRectangle.X = trackRectangle.X + 4;
            ticksRectangle.Y = trackRectangle.Y - 8;
            ticksRectangle.Width = trackRectangle.Width - 8;
            ticksRectangle.Height = 4;

            tickSpace = ((float)ticksRectangle.Width - 1) /
                ((float)numberTicks - 1);

            // Calculate the size of the thumb.
            thumbRectangle.Size =
                TrackBarRenderer::GetTopPointingThumbSize(g,
                TrackBarThumbState::Normal);

            thumbRectangle.X = CurrentTickXCoordinate();
            thumbRectangle.Y = trackRectangle.Y - 8;
        }

    private:
        int CurrentTickXCoordinate()
        {
            if (tickSpace == 0)
            {
                return 0;
            }
            else
            {
                return ((int)Math::Round(tickSpace) *
                    currentTickPosition);
            }
        }

        // Draw the track bar. 
    protected:
        virtual void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs^ e) override
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                this->Parent->Text = "CustomTrackBar Disabled";
                return;
            }

            this->Parent->Text = "CustomTrackBar Enabled";
            TrackBarRenderer::DrawHorizontalTrack(e->Graphics,
                trackRectangle);
            TrackBarRenderer::DrawTopPointingThumb(e->Graphics,
                thumbRectangle, thumbState);
            TrackBarRenderer::DrawHorizontalTicks(e->Graphics,
                ticksRectangle, numberTicks, EdgeStyle->Raised);
        }

        // Determine whether the user has clicked the track bar thumb. 
    protected:
        virtual void OnMouseDown(MouseEventArgs^ e) override
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                return;
            }
            if (this->thumbRectangle.Contains(e->Location))
            {
                thumbClicked = true;
                thumbState = TrackBarThumbState::Pressed;
            }

            this->Invalidate();
        }

        // Redraw the track bar thumb if the user has moved it. 
    protected:
        virtual void OnMouseUp(MouseEventArgs^ e) override
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                return;
            }
            if (thumbClicked == true)
            {
                if (e->Location.X > trackRectangle.X &&
                    e->Location.X < (trackRectangle.X +
                    trackRectangle.Width - thumbRectangle.Width))
                {
                    thumbClicked = false;
                    thumbState = TrackBarThumbState::Hot;
                    this->Invalidate();
                }

                thumbClicked = false;
            }
        }

        // Track cursor movements. 
    protected:
        virtual void OnMouseMove(MouseEventArgs^ e) override
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                return;
            }
            // The user is moving the thumb. 
            if (thumbClicked == true)
            {
                // Track movements to the next tick to the right, if 
                // the cursor has moved halfway to the next tick. 
                if (currentTickPosition < numberTicks - 1 &&
                    e->Location.X > CurrentTickXCoordinate() +
                    (int)(tickSpace))
                {
                    currentTickPosition++;
                }

                // Track movements to the next tick to the left, if 
                // cursor has moved halfway to the next tick. 
                else if (currentTickPosition > 0 &&
                    e->Location.X < CurrentTickXCoordinate() -
                    (int)(tickSpace / 2))
                {
                    currentTickPosition--;
                }

                thumbRectangle.X = CurrentTickXCoordinate();
            }

            // The cursor is passing over the track. 
            else
            {
                if (thumbRectangle.Contains(e->Location))
                {
                    thumbState = TrackBarThumbState::Hot;
                }
                else
                {
                    thumbState = TrackBarThumbState::Normal;
                }
            }

            Invalidate();
        }
    };

    ref class Form1 : public Form
    {
    public:
        Form1()
        {
            CustomTrackBar^ TrackBar1 = gcnew CustomTrackBar(19,
                System::Drawing::Size(300, 50));
            this->Width = 500;
            this->Controls->Add(TrackBar1);
        }
    };
}

[STAThread]
int main()
{
    // Note that the call to EnableVisualStyles below does 
    // not affect whether TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported is true; 
    // as long as visual styles are enabled by the operating system, 
    // IsSupported is true.
    Application::EnableVisualStyles();
    Application::Run(gcnew TrackBarRendererSample::Form1());
    return 0;
}

System::Object
  System.Windows.Forms::TrackBarRenderer

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

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