Export (0) Print
Expand All

DragEventArgs.KeyState Property

Gets the current state of the SHIFT, CTRL, and ALT keys, as well as the state of the mouse buttons.

[Visual Basic]
Public ReadOnly Property KeyState As Integer
[C#]
public int KeyState {get;}
[C++]
public: __property int get_KeyState();
[JScript]
public function get KeyState() : int;

Property Value

The current state of the SHIFT, CTRL, and ALT keys and of the mouse buttons.

Remarks

You can make the effect of a drag-and-drop operation to depend on the state of a particular key. For example, you may decide to copy or move data depending on whether the CTRL or SHIFT keys are pressed during the drag-and-drop operation.

The bits that are set in the KeyState property identify the keys or mouse buttons that were pressed during the operation. For example, if the left mouse button is pressed, the first bit in the KeyState property is set. You can use the bitwise AND operator to test for a given key state.

The following table lists the bits that are set for a specified event.

Bit Key
1 The left mouse button.
2 The right mouse button.
4 The SHIFT key.
8 The CTRL key.
16 The middle mouse button.
32 The ALT key.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example demonstrates a drag-and-drop operation between two ListBox controls. The example calls the DoDragDrop method when the drag action starts. The drag action starts if the mouse has moved more than SystemInformation.DragSize from the mouse location during the MouseDown event. The IndexFromPoint method is used to determine the index of the item to drag during the MouseDown event.

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The example also demonstrates using custom cursors for the drag-and-drop operation. The example assumes that two cursor files, 3dwarro.cur and 3dwno.cur, exist in the application directory, for the custom drag and no-drop cursors, respectively. The custom cursors will be used if the UseCustomCursorsCheck CheckBox is checked. The custom cursors are set in the GiveFeedback event handler.

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The keyboard state is evaluated in the DragOver event handler for the right ListBox, to determine what the drag operation will be based upon state of the SHIFT, CTRL, ALT, or CTRL+ALT keys. The location in the ListBox where the drop would occur is also determined during the DragOver event. If the data to drop is not a String, then the DragEventArgs.Effect is set to DragDropEffects.None. Finally, the status of the drop is displayed in the DropLocationLabel Label.

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The data to drop for the right ListBox is determined in the DragDrop event handler and the String value is added at the appropriate place in the ListBox. If the drag operation moves outside the bounds of the form, then the drag-and-drop operation is canceled in the QueryContinueDrag event handler.

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] This code excerpt demonstrates using the DragEventArgs class. See the DoDragDrop method for the complete code example.

[Visual Basic] 
Private Sub ListDragTarget_DragOver(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DragEventArgs) Handles ListDragTarget.DragOver
    ' Determine whether string data exists in the drop data. If not, then
    ' the drop effect reflects that the drop cannot occur.
    If Not (e.Data.GetDataPresent(GetType(System.String))) Then

        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "None - no string data."
        Return
    End If

    ' Set the effect based upon the KeyState.
    If ((e.KeyState And (8 + 32)) = (8 + 32) And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Link) = DragDropEffects.Link) Then
        ' KeyState 8 + 32 = CTL + ALT

        ' Link drag and drop effect.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link

    ElseIf ((e.KeyState And 32) = 32 And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Link) = DragDropEffects.Link) Then

        ' ALT KeyState for link.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link

    ElseIf ((e.KeyState And 4) = 4 And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Move) = DragDropEffects.Move) Then

        ' SHIFT KeyState for move.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move

    ElseIf ((e.KeyState And 8) = 8 And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Copy) = DragDropEffects.Copy) Then

        ' CTL KeyState for copy.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy

    ElseIf ((e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Move) = DragDropEffects.Move) Then

        ' By default, the drop action should be move, if allowed.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move

    Else
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None
    End If

    ' Gets the index of the item the mouse is below. 

    ' The mouse locations are relative to the screen, so they must be 
    ' converted to client coordinates.

    indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop = _
        ListDragTarget.IndexFromPoint(ListDragTarget.PointToClient(New Point(e.X, e.Y)))

    ' Updates the label text.
    If (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop <> ListBox.NoMatches) Then

        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops before item #" & (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop + 1)
    Else
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops at the end."
    End If

End Sub

[C#] 
private void ListDragTarget_DragOver(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.DragEventArgs e) 
{

    // Determine whether string data exists in the drop data. If not, then
    // the drop effect reflects that the drop cannot occur.
    if (!e.Data.GetDataPresent(typeof(System.String))) {

        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "None - no string data.";
        return;
    }

    // Set the effect based upon the KeyState.
    if ((e.KeyState & (8+32)) == (8+32) && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Link) == DragDropEffects.Link) {
        // KeyState 8 + 32 = CTL + ALT

        // Link drag and drop effect.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 32) == 32 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Link) == DragDropEffects.Link) {

        // ALT KeyState for link.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 4) == 4 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Move) == DragDropEffects.Move) {

        // SHIFT KeyState for move.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 8) == 8 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Copy) == DragDropEffects.Copy) {

        // CTL KeyState for copy.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy;

    } else if ((e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Move) == DragDropEffects.Move)  {

        // By default, the drop action should be move, if allowed.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move;

    } else
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
        
    // Get the index of the item the mouse is below. 

    // The mouse locations are relative to the screen, so they must be 
    // converted to client coordinates.

    indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop = 
        ListDragTarget.IndexFromPoint(ListDragTarget.PointToClient(new Point(e.X, e.Y)));

    // Updates the label text.
    if (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop != ListBox.NoMatches){

        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops before item #" + (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop + 1);
    } else
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops at the end.";

}

[C++] 
private:
   void ListDragTarget_DragOver(Object* /*sender*/, 
      System::Windows::Forms::DragEventArgs* e)
   {

      // Determine whether string data exists in the drop data. If not, then
      // the drop effect reflects that the drop cannot occur.
      if (!e->Data->GetDataPresent(__typeof(System::String))) {

         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::None;
         DropLocationLabel->Text = S"None - no string data.";
         return;
      }

      // Set the effect based upon the KeyState.
      if ((e->KeyState & (8+32)) == (8+32) &&
         (e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Link) == DragDropEffects::Link) 
      {
         // KeyState 8 + 32 = CTL + ALT

         // Link drag and drop effect.
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Link;

      } else if ((e->KeyState & 32) == 32 &&
         (e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Link) == DragDropEffects::Link)
      {

         // ALT KeyState for link.
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Link;

      } else if ((e->KeyState & 4) == 4 &&
         (e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Move) == DragDropEffects::Move)
      {
         // SHIFT KeyState for move.
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Move;

      } else if ((e->KeyState & 8) == 8 &&
         (e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Copy) == DragDropEffects::Copy)
      {
         // CTL KeyState for copy.
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Copy;

      } else if ((e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Move) == DragDropEffects::Move)
      {
         // By default, the drop action should be move, if allowed.
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Move;

      } else
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::None;

      // Get the index of the item the mouse is below.

      // The mouse locations are relative to the screen, so they must be
      // converted to client coordinates.

      indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop =
         ListDragTarget->IndexFromPoint(
         ListDragTarget->PointToClient(Point(e->X, e->Y)));

      // Updates the label text.
      if (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop != ListBox::NoMatches) {

         DropLocationLabel->Text = 
            String::Concat(S"Drops before item # ",
            __box( (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop + 1)));
      } else
         DropLocationLabel->Text = S"Drops at the end.";

   }

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

See Also

DragEventArgs Class | DragEventArgs Members | System.Windows.Forms Namespace

Show:
© 2015 Microsoft