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KeyEventArgs.KeyData Property

Gets the key data for a KeyDown or KeyUp event.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public Keys KeyData { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Windows.Forms.Keys
A Keys representing the key code for the key that was pressed, combined with modifier flags that indicate which combination of CTRL, SHIFT, and ALT keys was pressed at the same time.

You can use constants from Keys to extract information from the KeyData property. Use the bitwise AND operator to compare data returned by KeyData with constants in Keys to obtain information about which keys the user pressed. To determine whether a specific modifier key was pressed, use the Control, Shift, and Alt properties.

The following code example demonstrates the use of this member. In the example, an event handler reports on the occurrence of the Control.KeyDown event. This report helps you to learn when the event occurs and can assist you in debugging. To report on multiple events or on events that occur frequently, consider replacing MessageBox.Show with Console.WriteLine or appending the message to a multiline TextBox.

To run the example code, paste it into a project that contains an instance of a type that inherits from Control, such as a Button or ComboBox. Then name the instance Control1 and ensure that the event handler is associated with the Control.KeyDown event.

private void Control1_KeyDown(Object sender, KeyEventArgs e) {

System.Text.StringBuilder messageBoxCS = new System.Text.StringBuilder();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "Alt", e.Alt );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "Control", e.Control );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "Handled", e.Handled );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "KeyCode", e.KeyCode );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "KeyValue", e.KeyValue );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "KeyData", e.KeyData );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "Modifiers", e.Modifiers );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "Shift", e.Shift );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "SuppressKeyPress", e.SuppressKeyPress );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
MessageBox.Show(messageBoxCS.ToString(), "KeyDown Event" );
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0
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