SqlDataSourceView.InsertCommandType Property

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the text in the InsertCommand property is a SQL statement or the name of a stored procedure.

Namespace: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public SqlDataSourceCommandType InsertCommandType { get; set; }
/** @property */
public SqlDataSourceCommandType get_InsertCommandType ()

/** @property */
public void set_InsertCommandType (SqlDataSourceCommandType value)

public function get InsertCommandType () : SqlDataSourceCommandType

public function set InsertCommandType (value : SqlDataSourceCommandType)

Not applicable.

Property Value

One of the SqlDataSourceCommandType values. The value is the Text value.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

The selected value is not one of the SqlDataSourceCommandType values.

The value of the InsertCommandType property is stored in view state.

The following code example demonstrates how to retrieve data from Microsoft SQL Server, display it in a GridView control, and use a DetailsView control to see details of a selected row in the GridView and as a form to insert new records.

The GridView control displays a set of data and the DetailsView control displays the details for a particular row. If you click the automatically generated Insert button of the DetailsView control, the DetailsView shows a different user interface, which is used to insert a new record. The example uses a stored procedure to insert records and returns the primary key of the inserted row. The stored procedure name is set in the InsertCommand property and is identified as a stored procedure by setting the InsertCommandType property to the StoredProcedure value.

Finally, after data is inserted by the DetailsView control into the database, the OnInserted event handler is called to handle the Inserted event, the value of the primary key of the inserted row is displayed, and the DataBind method of the GridView control is called explicitly to refresh the data.

<%@Page  Language="C#" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.Common" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.SqlClient" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
 private void On_Inserting(Object sender, SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs e) {

    SqlParameter insertedKey = new SqlParameter("@PK_New", SqlDbType.Int);
    insertedKey.Direction    = ParameterDirection.Output;        
    e.Command.Parameters.Add(insertedKey);
 }

 private void On_Inserted(Object sender, SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs e) {
    DbCommand command = e.Command;    
    
    // The label displays the primary key of the recently inserted row.
    Label1.Text = command.Parameters["@PK_New"].Value.ToString();
    
    // Force a refresh after the data is inserted.
    GridView1.DataBind();
 }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:GridView
        id="GridView1"
        runat="server"
        AutoGenerateColumns="False"
        DataKeyNames="EmployeeID"        
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
        <columns>          
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Title" DataField="Title" />
          <asp:ButtonField ButtonType="Link" CommandName="Select" Text="Details..." />
        </columns>
      </asp:GridView>

      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource1"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT EmployeeID,FirstName,LastName,Title FROM Employees">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <hr />

      <asp:DetailsView
        id="DetailsView1"
        runat="server"
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource2"
        AutoGenerateRows="False"
        AutoGenerateInsertButton="True">
        <fields>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Title">
            <ItemTemplate>
              <asp:DropDownList
                id="TitleDropDownList"
                runat="server"
                selectedvalue="<%# Bind('Title') %>" >
                <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Sales Representative</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Sales Manager</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Vice President, Sales</asp:ListItem>
              </asp:DropDownList>
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateField>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Notes" DataField="Notes" ReadOnly="False"/>
        </fields>
      </asp:DetailsView>


      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource2"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:MyNorthwind%>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM Employees"
        InsertCommandType = "StoredProcedure"
        InsertCommand="sp_insertemployee"        
        OnInserting="On_Inserting"
        OnInserted ="On_Inserted"
        FilterExpression="EmployeeID={0}">
        <FilterParameters>
          <asp:ControlParameter Name="EmployeeID" ControlId="GridView1" PropertyName="SelectedValue" />
        </FilterParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

<!-- 
     -- An example sp_insertemployee stored procedure that returns
     -- the primary key of the row that was inserted in an OUT parameter.
     CREATE PROCEDURE sp_insertemployee 
        @FirstName nvarchar(10), 
        @LastName nvarchar(20) , 
        @Title nvarchar(30), 
        @Notes nvarchar(200), 
        @PK_New int OUTPUT
      AS
        INSERT INTO Employees(FirstName,LastName,Title,Notes)VALUES (@FirstName,@LastName,@Title,@Notes)
        SELECT @PK_New = @@IDENTITY
        RETURN (1)    
      GO
-->      

      <asp:Label 
        id="Label1"
        runat="server" />
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

<%@Page  Language="VJ#" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.Common" %>
<%@Import Namespace="System.Data.SqlClient" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
    private void On_Inserting(Object sender, SqlDataSourceCommandEventArgs e)
    {
        // Add the Title parameter from the TemplatedField.
        // Cast the first Item of the DetailsView to a Table.
        Table tbl = (Table)DetailsView1.get_Controls().get_Item(0);

        // Get row two (the third row) from the rows collection.
        // This is the row that the DropDownList is in.
        TableRowCollection rows = tbl.get_Rows();
        TableRow titleRow = rows.get_Item(2);
        
        // Cast the second item in the controls collection of cell one as a 
        // DropDownList.
        DropDownList title = (DropDownList)titleRow.get_Cells().get_Item(1).
            get_Controls().get_Item(1);
        SqlParameter titleParam = new SqlParameter(
            "@Title", title.get_SelectedValue());

        e.get_Command().get_Parameters().Add(titleParam);
    } //On_Inserting

    private void On_Inserted(Object sender, SqlDataSourceStatusEventArgs e)
    {
        // Explicitly call DataBind to refresh the data
        // and show the newly inserted row.
        GridView1.DataBind();
    } //On_Inserted
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:GridView
        id="GridView1"
        runat="server"
        AutoGenerateColumns="False"
        DataKeyNames="EmployeeID"
        SelectedIndex="0"
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1">
        <Columns>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" />
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Title" DataField="Title" />
          <asp:ButtonField ButtonType="Link" CommandName="Select" Text="Details..." />
        </Columns>
      </asp:GridView>

      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource1"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Integrated Security=SSPI;Initial Catalog=Northwind;"
        SelectCommand="SELECT EmployeeID,FirstName,LastName,Title FROM Employees">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

      <hr />

      <asp:DetailsView
        id="DetailsView1"
        runat="server"
        DataSourceID="SqlDataSource2"
        AutoGenerateRows="False"
        AutoGenerateInsertButton="True">
        <Fields>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="First Name" DataField="FirstName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Last Name" DataField="LastName" ReadOnly="False"/>
          <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Title">
            <ItemTemplate>
              <asp:DropDownList
                runat="server">
                <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Sales Representative</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Sales Manager</asp:ListItem>
                <asp:ListItem>Vice President, Sales</asp:ListItem>
              </asp:DropDownList>
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateField>
          <asp:BoundField HeaderText="Notes" DataField="Notes" ReadOnly="False"/>
        </Fields>
      </asp:DetailsView>


      <asp:SqlDataSource
        id="SqlDataSource2"
        runat="server"
        ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Integrated Security=SSPI;Initial Catalog=Northwind;"
        SelectCommand="SELECT * FROM Employees"
        InsertCommand="INSERT INTO Employees(FirstName,LastName,Title,Notes)VALUES (@FirstName,@LastName,@Title,@Notes)"
        OnInserting="On_Inserting"
        OnInserted="On_Inserted"
        FilterExpression="EmployeeID=@EmployeeID">
        <FilterParameters>
          <asp:ControlParameter Name="EmployeeID" ControlId="GridView1" PropertyName="SelectedDataKey.Value"/>
        </FilterParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0
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