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RangeFromChild Method
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TextPattern.RangeFromChild Method

Retrieves a text range enclosing a child element such as an image, hyperlink, Microsoft Excel spreadsheet, or other embedded object. 

Namespace:  System.Windows.Automation
Assembly:  UIAutomationClient (in UIAutomationClient.dll)

public TextPatternRange RangeFromChild(
	AutomationElement childElement


Type: System.Windows.Automation.AutomationElement

The enclosed object.

Return Value

Type: System.Windows.Automation.Text.TextPatternRange
A range that spans the child element.


The child element is null.


The element is not a child of the text container.

If there is no text in the range where the child element exists, a degenerate (empty) range is returned.

The childElement parameter is either a child of the AutomationElement associated with a TextPattern or from the array of children of a TextPatternRange.

/// ------------------------------------------------------------------- 
/// <summary> 
/// Obtain the text control of interest from the target application. 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="targetApp">
/// The target application. 
/// </param> 
/// <returns> 
/// An AutomationElement that represents a text provider.. 
/// </returns> 
/// ------------------------------------------------------------------- 
private AutomationElement GetTextElement(AutomationElement targetApp)
    // The control type we're looking for; in this case 'Document'
    PropertyCondition cond1 =
        new PropertyCondition(

    // The control pattern of interest; in this case 'TextPattern'.
    PropertyCondition cond2 = 
        new PropertyCondition(

    AndCondition textCondition = new AndCondition(cond1, cond2);

    AutomationElement targetTextElement =
        targetApp.FindFirst(TreeScope.Descendants, textCondition);

    // If targetText is null then a suitable text control was not found. 
    return targetTextElement;


/// ------------------------------------------------------------------- 
/// <summary> 
/// Obtains a text range spanning an embedded child  
/// of a document control and displays the content of the range. 
/// </summary> 
/// <param name="targetTextElement">
/// The AutomationElment that represents a text control. 
/// </param> 
/// ------------------------------------------------------------------- 
private void GetRangeFromChild(AutomationElement targetTextElement)
    TextPattern textPattern =
        as TextPattern;

    if (textPattern == null)
        // Target control doesn't support TextPattern. 

    // Obtain a text range spanning the entire document.
    TextPatternRange textRange = textPattern.DocumentRange;

    // Retrieve the embedded objects within the range.
    AutomationElement[] embeddedObjects = textRange.GetChildren();

    // Retrieve and display text value of embedded object. 
    foreach (AutomationElement embeddedObject in embeddedObjects)
        if ((bool)embeddedObject.GetCurrentPropertyValue(
           // For full functionality a secondary TextPattern should 
           // be obtained from the embedded object. 
           // embeddedObject must be a child of the text provider.
            TextPatternRange embeddedObjectRange =
            // GetText(-1) retrieves all text in the range. 
            // Typically a more limited amount of text would be  
            // retrieved for performance and security reasons.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1
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