DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs Class


Provides data for the CellErrorTextNeeded event of a DataGridView control.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)


public ref class DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs : DataGridViewCellEventArgs


Gets a value indicating the column index of the cell that the event occurs for.(Inherited from DataGridViewCellEventArgs.)


Gets or sets the message that is displayed when the cell is selected.


Gets a value indicating the row index of the cell that the event occurs for.(Inherited from DataGridViewCellEventArgs.)


Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)


Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)


Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)


Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)


Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)


Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

The CellErrorTextNeeded event occurs only when the DataGridView control DataSource property is set or its VirtualMode property is true. Handling the CellErrorTextNeeded event is useful when you want to determine the error for a cell depending on its value or state.

When you handle the CellErrorTextNeeded event and specify error text in the handler, an error glyph appears in the cell unless the DataGridView::ShowCellErrors property is set to false or the cell is in edit mode. When the user moves the mouse pointer over the error glyph, the error text appears in a ToolTip.

The CellErrorTextNeeded event also occurs whenever the value of the DataGridViewCell::ErrorText property is retrieved.

You can use the DataGridViewCellEventArgs::RowIndex and ColumnIndex property to determine the state or value of a cell, and use this information to change or modify the DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs::ErrorText property. This property is initialized with the value of the cell ErrorText property, which the event value overrides.

Handle the CellErrorTextNeeded event when working with large amounts of data to avoid the performance penalties of setting the cell ErrorText value for multiple cells. For more information, see Best Practices for Scaling the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

For more information about handling events, see NIB: Consuming Events.

In the following code example demonstrates how to create error messages for cells without unsharing rows or causing the cell error to be duplicated over all the shared cells.

ToolStripMenuItem^ wholeTable;
ToolStripMenuItem^ lookUp;
System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip^ strip;
String^ cellErrorText;

void dataGridView1_CellContextMenuStripNeeded( Object^ /*sender*/,
    DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs^ e )
    cellErrorText = String::Empty;
    if ( strip == nullptr )
        strip = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip;
        lookUp->Text = L"Look Up";
        wholeTable->Text = L"See Whole Table";
        strip->Items->Add( lookUp );
        strip->Items->Add( wholeTable );

    e->ContextMenuStrip = strip;

void wholeTable_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
    dataGridView1->DataSource = Populate( L"Select * from employees", true );

DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ theCellImHoveringOver;
void dataGridView1_CellMouseEnter( Object^ /*sender*/, DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ e )
    theCellImHoveringOver = e;

DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ cellErrorLocation;
void lookUp_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
        dataGridView1->DataSource = Populate( String::Format( L"Select * from employees where {0} = '{1}'", dataGridView1->Columns[ theCellImHoveringOver->ColumnIndex ]->Name, dataGridView1->Rows[ theCellImHoveringOver->RowIndex ]->Cells[ theCellImHoveringOver->ColumnIndex ]->Value ), true );
    catch ( ... ) 
        cellErrorText = L"Can't look this cell up";
        cellErrorLocation = theCellImHoveringOver;


void dataGridView1_CellErrorTextNeeded( Object^ /*sender*/, DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs^ e )
    if ( cellErrorLocation != nullptr )
        if ( e->ColumnIndex == cellErrorLocation->ColumnIndex && e->RowIndex == cellErrorLocation->RowIndex )
            e->ErrorText = cellErrorText;

DataTable^ Populate( String^ query, bool resetUnsharedCounter )
    if ( resetUnsharedCounter )

    // Alter the data source as necessary
    SqlDataAdapter^ adapter = gcnew SqlDataAdapter( query,
        gcnew SqlConnection( L"Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;"
        L"Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source= localhost" ) );
    DataTable^ table = gcnew DataTable;
    adapter->Fill( table );
    return table;

Label^ count;
int unsharedRowCounter;
void ResetCounter()
    unsharedRowCounter = 0;
    count->Text = unsharedRowCounter.ToString();

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0

Any public static ( Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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