Control.WndProc Method (Message)

 
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Processes Windows messages.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

<SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand,
	Flags := SecurityPermissionFlag.UnmanagedCode)>
<SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Flags := SecurityPermissionFlag.UnmanagedCode)>
Protected Overridable Sub WndProc (
	ByRef m As Message
)

Parameters

m
Type: System.Windows.Forms.Message

The Windows Message to process.

All messages are sent to the WndProc method after getting filtered through the PreProcessMessage method.

The WndProc method corresponds exactly to the Windows WindowProc function. For more information about processing Windows messages, see the WindowProc function.

Notes to Inheritors:

Inheriting controls should call the base class's WndProc method to process any messages that they do not handle.

The following code example demonstrates overriding the WndProc method to handle operating system messages identified in the Message structure. TheWM_ACTIVATEAPPoperating system message is handled in this example to know when another application is becoming active. See the following topics to understand the available Message.Msg, Message.LParam, and Message.WParam values. Actual constant values can be found in the Windows.h header file.

Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Namespace csTempWindowsApplication1

    Public Class Form1
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

        ' Constant value was found in the "windows.h" header file.
        Private Const WM_ACTIVATEAPP As Integer = &H1C
        Private appActive As Boolean = True

        <STAThread()> _
        Shared Sub Main()
            Application.Run(New Form1())
        End Sub 'Main

        Public Sub New()
            MyBase.New()

            Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(300, 300)
            Me.Text = "Form1"
            Me.Font = New System.Drawing.Font("Microsoft Sans Serif", 18.0!, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold, System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, CType(0, Byte))
        End Sub

        Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)

            ' Paint a string in different styles depending on whether the
            ' application is active.
            If (appActive) Then
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(SystemBrushes.ActiveCaption, 20, 20, 260, 50)
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Application is active", Me.Font, SystemBrushes.ActiveCaptionText, 20, 20)
            Else
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(SystemBrushes.InactiveCaption, 20, 20, 260, 50)
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Application is Inactive", Me.Font, SystemBrushes.ActiveCaptionText, 20, 20)
            End If
        End Sub
	<System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSetAttribute(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
        Protected Overrides Sub WndProc(ByRef m As Message)
            ' Listen for operating system messages
            Select Case (m.Msg)
                ' The WM_ACTIVATEAPP message occurs when the application
                ' becomes the active application or becomes inactive.
            Case WM_ACTIVATEAPP

                    ' The WParam value identifies what is occurring.
                    appActive = (m.WParam.ToInt32() <> 0)

                    ' Invalidate to get new text painted.
                    Me.Invalidate()

            End Select
            MyBase.WndProc(m)
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

SecurityPermission

for inheriting classes to call unmanaged code. Associated enumeration: SecurityPermissionFlag.UnmanagedCode.

SecurityPermission

for the immediate caller to call unmanaged code. Associated enumeration: SecurityPermissionFlag.UnmanagedCode.

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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