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KeyEventArgs.KeyData Property

Gets the key data for a KeyDown or KeyUp event.

Namespace: System.Windows.Forms
Assembly: System.Windows.Forms (in system.windows.forms.dll)

public Keys KeyData { get; }
/** @property */
public Keys get_KeyData ()

public function get KeyData () : Keys

Not applicable.

Property Value

A Keys representing the key code for the key that was pressed, combined with modifier flags that indicate which combination of CTRL, SHIFT, and ALT keys was pressed at the same time.

You can use constants from Keys to extract information from the KeyData property. Use the bitwise AND operator to compare data returned by KeyData with constants in Keys to obtain information about which keys the user pressed. To determine whether a specific modifier key was pressed, use the Control, Shift, and Alt properties.

The following code example demonstrates the use of this member. In the example, an event handler reports on the occurrence of the Control.KeyDown event. This report helps you to learn when the event occurs and can assist you in debugging. To report on multiple events or on events that occur frequently, consider replacing System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show with System.Console.WriteLine or appending the message to a multiline TextBox.

To run the example code, paste it into a project that contains an instance of a type that inherits from Control, such as a Button or ComboBox. Then name the instance Control1 and ensure that the event handler is associated with the Control.KeyDown event.

private void Control1_KeyDown(Object sender, KeyEventArgs e) {

System.Text.StringBuilder messageBoxCS = new System.Text.StringBuilder();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "Alt", e.Alt );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "Control", e.Control );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "Handled", e.Handled );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "KeyCode", e.KeyCode );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "KeyValue", e.KeyValue );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "KeyData", e.KeyData );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "Modifiers", e.Modifiers );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "Shift", e.Shift );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
messageBoxCS.AppendFormat("{0} = {1}", "SuppressKeyPress", e.SuppressKeyPress );
messageBoxCS.AppendLine();
MessageBox.Show(messageBoxCS.ToString(), "KeyDown Event" );
}

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0
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