GetWebPart Method

DeclarativeCatalogPart.GetWebPart Method (WebPartDescription)

 

Returns a reference to a WebPart control based on the value of the description passed into the method.

Namespace:   System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public override WebPart GetWebPart(
	WebPartDescription description
)

Parameters

description
Type: System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.WebPartDescription

A WebPartDescription that contains details about the control.

Return Value

Type: System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.WebPart

A WebPart control whose description matches the values in description.

Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

Description is null.

ArgumentException

Description is not an available WebPartDescription instance.

The GetWebPart method returns a reference to a WebPart control whose description details match the values of the WebPartDescription object passed into the method. Typically, this method is used together with the GetAvailableWebPartDescriptions method, which is used to retrieve the descriptions of all the controls in the catalog. Individual WebPart controls can then be retrieved or manipulated as needed by passing individual WebPartDescription objects to the GetWebPart method.

The following code example shows how to use the GetWebPart method. This example has four parts:

  • A user control that enables you to change display modes on a Web Parts page.

  • A source code file that contains two custom WebPart controls.

  • A Web page that contains a CatalogZone control and a DeclarativeCatalogPart control that references several server controls. The page also contains the event-handling code that calls the GetWebPart method.

  • An explanation of how the example works when you load the page in a browser.

The first part of this code example is the user control that enables users to change display modes on a Web page. For details about display modes and a description of the source code in this control, see Walkthrough: Changing Display Modes on a Web Parts Page.

<%@ control language="C#" classname="DisplayModeMenuCS"%>
<script runat="server">

 // Use a field to reference the current WebPartManager.
  WebPartManager _manager;

  void Page_Init(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    Page.InitComplete += new EventHandler(InitComplete);

  }  

  void InitComplete(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
    _manager = WebPartManager.GetCurrentWebPartManager(Page);

    String browseModeName = WebPartManager.BrowseDisplayMode.Name;

    // Fill the dropdown with the names of supported display modes.
    foreach (WebPartDisplayMode mode in _manager.SupportedDisplayModes)
    {
      String modeName = mode.Name;
      // Make sure a mode is enabled before adding it.
      if (mode.IsEnabled(_manager))
      {
        ListItem item = new ListItem(modeName, modeName);
        DisplayModeDropdown.Items.Add(item);
      }
    }

    // If shared scope is allowed for this user, display the scope-switching
    // UI and select the appropriate radio button for the current user scope.
    if (_manager.Personalization.CanEnterSharedScope)
    {
      Panel2.Visible = true;
      if (_manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.User)
        RadioButton1.Checked = true;
      else
        RadioButton2.Checked = true;
    }

  }

  // Change the page to the selected display mode.
  void DisplayModeDropdown_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    String selectedMode = DisplayModeDropdown.SelectedValue;

    WebPartDisplayMode mode = _manager.SupportedDisplayModes[selectedMode];
    if (mode != null)
      _manager.DisplayMode = mode;
  }

  // Set the selected item equal to the current display mode.
  void Page_PreRender(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    ListItemCollection items = DisplayModeDropdown.Items;
    int selectedIndex = 
      items.IndexOf(items.FindByText(_manager.DisplayMode.Name));
    DisplayModeDropdown.SelectedIndex = selectedIndex;
  }

  // Reset all of a user's personalization data for the page.
  protected void LinkButton1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    _manager.Personalization.ResetPersonalizationState();
  }

  // If not in User personalization scope, toggle into it.
  protected void RadioButton1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (_manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.Shared)
      _manager.Personalization.ToggleScope();
  }

