Binding Class


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Provides high-level access to the definition of a binding, which connects the properties of binding target objects (typically, WPF elements), and any data source (for example, a database, an XML file, or any object that contains data).

Namespace:   System.Windows.Data
Assembly:  PresentationFramework (in PresentationFramework.dll)

public class Binding : BindingBase


Initializes a new instance of the Binding class.


Initializes a new instance of the Binding class with an initial path.


This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Gets or sets opaque data passed to the asynchronous data dispatcher.


Gets or sets the name of the BindingGroup to which this binding belongs.(Inherited from BindingBase.)


Gets or sets a value that indicates whether to evaluate the Path relative to the data item or the DataSourceProvider object.


Gets or sets the converter to use.


Gets or sets the culture in which to evaluate the converter.


Gets or sets the parameter to pass to the Converter.


Gets or sets the amount of time, in milliseconds, to wait before updating the binding source after the value on the target changes.(Inherited from BindingBase.)


Gets or sets the name of the element to use as the binding source object.


Gets or sets the value to use when the binding is unable to return a value.(Inherited from BindingBase.)


Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the Binding should get and set values asynchronously.


Gets or sets a value that indicates the direction of the data flow in the binding.


Gets or sets a value that indicates whether to raise the SourceUpdated event when a value is transferred from the binding target to the binding source.


Gets or sets a value that indicates whether to raise the TargetUpdated event when a value is transferred from the binding source to the binding target.


Gets or sets a value that indicates whether to raise the Error attached event on the bound object.


Gets or sets the path to the binding source property.


Gets or sets the binding source by specifying its location relative to the position of the binding target.


Gets or sets the object to use as the binding source.


Gets or sets a string that specifies how to format the binding if it displays the bound value as a string.(Inherited from BindingBase.)


Gets or sets the value that is used in the target when the value of the source is null.(Inherited from BindingBase.)


Gets or sets a handler you can use to provide custom logic for handling exceptions that the binding engine encounters during the update of the binding source value. This is only applicable if you have associated an ExceptionValidationRule with your binding.


Gets or sets a value that determines the timing of binding source updates.


Gets or sets a value that indicates whether to include the DataErrorValidationRule.


Gets or sets a value that indicates whether to include the ExceptionValidationRule.


Gets or sets a value that indicates whether to include the NotifyDataErrorValidationRule.


Gets a collection of rules that check the validity of the user input.


Gets or sets an XPath query that returns the value on the XML binding source to use.


Gets or sets the XmlNamespaceManager used to perform namespace-aware XPath queries in XML bindings.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticAddSourceUpdatedHandler(DependencyObject, EventHandler<DataTransferEventArgs>)

Adds a handler for the SourceUpdated attached event.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticAddTargetUpdatedHandler(DependencyObject, EventHandler<DataTransferEventArgs>)

Adds a handler for the TargetUpdated attached event.


Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)


Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)


Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)


Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)


Returns an XML namespace manager object used by the binding attached to the specified object.


Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)


Returns an object that should be set on the property where this binding and extension are applied.(Inherited from BindingBase.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticRemoveSourceUpdatedHandler(DependencyObject, EventHandler<DataTransferEventArgs>)

Removes a handler for the SourceUpdated attached event.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticRemoveTargetUpdatedHandler(DependencyObject, EventHandler<DataTransferEventArgs>)

Removes a handler for the TargetUpdated attached event.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSystem_CAPS_staticSetXmlNamespaceManager(DependencyObject, XmlNamespaceManager)

Sets a namespace manager object used by the binding attached to the provided element.


Returns a value that indicates whether serialization processes should serialize the effective value of the FallbackValue property on instances of this class.(Inherited from BindingBase.)


Indicates whether the Path property should be persisted.


Indicates whether the Source property should be persisted.


Returns a value that indicates whether the TargetNullValue property should be serialized.(Inherited from BindingBase.)


Indicates whether the ValidationRules property should be persisted.


Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)


Used as a returned value to instruct the binding engine not to perform any action.


Used as the PropertyName of System.ComponentModel.PropertyChangedEventArgs to indicate that an indexer property has changed.


Identifies the SourceUpdated attached event.


Identifies the TargetUpdated attached event.


Identifies the XmlNamespaceManager attached property.


Occurs when a value is transferred from the binding target to the binding source, but only for bindings with the NotifyOnSourceUpdated value set to true.


Occurs when a value is transferred from the binding source to the binding target, but only for bindings with the NotifyOnTargetUpdated value set to true.

Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) data binding provides a simple and consistent way for applications to present and interact with data. Data binding enables you to synchronize the values of the properties of two different objects.

To establish a binding, use the Binding class or one of the other classes that inherit BindingBase. Regardless of what object you are binding and the nature of your data source, each binding follows the model illustrated by the following figure.

Basic data binding diagram

The figure demonstrates the following fundamental WPF data binding concepts.

  • Each binding typically has these four components: a binding target object, a target property, a binding source, and a Path to the value in the binding source to use. For example, if you want to bind the content of a TextBox to the Name property of an Employee object, your target object is the TextBox, the target property is the Text property, the value to use is Name, and the source object is the Employee object.

  • The target property must be a dependency property. This also means that you cannot bind a field. Most properties of UIElement objects are dependency properties and most dependency properties, except read-only ones, support data binding by default. (Only DependencyObject types can define dependency properties and all UIElement objects derive from DependencyObject.)

  • Although not specified in the figure, it should be noted that the binding source object is not restricted to being a custom CLR object. WPF data binding supports data in the form of CLR objects and XML. To provide some examples, your binding source may be a UIElement, any list object, a CLR object that is associated with ADO.NET data or Web Services, or an XmlNode that contains your XML data.

Use the Mode property to specify the direction of the data flow. To detect source changes in one-way or two-way bindings, the source must implement a suitable property change notification mechanism such as INotifyPropertyChanged. For an example, see How to: Implement Property Change Notification. The UpdateSourceTrigger property specifies the timing of source updates. For more information, see "Basic Data Binding Concepts" in Data Binding Overview.

<object property="{Binding declaration}"/>


Zero or more attribute-assignment clauses separated by commas (,). For more information, see Binding Markup Extension or Binding Declarations Overview.

.NET Framework
Available since 3.0
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0

Any public static ( Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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