MenuItem::OwnerDraw Property


Gets or sets a value indicating whether the code that you provide draws the menu item or Windows draws the menu item.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

property bool OwnerDraw {
	bool get();
	void set(bool value);

Property Value

Type: System::Boolean

true if the menu item is to be drawn using code; false if the menu item is to be drawn by Windows. The default is false.

When the OwnerDraw property is set to true, you need to handle all drawing of the menu item. You can use this capability to create your own special menu displays.

The following code example demonstrates a menu with an owner-drawn menu item. This example set the OwnerDraw property and uses the AddHandler statement and the AddressOf operator to designate a delegate to handle the DrawItem event. To run the example, paste it in a form that imports the System, System.Windows.Forms, and System.Drawing namespaces. Call InitializeMenu from the form's constructor or Load method.

   // Declare the MainMenu control.
   System::Windows::Forms::MainMenu^ MainMenu1;

   // Declare MenuItem2 as With-Events because it will be user drawn.
   System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem^ MenuItem2;

   void InitializeMenu()

      // Create MenuItem1, which will be drawn by the operating system.
      MenuItem^ MenuItem1 = gcnew MenuItem( "Regular Menu Item" );

      // Create MenuItem2.
      MenuItem2 = gcnew MenuItem( "Custom Menu Item" );

      // Set OwnerDraw property to true. This requires handling the
      // DrawItem event for this menu item.
      MenuItem2->OwnerDraw = true;

      //Add the event-handler delegate to handle the DrawItem event.
      MenuItem2->DrawItem += gcnew DrawItemEventHandler( this, &Form1::DrawCustomMenuItem );

      // Add the items to the menu.
      array<MenuItem^>^temp0 = {MenuItem1,MenuItem2};
      MainMenu1 = gcnew MainMenu( temp0 );

      // Add the menu to the form.
      this->Menu = this->MainMenu1;

   // Draw the custom menu item.
   void DrawCustomMenuItem( Object^ sender, DrawItemEventArgs^ e )
      // Cast the sender to MenuItem so you can access text property.
      MenuItem^ customItem = dynamic_cast<MenuItem^>(sender);

      // Create a Brush and a Font to draw the MenuItem.
      System::Drawing::Brush^ aBrush = System::Drawing::Brushes::DarkMagenta;
      System::Drawing::Font^ aFont = gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Garamond",10,FontStyle::Italic,GraphicsUnit::Point );

      // Get the size of the text to use later to draw an ellipse
      // around the item.
      SizeF stringSize = e->Graphics->MeasureString( customItem->Text, aFont );

      // Draw the item and then draw the ellipse.
      e->Graphics->DrawString( customItem->Text, aFont, aBrush, (float)e->Bounds.X, (float)e->Bounds.Y );
      e->Graphics->DrawEllipse( gcnew Pen( System::Drawing::Color::Black,2 ), Rectangle(e->Bounds.X,e->Bounds.Y,(System::Int32)stringSize.Width,(System::Int32)stringSize.Height) );

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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