FolderBrowserDialog::RootFolder Property


Gets or sets the root folder where the browsing starts from.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

property Environment::SpecialFolder RootFolder {
	Environment::SpecialFolder get();
	void set(Environment::SpecialFolder value);

Property Value

Type: System::Environment::SpecialFolder

One of the Environment::SpecialFolder values. The default is Desktop.

Exception Condition

The value assigned is not one of the Environment::SpecialFolder values.

Only the specified folder and any subfolders that are beneath it will appear in the dialog box and be selectable. The SelectedPath property, along with RootFolder, determines what the selected folder will be when the dialog box is displayed, as long as SelectedPath is an absolute path that is a subfolder of RootFolder (or more accurately, points to a subfolder of the shell namespace represented by RootFolder).

The following code example creates an application that enables the user to open rich text (.rtf) files within the RichTextBox control.

// The following example displays an application that provides the ability to
// open rich text files (rtf) into the RichTextBox. The example demonstrates
// using the FolderBrowserDialog to set the default directory for opening files.
// The OpenFileDialog is used to open the file.
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::IO;
public ref class FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
   FolderBrowserDialog^ folderBrowserDialog1;
   OpenFileDialog^ openFileDialog1;
   RichTextBox^ richTextBox1;
   MainMenu^ mainMenu1;
   MenuItem^ fileMenuItem;
   MenuItem^ openMenuItem;
   MenuItem^ folderMenuItem;
   MenuItem^ closeMenuItem;
   String^ openFileName;
   String^ folderName;
   bool fileOpened;


   // Constructor.
      fileOpened = false;
      this->mainMenu1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MainMenu;
      this->fileMenuItem = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem;
      this->openMenuItem = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem;
      this->folderMenuItem = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem;
      this->closeMenuItem = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem;
      this->openFileDialog1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::OpenFileDialog;
      this->folderBrowserDialog1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::FolderBrowserDialog;
      this->richTextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::RichTextBox;
      this->mainMenu1->MenuItems->Add( this->fileMenuItem );
      array<System::Windows::Forms::MenuItem^>^temp0 = {this->openMenuItem,this->closeMenuItem,this->folderMenuItem};
      this->fileMenuItem->MenuItems->AddRange( temp0 );
      this->fileMenuItem->Text = "File";
      this->openMenuItem->Text = "Open...";
      this->openMenuItem->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm::openMenuItem_Click );
      this->folderMenuItem->Text = "Select Directory...";
      this->folderMenuItem->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm::folderMenuItem_Click );
      this->closeMenuItem->Text = "Close";
      this->closeMenuItem->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm::closeMenuItem_Click );
      this->closeMenuItem->Enabled = false;
      this->openFileDialog1->DefaultExt = "rtf";
      this->openFileDialog1->Filter = "rtf files (*.rtf)|*.rtf";

      // Set the help text description for the FolderBrowserDialog.
      this->folderBrowserDialog1->Description = "Select the directory that you want to use as the default.";

      // Do not allow the user to create new files via the FolderBrowserDialog.
      this->folderBrowserDialog1->ShowNewFolderButton = false;

      // Default to the My Documents folder.
      this->folderBrowserDialog1->RootFolder = Environment::SpecialFolder::Personal;
      this->richTextBox1->AcceptsTab = true;
      this->richTextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 8 );
      this->richTextBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 280, 344 );
      this->richTextBox1->Anchor = static_cast<AnchorStyles>(AnchorStyles::Top | AnchorStyles::Left | AnchorStyles::Bottom | AnchorStyles::Right);
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 296, 360 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->richTextBox1 );
      this->Menu = this->mainMenu1;
      this->Text = "RTF Document Browser";


   // Bring up a dialog to open a file.
   void openMenuItem_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )

      // If a file is not opened then set the initial directory to the
      // FolderBrowserDialog::SelectedPath value.
      if (  !fileOpened )
         openFileDialog1->InitialDirectory = folderBrowserDialog1->SelectedPath;
         openFileDialog1->FileName = nullptr;

      // Display the openFile Dialog.
      System::Windows::Forms::DialogResult result = openFileDialog1->ShowDialog();

      // OK button was pressed.
      if ( result == ::DialogResult::OK )
         openFileName = openFileDialog1->FileName;

            // Output the requested file in richTextBox1.
            Stream^ s = openFileDialog1->OpenFile();
            richTextBox1->LoadFile( s, RichTextBoxStreamType::RichText );
            fileOpened = true;
         catch ( Exception^ exp ) 
            MessageBox::Show( String::Concat( "An error occurred while attempting to load the file. The error is: ", System::Environment::NewLine, exp, System::Environment::NewLine ) );
            fileOpened = false;

         closeMenuItem->Enabled = fileOpened;
      // Cancel button was pressed.

      // Cancel button was pressed.
      if ( result == ::DialogResult::Cancel )

   // Close the current file.
   void closeMenuItem_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
      richTextBox1->Text = "";
      fileOpened = false;
      closeMenuItem->Enabled = false;

   // Bring up a dialog to chose a folder path in which to open/save a file.
   void folderMenuItem_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )

      // Show the FolderBrowserDialog.
      System::Windows::Forms::DialogResult result = folderBrowserDialog1->ShowDialog();
      if ( result == ::DialogResult::OK )
         folderName = folderBrowserDialog1->SelectedPath;
         if (  !fileOpened )

            // No file is opened, bring up openFileDialog in selected path.
            openFileDialog1->InitialDirectory = folderName;
            openFileDialog1->FileName = nullptr;


// The main entry point for the application.
int main()
   Application::Run( gcnew FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm );

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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