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Message.WParam Property

Gets or sets the WParam field of the message.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

Public Property WParam As IntPtr

Property Value

Type: System.IntPtr
The WParam field of the message.

The value of this field depends on the message. Use the WParam field to get information that is important to handling the message. This field is typically used to store small pieces of information, such as flags.

The following code example demonstrates overriding the WndProc method to handle operating system messages identified in the Message. The WM_ACTIVATEAPP operating system message is handled in this example to know when another application is becoming active. For information about the available Message.Msg, Message.LParam, and Message.WParam values, see the MSG Structure documentation. For information about the actual constant values, see Message Constants.

Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Namespace csTempWindowsApplication1

    Public Class Form1
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

        ' Constant value was found in the "windows.h" header file.
        Private Const WM_ACTIVATEAPP As Integer = &H1C
        Private appActive As Boolean = True

        <STAThread()> _
        Shared Sub Main()
            Application.Run(New Form1())
        End Sub 'Main

        Public Sub New()

            Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(300, 300)
            Me.Text = "Form1"
            Me.Font = New System.Drawing.Font("Microsoft Sans Serif", 18.0!, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold, System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, CType(0, Byte))
        End Sub

        Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)

            ' Paint a string in different styles depending on whether the
            ' application is active.
            If (appActive) Then
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(SystemBrushes.ActiveCaption, 20, 20, 260, 50)
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Application is active", Me.Font, SystemBrushes.ActiveCaptionText, 20, 20)
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(SystemBrushes.InactiveCaption, 20, 20, 260, 50)
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Application is Inactive", Me.Font, SystemBrushes.ActiveCaptionText, 20, 20)
            End If
        End Sub
	<System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSetAttribute(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
        Protected Overrides Sub WndProc(ByRef m As Message)
            ' Listen for operating system messages
            Select Case (m.Msg)
                ' The WM_ACTIVATEAPP message occurs when the application
                ' becomes the active application or becomes inactive.
            Case WM_ACTIVATEAPP

                    ' The WParam value identifies what is occurring.
                    appActive = (m.WParam.ToInt32() <> 0)

                    ' Invalidate to get new text painted.

            End Select
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.