Control::OnPaint Method (PaintEventArgs^)

 

Raises the Paint event.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

protected:
virtual void OnPaint(
	PaintEventArgs^ e
)

Parameters

e
Type: System.Windows.Forms::PaintEventArgs^

A PaintEventArgs that contains the event data.

Raising an event invokes the event handler through a delegate. For more information, see Handling and Raising Events.

The OnPaint method also enables derived classes to handle the event without attaching a delegate. This is the preferred technique for handling the event in a derived class.

Notes to Inheritors:

When overriding OnPaint in a derived class, be sure to call the base class's OnPaint method so that registered delegates receive the event.

The following code example enables the user to drag an image or image file onto the form, and have it be displayed at the point on which it is dropped. The OnPaint method is overridden to repaint the image each time the form is painted; otherwise the image would only persist until the next repainting. The DragEnter event-handling method determines the type of data being dragged into the form and provides the appropriate feedback. The DragDrop event-handling method displays the image on the form, if an Image can be created from the data. Because the DragEventArgs::X and DragEventArgs::Y values are screen coordinates, the example uses the PointToClient method to convert them to client coordinates.

private:
   Image^ picture;
   Point pictureLocation;

public:
   Form1()
   {

      // Enable drag-and-drop operations and
      // add handlers for DragEnter and DragDrop.
      this->AllowDrop = true;
      this->DragDrop += gcnew DragEventHandler( this, &Form1::Form1_DragDrop );
      this->DragEnter += gcnew DragEventHandler( this, &Form1::Form1_DragEnter );
   }

protected:
   virtual void OnPaint( PaintEventArgs^ e ) override
   {

      // If there is an image and it has a location,
      // paint it when the Form is repainted.
      Form::OnPaint( e );
      if ( this->picture != nullptr && this->pictureLocation != Point::Empty )
      {
         e->Graphics->DrawImage( this->picture, this->pictureLocation );
      }
   }

private:
   void Form1_DragDrop( Object^ /*sender*/, DragEventArgs^ e )
   {

      // Handle FileDrop data.
      if ( e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::FileDrop ) )
      {
         // Assign the file names to a String* array, in
         // case the user has selected multiple files.
         array<String^>^files = (array<String^>^)e->Data->GetData( DataFormats::FileDrop );
         try
         {
            // Assign the first image to the picture variable.
            this->picture = Image::FromFile( files[ 0 ] );

            // Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
            this->pictureLocation = this->PointToClient( Point(e->X,e->Y) );
         }
         catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
         {
            MessageBox::Show( ex->Message );
            return;
         }

      }

      // Handle Bitmap data.
      if ( e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::Bitmap ) )
      {
         try
         {
            // Create an Image and assign it to the picture variable.
            this->picture = dynamic_cast<Image^>(e->Data->GetData( DataFormats::Bitmap ));

            // Set the picture location equal to the drop point.
            this->pictureLocation = this->PointToClient( Point(e->X,e->Y) );
         }
         catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
         {
            MessageBox::Show( ex->Message );
            return;
         }
      }

      // Force the form to be redrawn with the image.
      this->Invalidate();
   }

   void Form1_DragEnter( Object^ /*sender*/, DragEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // If the data is a file or a bitmap, display the copy cursor.
      if ( e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::Bitmap ) || e->Data->GetDataPresent( DataFormats::FileDrop ) )
      {
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Copy;
      }
      else
      {
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::None;
      }
   }
   // This example creates a PictureBox control on the form and draws to it.
   // This example assumes that the Form_Load event handler method is
   // connected to the Load event of the form.
private:
   PictureBox^ pictureBox1;
   void Form1_Load( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      pictureBox1 = gcnew PictureBox;

      // Dock the PictureBox to the form and set its background to white.
      pictureBox1->Dock = DockStyle::Fill;
      pictureBox1->BackColor = Color::White;

      // Connect the Paint event of the PictureBox to the event handler method.
      pictureBox1->Paint += gcnew System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventHandler( this, &Form1::pictureBox1_Paint );

      // Add the PictureBox control to the Form.
      this->Controls->Add( pictureBox1 );
   }

   void pictureBox1_Paint( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::PaintEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Create a local version of the graphics object for the PictureBox.
      Graphics^ g = e->Graphics;

      // Draw a string on the PictureBox.
      g->DrawString( "This is a diagonal line drawn on the control",
         gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Arial",10 ), System::Drawing::Brushes::Blue, Point(30,30) );

      // Draw a line in the PictureBox.
      g->DrawLine( System::Drawing::Pens::Red, pictureBox1->Left, pictureBox1->Top,
         pictureBox1->Right, pictureBox1->Bottom );
   }

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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