ListBox.DrawItem Event


The .NET API Reference documentation has a new home. Visit the .NET API Browser on to see the new experience.

Occurs when a visual aspect of an owner-drawn ListBox changes.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

Public Event DrawItem As DrawItemEventHandler

This event is used by an owner-drawn ListBox. The event is only raised when the DrawMode property is set to DrawMode.OwnerDrawFixed or DrawMode.OwnerDrawVariable. You can use this event to perform the tasks needed to draw items in the ListBox. If you have a variable-sized item (when the DrawMode property is set to DrawMode.OwnerDrawVariable), before drawing an item, the MeasureItem event is raised. You can create an event handler for the MeasureItem event to specify the size for the item that you are going to draw in your event handler for the DrawItem event.

For more information about handling events, see Handling and Raising Events.

The following code example demonstrates how to create owner-drawn ListBox items. The code uses the DrawMode property to specify that the items drawn are fixed sized and the DrawItem event to perform the drawing of each item into the ListBox. The example code uses the properties and methods of the DrawItemEventArgs class passed as a parameter to the event handler to draw the items. This example requires that a ListBox control called listBox1 has been added to a form and that the DrawItem event is handled by the event handler defined in the example code. The example also requires that items have been added to the ListBox with the text of "Apple", "Orange", and "Plum" in that order.

Private WithEvents ListBox1 As New ListBox()

Private Sub InitializeListBox() 
    ListBox1.Items.AddRange(New Object() _
        {"Red Item", "Orange Item", "Purple Item"})
    ListBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(81, 69)
    ListBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 95)
    ListBox1.DrawMode = DrawMode.OwnerDrawFixed

End Sub

Private Sub ListBox1_DrawItem(ByVal sender As Object, _
 ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.DrawItemEventArgs) _
 Handles ListBox1.DrawItem

    ' Draw the background of the ListBox control for each item.

    ' Define the default color of the brush as black.
    Dim myBrush As Brush = Brushes.Black

    ' Determine the color of the brush to draw each item based on   
    ' the index of the item to draw.
    Select Case e.Index
        Case 0
            myBrush = Brushes.Red
        Case 1
            myBrush = Brushes.Orange
        Case 2
            myBrush = Brushes.Purple
    End Select

    ' Draw the current item text based on the current 
    ' Font and the custom brush settings.
    e.Graphics.DrawString(ListBox1.Items(e.Index).ToString(), _
        e.Font, myBrush, e.Bounds, StringFormat.GenericDefault)

    ' If the ListBox has focus, draw a focus rectangle around  _ 
    ' the selected item.
End Sub

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Return to top