  // If not in Shared scope, and if user is allowed, toggle the scope.
  protected void RadioButton2_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (_manager.Personalization.CanEnterSharedScope && 
        _manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.User)
      _manager.Personalization.ToggleScope();
  }
</script>
<div>
  <asp:Panel ID="Panel1" runat="server" 
    Borderwidth="1" 
    Width="230" 
    BackColor="lightgray"
    Font-Names="Verdana, Arial, Sans Serif" >
    <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" 
      Text="&nbsp;Display Mode" 
      Font-Bold="true"
      Font-Size="8"
      Width="120" 
      AssociatedControlID="DisplayModeDropdown"/>
    <asp:DropDownList ID="DisplayModeDropdown" runat="server"  
      AutoPostBack="true" 
      Width="120"
      OnSelectedIndexChanged="DisplayModeDropdown_SelectedIndexChanged" />
    <asp:LinkButton ID="LinkButton1" runat="server"
      Text="Reset User State" 
      ToolTip="Reset the current user's personalization data for the page."
      Font-Size="8" 
      OnClick="LinkButton1_Click" />
    <asp:Panel ID="Panel2" runat="server" 
      GroupingText="Personalization Scope"
      Font-Bold="true"
      Font-Size="8" 
      Visible="false" >
      <asp:RadioButton ID="RadioButton1" runat="server" 
        Text="User" 
        AutoPostBack="true"
        GroupName="Scope" OnCheckedChanged="RadioButton1_CheckedChanged" />
      <asp:RadioButton ID="RadioButton2" runat="server" 
        Text="Shared" 
        AutoPostBack="true"
        GroupName="Scope" 
        OnCheckedChanged="RadioButton2_CheckedChanged" />
    </asp:Panel>
  </asp:Panel>
</div>

The second part of the code example is the source code for the two custom WebPart controls. For the code example to run, you must compile this source code. You can compile it explicitly and put the resulting assembly in your Web site's Bin folder or the global assembly cache. Alternatively, you can put the source code in your site's App_Code folder, where it will be dynamically compiled at run time. For a walkthrough that demonstrates both methods of compiling, see Walkthrough: Developing and Using a Custom Web Server Control.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls
{
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public class UserInfoWebPart : WebPart
  {
    HttpServerUtility server = HttpContext.Current.Server;
    private String _userNickName = "Add a nickname.";
    private String _userPetName = "Add a pet's name.";
    private DateTime _userSpecialDate = DateTime.Now;
    private Boolean _userIsCurrent = true;
    private JobTypeName _userJobType = JobTypeName.Unselected;
    public enum JobTypeName
    {
      Unselected = 0,
      Support = 1,
      Service = 2,
      Professional = 3, 
      Technical = 4,
      Manager = 5,
      Executive = 6
    }
    Label NickNameLabel;
    Label PetNameLabel;
    Label SpecialDateLabel;
    CheckBox IsCurrentCheckBox;
    Label JobTypeLabel;

    // Add the Personalizable and WebBrowsable attributes to the  
    // public properties, so that users can save property values  
    // and edit them with a PropertyGridEditorPart control.
    [Personalizable(), WebBrowsable, WebDisplayName("Nickname")]
    public String NickName
    {
      get 
      { 
        object o = ViewState["NickName"];
        if (o != null)
          return (string)o;
        else
          return _userNickName;        
      } 

      set { _userNickName = server.HtmlEncode(value); }
    }

    [Personalizable(), WebBrowsable, WebDisplayName("Pet Name")]
    public String PetName
    {
      get 
      { 
        object o = ViewState["PetName"];
        if (o != null)
          return (string)o;
        else
          return _userPetName;        
      }

      set { _userPetName = server.HtmlEncode(value); }
    }

    [Personalizable(), WebBrowsable(), WebDisplayName("Special Day")]
    public DateTime SpecialDay
    {
      get
      {
        object o = ViewState["SpecialDay"];
        if (o != null)
          return (DateTime)o;
        else
          return _userSpecialDate;

      }

      set { _userSpecialDate = value; }
    }

    [Personalizable(), WebBrowsable(), WebDisplayName("Job Type")]
    public JobTypeName UserJobType
    {
      get
      {
        object o = ViewState["UserJobType"];
        if (o != null)
          return (JobTypeName)o;
        else
          return _userJobType;
      }

      set { _userJobType = (JobTypeName)value; }
    }

    [Personalizable(), WebBrowsable(), WebDisplayName("Is Current")]
    public Boolean IsCurrent
    {
      get
      {
        object o = ViewState["IsCurrent"];
        if (o != null)
          return (Boolean)o;
        else
          return _userIsCurrent;
      }

      set { _userIsCurrent = value; }
    }


    protected override void CreateChildControls()
    {
      Controls.Clear();

