TabRenderer Class


Provides methods used to render a tab control with visual styles. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)


public ref class TabRenderer sealed 


Gets a value indicating whether the TabRenderer class can be used to draw a tab control with visual styles.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticDrawTabItem(Graphics^, Rectangle, Boolean, TabItemState)

Draws a tab in the specified state and bounds, and with an optional focus rectangle.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticDrawTabItem(Graphics^, Rectangle, Image^, Rectangle, Boolean, TabItemState)

Draws a tab in the specified state and bounds, with the specified image, and with an optional focus rectangle.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticDrawTabItem(Graphics^, Rectangle, String^, Font^, Boolean, TabItemState)

Draws a tab in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text, and with an optional focus rectangle.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticDrawTabItem(Graphics^, Rectangle, String^, Font^, Image^, Rectangle, Boolean, TabItemState)

Draws a tab in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text and image, and with an optional focus rectangle.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticDrawTabItem(Graphics^, Rectangle, String^, Font^, TabItemState)

Draws a tab in the specified state and bounds, and with the specified text.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticDrawTabItem(Graphics^, Rectangle, String^, Font^, TextFormatFlags, Boolean, TabItemState)

Draws a tab in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text and text formatting, and with an optional focus rectangle.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticDrawTabItem(Graphics^, Rectangle, String^, Font^, TextFormatFlags, Image^, Rectangle, Boolean, TabItemState)

Draws a tab in the specified state and bounds; with the specified text, text formatting, and image; and with an optional focus rectangle.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticDrawTabItem(Graphics^, Rectangle, TabItemState)

Draws a tab in the specified state and bounds.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticDrawTabPage(Graphics^, Rectangle)

Draws a tab page in the specified bounds.


Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)


Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)


Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)


Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

The TabRenderer class provides a set of static methods that can be used to render a tab control with the current visual style of the operating system. Rendering a control refers to drawing the user interface of a control. This is useful if you are drawing a custom control that should have the appearance of the current visual style. To draw a tab control, use the DrawTabPage method to draw the page, and use the DrawTabItem method to draw each tab.

If visual styles are enabled in the operating system and visual styles are applied to the client area of application windows, the methods of this class will draw the tab control with the current visual style. Otherwise, the methods and properties of this class will throw an InvalidOperationException. To determine whether the members of this class can be used, check the value of the IsSupported property.

This class wraps the functionality of a System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles::VisualStyleRenderer that is set to one of the elements exposed by the System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles::VisualStyleElement::Tab class. For more information, see Rendering Controls with Visual Styles.


Visual styles are supported only on these platforms.

The following code example demonstrates how to create a custom control that uses the DrawTabPage and DrawTabItem methods to draw a basic tab control with two tabs.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms::VisualStyles;

namespace TabRendererSample
    public ref class CustomTabControl : public Control
        Rectangle tabPageRectangle;
        Rectangle tabItemRectangle1;
        Rectangle tabItemRectangle2;
        int tabHeight;
        int tabWidth;
        TabItemState tab1State;
        TabItemState tab2State;
        String^ tab1Text;
        String^ tab2Text;
        bool tab1Focused;
        bool tab2Focused;

            this->tabHeight = 30;
            this->tabWidth = 100;
            this->tab1State = TabItemState::Selected;
            this->tab2State = TabItemState::Normal;
            this->tab1Text = "Tab 1";
            this->tab2Text = "Tab 2";
            this->tab1Focused = true;
            this->tab2Focused = false;
            this->Size = System::Drawing::Size(300, 300);
            this->Location = Point(10, 10);
            this->Font = SystemFonts::IconTitleFont;
            this->Text = "TabRenderer";
            this->DoubleBuffered = true;

            tabPageRectangle = Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X,
                ClientRectangle.Y + tabHeight,
                ClientRectangle.Height - tabHeight);

            // Extend the first tab rectangle down by 2 pixels, 
            // because it is selected by default.
            tabItemRectangle1 = Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X,
                ClientRectangle.Y, tabWidth, tabHeight + 2);

            tabItemRectangle2 = Rectangle(ClientRectangle.Location.X +
                tabWidth, ClientRectangle.Location.Y, tabWidth, tabHeight);

        // Draw the tab page and the tab items.
        virtual void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs^ e) override

            if (!TabRenderer::IsSupported)
                this->Parent->Text = "CustomTabControl Disabled";

            TabRenderer::DrawTabPage(e->Graphics, tabPageRectangle);
            TabRenderer::DrawTabItem(e->Graphics, tabItemRectangle1,
                tab1Text, this->Font, tab1Focused, tab1State);
            TabRenderer::DrawTabItem(e->Graphics, tabItemRectangle2,
                tab2Text, this->Font, tab2Focused, tab2State);

            this->Parent->Text = "CustomTabControl Enabled";

        // Draw the selected tab item.
        virtual void OnMouseDown(MouseEventArgs^ e) override

            if (!TabRenderer::IsSupported)

            // The first tab is clicked. Note that the height of the 
            // selected tab rectangle is raised by 2, so that it draws 
            // over the border of the tab page.
            if (tabItemRectangle1.Contains(e->Location))
                tab1State = TabItemState::Selected;
                tab2State = TabItemState::Normal;
                tabItemRectangle1.Height += 2;
                tabItemRectangle2.Height -= 2;
                tab1Focused = true;
                tab2Focused = false;

            // The second tab is clicked.
            if (tabItemRectangle2.Contains(e->Location))
                tab2State = TabItemState::Selected;
                tab1State = TabItemState::Normal;
                tabItemRectangle2.Height += 2;
                tabItemRectangle1.Height -= 2;
                tab2Focused = true;
                tab1Focused = false;

    public ref class Form1 : public Form

            CustomTabControl^ Tab1 = gcnew CustomTabControl();
            this->Size = System::Drawing::Size(500, 500);


int main()
    // The call to EnableVisualStyles below does not affect whether 
    // TabRenderer.IsSupported is true; as long as visual styles 
    // are enabled by the operating system, IsSupported is true.
    Application::Run(gcnew TabRendererSample::Form1());

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0

Any public static ( Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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