ComboBox::MeasureItem Event

 

Occurs each time an owner-drawn ComboBox item needs to be drawn and when the sizes of the list items are determined.

Namespace:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public:
event MeasureItemEventHandler^ MeasureItem {
	void add(MeasureItemEventHandler^ value);
	void remove(MeasureItemEventHandler^ value);
}

You can create an event handler for this event to specify the size an item is made before it is drawn in the DrawItem event.

For more information about handling events, see Handling and Raising Events.

The following code example demonstrates how to create an owner-drawn combo box by setting the DrawMode property to OwnerDrawnVariable and handling the DrawItem and MeasureItem events. It also demonstrates setting the DropDownWidth and DropDownStyle properties. To run the example, paste the following code in a form. Call the InitializeComboBox method in the form's constructor or Load event.

internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox^ ComboBox1;

private:
   array<String^>^ animals;

   // This method initializes the owner-drawn combo box.
   // The drop-down width is set much wider than the size of the combo box
   // to accomodate the large items in the list.  The drop-down style is set to 
   // ComboBox.DropDown, which requires the user to click on the arrow to 
   // see the list.
   void InitializeComboBox()
   {
      this->ComboBox1 = gcnew ComboBox;
      this->ComboBox1->DrawMode = System::Windows::Forms::DrawMode::OwnerDrawVariable;
      this->ComboBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 10, 20 );
      this->ComboBox1->Name = "ComboBox1";
      this->ComboBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 100, 120 );
      this->ComboBox1->DropDownWidth = 250;
      this->ComboBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->ComboBox1->DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle::DropDown;
      animals = gcnew array<String^>{"Elephant","c r o c o d i l e","lion"};
      ComboBox1->DataSource = animals;
      this->Controls->Add( this->ComboBox1 );

      // Hook up the MeasureItem and DrawItem events
      this->ComboBox1->DrawItem +=
         gcnew DrawItemEventHandler( this, &Form1::ComboBox1_DrawItem );
      this->ComboBox1->MeasureItem +=
         gcnew MeasureItemEventHandler( this, &Form1::ComboBox1_MeasureItem );
   }

   // If you set the Draw property to DrawMode.OwnerDrawVariable, 
   // you must handle the MeasureItem event. This event handler 
   // will set the height and width of each item before it is drawn. 
private:
   void ComboBox1_MeasureItem( Object^ sender,
      System::Windows::Forms::MeasureItemEventArgs^ e )
   {
      switch ( e->Index )
      {
         case 0:
            e->ItemHeight = 45;
            break;
         case 1:
            e->ItemHeight = 20;
            break;
         case 2:
            e->ItemHeight = 35;
            break;
      }
      e->ItemWidth = 260;
   }

private:
   // You must handle the DrawItem event for owner-drawn combo boxes.  
   // This event handler changes the color, size and font of an 
   // item based on its position in the array.
   void ComboBox1_DrawItem( Object^ sender,
      System::Windows::Forms::DrawItemEventArgs^ e )
   {
      float size = 0;
      System::Drawing::Font^ myFont;
      FontFamily^ family = nullptr;

      System::Drawing::Color animalColor;
      switch ( e->Index )
      {
         case 0:
            size = 30;
            animalColor = System::Drawing::Color::Gray;
            family = FontFamily::GenericSansSerif;
            break;
         case 1:
            size = 10;
            animalColor = System::Drawing::Color::LawnGreen;
            family = FontFamily::GenericMonospace;
            break;
         case 2:
            size = 15;
            animalColor = System::Drawing::Color::Tan;
            family = FontFamily::GenericSansSerif;
            break;
      }

      // Draw the background of the item.
      e->DrawBackground();

      // Create a square filled with the animals color. Vary the size
      // of the rectangle based on the length of the animals name.
      Rectangle rectangle = Rectangle( 2, e->Bounds.Top + 2,
         e->Bounds.Height, e->Bounds.Height - 4 );
      e->Graphics->FillRectangle( gcnew SolidBrush( animalColor ), rectangle );

      // Draw each string in the array, using a different size, color,
      // and font for each item.
      myFont = gcnew System::Drawing::Font( family, size, FontStyle::Bold );
      e->Graphics->DrawString( animals[ e->Index ], myFont,
         System::Drawing::Brushes::Black, RectangleF(
            e->Bounds.X + rectangle.Width, e->Bounds.Y,
            e->Bounds.Width, e->Bounds.Height) );

      // Draw the focus rectangle if the mouse hovers over an item.
      e->DrawFocusRectangle();
   }

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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