DataSource Property

ListControl::DataSource Property

 

Gets or sets the data source for this ListControl.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public:
property Object^ DataSource {
	Object^ get();
	void set(Object^ value);
}

Property Value

Type: System::Object^

An object that implements the IList or IListSource interfaces, such as a DataSet or an Array. The default is null.

Exception Condition
ArgumentException

The assigned value does not implement the IList or IListSource interfaces.

There are two ways to fill the ComboBox and ListBox controls.

For example, you can add objects to the ComboBox by using the Add method. You can also add objects to a ComboBox by using the DataSource, DisplayMember, and ValueMember properties to fill the ComboBox.

When the DataSource property is set, a user cannot modify the items collection.

If setting the DataSource property causes the data source to change, the DataSourceChanged event is raised. If setting this property causes the data member to change, the DisplayMemberChanged event is raised.

When you set DataSource to null, DisplayMember is set to an empty string ("").

The following code example is a complete application that shows how you can use DataSource, DisplayMember, ValueMember, and SelectedValue members of the ListControl class as implemented by the ListBox class. The example loads an ArrayList and the list box. When the user selects an item in the list box, the selected value is used to return the data associated with the selected item.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Collections;
public ref class USState
{
private:
   String^ myShortName;
   String^ myLongName;

public:
   USState( String^ strLongName, String^ strShortName )
   {
      this->myShortName = strShortName;
      this->myLongName = strLongName;
   }

   property String^ ShortName 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return myShortName;
      }
   }

   property String^ LongName 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return myLongName;
      }

   }
};

public ref class ListBoxSample3: public Form
{
private:
   ListBox^ ListBox1;
   Label^ label1;
   TextBox^ textBox1;

public:
   ListBoxSample3()
   {
      ListBox1 = gcnew ListBox;
      label1 = gcnew Label;
      textBox1 = gcnew TextBox;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size(307, 206 );
      this->Text = "ListBox Sample3";
      ListBox1->Location = Point(54,16);
      ListBox1->Name = "ListBox1";
      ListBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 240, 130 );
      label1->Location = Point(14,150);
      label1->Name = "label1";
      label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size(40, 24);
      label1->Text = "Value";
      textBox1->Location = Point(54,150);
      textBox1->Name = "textBox1";
      textBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 240, 24 );
      array<Control^>^temp2 = {ListBox1,label1, textBox1};
      this->Controls->AddRange( temp2 );

      // Populate the list box using an array as DataSource. 
      // DisplayMember is used to display just the long name of each state.
      ArrayList^ USStates = gcnew ArrayList;
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Alabama","AL" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Washington","WA" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "West Virginia","WV" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Wisconsin","WI" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Wyoming","WY" ) );
      ListBox1->DataSource = USStates;
      ListBox1->DisplayMember = "LongName";
      ListBox1->ValueMember = "ShortName";
      ListBox1->SelectedValueChanged += gcnew EventHandler( this, &ListBoxSample3::ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged );
      ListBox1->SetSelected(0, false);
   }

   void InitializeComponent(){}

private:
   void ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      textBox1->Text="";
      if ( ListBox1->SelectedIndex != -1 )
            textBox1->Text = ListBox1->SelectedValue->ToString();
   }
};

[STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew ListBoxSample3 );
}

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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