DrawTreeNodeEventArgs Class
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DrawTreeNodeEventArgs Class

Provides data for the DrawNode event.


Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

Public Class DrawTreeNodeEventArgs _
	Inherits EventArgs

The DrawTreeNodeEventArgs type exposes the following members.

Public methodDrawTreeNodeEventArgsInitializes a new instance of the DrawTreeNodeEventArgs class.

Public propertyBoundsGets the size and location of the TreeNode to draw.
Public propertyDrawDefaultGets or sets a value indicating whether the TreeNode should be drawn by the operating system rather than being owner drawn.
Public propertyGraphicsGets the Graphics object used to draw the TreeNode.
Public propertyNodeGets the TreeNode to draw.
Public propertyStateGets the current state of the TreeNode to draw.

Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)

Use the DrawNode event to customize the appearance of nodes in a TreeView control using owner drawing.

The DrawNode event is raised by a TreeView control when its TreeView.DrawMode property is set to TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawAll or TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawText and a node is displayed or updated. The DrawTreeNodeEventArgs passed to the event handler contains information about the node to draw as well as providing methods to help you draw the node.

Use the State or Node properties to retrieve information about the node to draw. Use the Graphics property to do the actual drawing within the area specified by the Bounds property. To make the operating system draw a node that does not need to be owner drawn, set the DrawDefault property to true.

When the TreeView.DrawMode property is set to TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawText, the area indicated by the Bounds property includes the label portion of the node only. When the TreeView.DrawMode property is set to TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawAll, the Bounds area includes the entire node, including the area typically used for icons, checkboxes, plus and minus signs, and lines connecting the nodes.

The following code example demonstrates how to customize a TreeView control using owner drawing. The TreeView control in the example displays optional node tags alongside the standard node labels. Node tags are specified using the TreeNode.Tag property. The TreeView control also uses custom colors, including a custom highlight color.

You can customize most of the TreeView colors by setting color properties, but the selection highlight color is not available as a property. Additionally, the default selection highlight rectangle extends only around a node label. Owner drawing must be used to draw the node tags and to draw a customized highlight rectangle large enough to include a node tag.

In the example, a handler for the TreeView.DrawNode event draws the node tags and the custom selection highlight manually. Unselected nodes do not need customization. For these, the DrawDefault property is set to true so that they will be drawn by the operating system.

Additionally, a handler for the Control.MouseDown event provides hit-testing. By default, a node can be selected only by clicking the region around its label. The Control.MouseDown event handler selects a node that is clicked anywhere within this region or within the region around a node tag, if present.

Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class TreeViewOwnerDraw
    Inherits Form

    Private WithEvents myTreeView As TreeView

    ' Create a Font object for the node tags.
    Private tagFont As New Font("Helvetica", 8, FontStyle.Bold)

    Public Sub New()

        ' Create and initialize the TreeView control.
        myTreeView = New TreeView()
        myTreeView.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
        myTreeView.BackColor = Color.Tan
        myTreeView.CheckBoxes = True

        ' Add nodes to the TreeView control.
        Dim node As TreeNode
        Dim x As Integer
        For x = 1 To 3

            ' Add a root node to the TreeView control.
            node = myTreeView.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Task {0}", x))
            Dim y As Integer
            For y = 1 To 3 

                ' Add a child node to the root node.
                node.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Subtask {0}", y))
            Next y
        Next x

        ' Add tags containing alert messages to a few nodes 
        ' and set the node background color to highlight them.
        myTreeView.Nodes(1).Nodes(0).Tag = "urgent!"
        myTreeView.Nodes(1).Nodes(0).BackColor = Color.Yellow
        myTreeView.SelectedNode = myTreeView.Nodes(1).Nodes(0)
        myTreeView.Nodes(2).Nodes(1).Tag = "urgent!"
        myTreeView.Nodes(2).Nodes(1).BackColor = Color.Yellow

        ' Configure the TreeView control for owner-draw.
        myTreeView.DrawMode = TreeViewDrawMode.OwnerDrawText

        ' Add a handler for the MouseDown event so that a node can be 
        ' selected by clicking the tag text as well as the node text.
        AddHandler myTreeView.MouseDown, AddressOf myTreeView_MouseDown

        ' Initialize the form and add the TreeView control to it.
        Me.ClientSize = New Size(292, 273)
    End Sub 'New

    <STAThreadAttribute()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New TreeViewOwnerDraw())
    End Sub 'Main

    ' Draws a node.
    Private Sub myTreeView_DrawNode(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawTreeNodeEventArgs) Handles myTreeView.DrawNode

        ' Draw the background and node text for a selected node.
        If (e.State And TreeNodeStates.Selected) <> 0 Then

            ' Draw the background of the selected node. The NodeBounds
            ' method makes the highlight rectangle large enough to
            ' include the text of a node tag, if one is present.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Green, NodeBounds(e.Node))

            ' Retrieve the node font. If the node font has not been set,
            ' use the TreeView font.
            Dim nodeFont As Font = e.Node.NodeFont
            If nodeFont Is Nothing Then
                nodeFont = CType(sender, TreeView).Font
            End If

            ' Draw the node text.
            e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Node.Text, nodeFont, Brushes.White, _
                e.Bounds.Left - 2, e.Bounds.Top)

        ' Use the default background and node text.
            e.DrawDefault = True
        End If

        ' If a node tag is present, draw its string representation 
        ' to the right of the label text.
        If (e.Node.Tag IsNot Nothing) Then
            e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Node.Tag.ToString(), tagFont, _
                Brushes.Yellow, e.Bounds.Right + 2, e.Bounds.Top)
        End If

        ' If the node has focus, draw the focus rectangle large, making
        ' it large enough to include the text of the node tag, if present.
        If (e.State And TreeNodeStates.Focused) <> 0 Then
            Dim focusPen As New Pen(Color.Black)
                focusPen.DashStyle = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.DashStyle.Dot
                Dim focusBounds As Rectangle = NodeBounds(e.Node)
                focusBounds.Size = New Size(focusBounds.Width - 1, _
                    focusBounds.Height - 1)
                e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(focusPen, focusBounds)
            End Try
        End If

    End Sub 'myTreeView_DrawNode

    ' Selects a node that is clicked on its label or tag text.
    Private Sub myTreeView_MouseDown(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As MouseEventArgs)
        Dim clickedNode As TreeNode = myTreeView.GetNodeAt(e.X, e.Y)
        If NodeBounds(clickedNode).Contains(e.X, e.Y) Then
            myTreeView.SelectedNode = clickedNode
        End If
    End Sub 'myTreeView_MouseDown

    ' Returns the bounds of the specified node, including the region 
    ' occupied by the node label and any node tag displayed.
    Private Function NodeBounds(ByVal node As TreeNode) As Rectangle

        ' Set the return value to the normal node bounds.
        Dim bounds As Rectangle = node.Bounds
        If (node.Tag IsNot Nothing) Then

            ' Retrieve a Graphics object from the TreeView handle
            ' and use it to calculate the display width of the tag.
            Dim g As Graphics = myTreeView.CreateGraphics()
            Dim tagWidth As Integer = CInt(g.MeasureString( _
                node.Tag.ToString(), tagFont).Width) + 6

            ' Adjust the node bounds using the calculated value.
            bounds.Offset(tagWidth \ 2, 0)
            bounds = Rectangle.Inflate(bounds, tagWidth \ 2, 0)
        End If
        Return bounds
    End Function 'NodeBounds

End Class 'TreeViewOwnerDraw 

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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