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DataGridView.RowPrePaint Event

Occurs before a DataGridViewRow is painted

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public event DataGridViewRowPrePaintEventHandler RowPrePaint

You can handle this event alone or in combination with the RowPostPaint event to customize the appearance of rows in the control. You can paint entire rows yourself, or paint specific parts of rows and use the following methods of the DataGridViewRowPrePaintEventArgs class to paint other parts:

You can also use the VisualStyleRenderer class to paint standard controls using the current theme. For more information, see Rendering Controls with Visual Styles. If you are using Visual Studio 2005, you also have access to a large library of standard images that you can use with the DataGridView control.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

The following code example demonstrates how to use a handler for the RowPrePaint event to paint a gradient row background if the row is selected. This example is part of a larger example available in How to: Customize the Appearance of Rows in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

// Paints the custom selection background for selected rows. 
void dataGridView1_RowPrePaint(object sender,
        DataGridViewRowPrePaintEventArgs e)
{
    // Do not automatically paint the focus rectangle.
    e.PaintParts &= ~DataGridViewPaintParts.Focus;

    // Determine whether the cell should be painted 
    // with the custom selection background. 
    if ((e.State & DataGridViewElementStates.Selected) ==
                DataGridViewElementStates.Selected)
    {
        // Calculate the bounds of the row.
        Rectangle rowBounds = new Rectangle(
            this.dataGridView1.RowHeadersWidth, e.RowBounds.Top,
            this.dataGridView1.Columns.GetColumnsWidth(
                DataGridViewElementStates.Visible) -
            this.dataGridView1.HorizontalScrollingOffset + 1,
            e.RowBounds.Height);

        // Paint the custom selection background. 
        using (Brush backbrush =
            new System.Drawing.Drawing2D.LinearGradientBrush(rowBounds,
                this.dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor,
                e.InheritedRowStyle.ForeColor,
                System.Drawing.Drawing2D.LinearGradientMode.Horizontal))
        {
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(backbrush, rowBounds);
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1
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