      NickNameLabel = new Label();
      NickNameLabel.Text = this.NickName;
      SetControlAttributes(NickNameLabel);

      PetNameLabel = new Label();
      PetNameLabel.Text = this.PetName;
      SetControlAttributes(PetNameLabel);

      SpecialDateLabel = new Label();
      SpecialDateLabel.Text = this.SpecialDay.ToShortDateString();
      SetControlAttributes(SpecialDateLabel);

      IsCurrentCheckBox = new CheckBox();
      IsCurrentCheckBox.Checked = this.IsCurrent;
      SetControlAttributes(IsCurrentCheckBox);

      JobTypeLabel = new Label();
      JobTypeLabel.Text = this.UserJobType.ToString();
      SetControlAttributes(JobTypeLabel);

      ChildControlsCreated = true;

    }

    private void SetControlAttributes(WebControl ctl)
    {
      ctl.BackColor = Color.White;
      ctl.BorderWidth = 1;
      ctl.Width = 200;
      this.Controls.Add(ctl);
    }

    protected override void RenderContents(HtmlTextWriter writer)
    {
      writer.Write("Nickname:");
      writer.WriteBreak();
      NickNameLabel.RenderControl(writer);
      writer.WriteBreak();
      writer.Write("Pet Name:");
      writer.WriteBreak();
      PetNameLabel.RenderControl(writer);
      writer.WriteBreak();
      writer.Write("Special Date:");
      writer.WriteBreak();
      SpecialDateLabel.RenderControl(writer);
      writer.WriteBreak();
      writer.Write("Job Type:");
      writer.WriteBreak();
      JobTypeLabel.RenderControl(writer);
      writer.WriteBreak();
      writer.Write("Current:");
      writer.WriteBreak();
      IsCurrentCheckBox.RenderControl(writer);
    }
  }


  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public class TextDisplayWebPart : WebPart
  {
    private String _contentText = null;
    TextBox input;
    Label DisplayContent;
    Literal lineBreak;

    [Personalizable(), WebBrowsable]
    public String ContentText
    {
      get { return _contentText; }
      set { _contentText = value; }
    }

    protected override void CreateChildControls()
    {
      Controls.Clear();
      DisplayContent = new Label();
      DisplayContent.BackColor = Color.LightBlue;
      DisplayContent.Text = this.ContentText;
      this.Controls.Add(DisplayContent);

      lineBreak = new Literal();
      lineBreak.Text = @"<br />";
      Controls.Add(lineBreak);

      input = new TextBox();
      this.Controls.Add(input);
      Button update = new Button();
      update.Text = "Set Label Content";
      update.Click += new EventHandler(this.submit_Click);
      this.Controls.Add(update);

    }

    private void submit_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
      // Update the label string.
      if (input.Text != String.Empty)
      {
        _contentText = input.Text + @"<br />";
        input.Text = String.Empty;
        DisplayContent.Text = this.ContentText;
      }
    }

  }

}

The third part of the example is the Web page that contains the DeclarativeCatalogPart control. Notice that the Button2_Click method obtains the descriptions of the WebPart controls in the catalog, calls the GetWebPart method to retrieve a control that matches the description of the third control in the collection, and then adds that control to the page.

<%@ page language="c#" %>
<%@ register TagPrefix="uc1" 
  TagName="DisplayModeMenuCS" 
  Src="DisplayModeMenuCS.ascx" %>
<%@ register tagprefix="aspSample" 
  Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls" 
  Assembly="UserInfoWebPartCS" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    Button1.Visible = false;
    Button2.Visible = false;
    Label1.Visible = false;
  }

  protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    WebPartDescriptionCollection descriptions =
      DeclarativeCatalogPart1.GetAvailableWebPartDescriptions();
    StringBuilder descriptionContent = new StringBuilder();
    foreach (WebPartDescription description in descriptions)
    {
      descriptionContent.AppendLine("<div><br /><strong>" + description.Title + 
        "</strong><br />");
      descriptionContent.AppendLine("&nbsp;ID: " + description.ID + "<br />");
      descriptionContent.AppendLine("&nbsp;Description: " + 
        description.Description + "<br /></div><hr />");
    }

    Label1.Text = "<h3>Catalog Contents</h3>" + descriptionContent.ToString();    
  }

  protected void Button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    WebPartDescriptionCollection descriptions = 
      DeclarativeCatalogPart1.GetAvailableWebPartDescriptions();

    WebPart partToAdd = DeclarativeCatalogPart1.GetWebPart(descriptions[2]);
    WebPartManager1.AddWebPart(partToAdd, zone1, 0);   
  }

  protected void DeclarativeCatalogPart1_PreRender(object sender,
    EventArgs e)
  {
    Button1.Visible = true;
    Button2.Visible = true;
    Label1.Visible = true;
  }

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>
      DeclarativeCatalogPart Control
    </title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
      <asp:webpartmanager id="WebPartManager1" runat="server"  />
      <uc1:DisplayModeMenuCS ID="DisplayModeMenu1" runat="server" />
      <asp:webpartzone id="zone1" runat="server" >
        <PartTitleStyle BorderWidth="1" 
          Font-Names="Verdana, Arial"
          Font-Size="110%"
          BackColor="LightBlue" />
        <zonetemplate>
          <asp:BulletedList ID="BulletedList1" 
            Runat="server"
            DisplayMode="HyperLink"
            Title="Favorites">
            <asp:ListItem Value="http://msdn.microsoft.com">
              MSDN
            </asp:ListItem>
            <asp:ListItem Value="http://www.asp.net">
              ASP.NET
            </asp:ListItem>
            <asp:ListItem Value="http://www.msn.com">
              MSN
            </asp:ListItem>
          </asp:BulletedList>
        </zonetemplate>
      </asp:webpartzone> 
      <div>
      <hr />
      <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" 
        Text="Display WebPart descriptions" 
        OnClick="Button1_Click" />
      <br />
      <asp:Button ID="Button2" runat="server" 
        Text="Add TextDisplayWebPart" OnClick="Button2_Click" />
      <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" Text="" />
      </div>
      <asp:CatalogZone ID="CatalogZone1" runat="server">
        <ZoneTemplate>
          <asp:DeclarativeCatalogPart ID="DeclarativeCatalogPart1"  
            runat="server" 
            Title="Web Parts Catalog"
            ChromeType="TitleOnly" 
            Description="Contains a user control with Web Parts and 
              an ASP.NET Calendar control." 
            OnPreRender="DeclarativeCatalogPart1_PreRender">
            <WebPartsTemplate>
              <asp:Calendar ID="Calendar1" runat="server" 
                Title="My Calendar" 
                Description="ASP.NET Calendar control used as a personal 
                  calendar." />
              <aspSample:UserInfoWebPart 
                runat="server"   
                id="userinfo1" 
                title = "User Information WebPart"
                Description ="Contains custom, editable user information 
                  for display on a page." />
              <aspSample:TextDisplayWebPart 
                runat="server"   
                id="TextDisplayWebPart1" 
                title = "Text Display WebPart" 
                Description="Contains a label where users can dynamically 
                  update the text." />
            </WebPartsTemplate>              
          </asp:DeclarativeCatalogPart>
        </ZoneTemplate>
      </asp:CatalogZone>
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

When you load the page in a browser, select Catalog Mode in the Display Mode drop-down list control to switch to catalog mode. In catalog mode, you can see the controls that are available to be added to the page. If you click the Add TextDisplayWebPart button, the control is added to the page without your having to add it through the normal catalog user interface (UI). Use the Display Mode drop-down list to return the page to normal browse mode; the control you added is visible on the page.

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
Return to top
Show:
© 2016 Microsoft