ObjectDataSource.DeleteMethod Property

 
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Gets or sets the name of the method or function that the ObjectDataSource control invokes to delete data.

Namespace:   System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

Public Property DeleteMethod As String

Property Value

Type: System.String

A string that represents the name of the method or function that the ObjectDataSource uses to delete data. The default is an empty string ("").

The business object is assumed to delete data one record at a time, rather than in a batch.

The DeleteMethod property delegates to the DeleteMethod property of the ObjectDataSourceView object that is associated with the ObjectDataSource control.

Make sure that the parameter names configured for the ObjectDataSource control in the DeleteParameters collection match the column names that are returned by the select method.

The method that is identified by the DeleteMethod property can be an instance method or a static (Shared in Visual Basic) method. If it is an instance method, the business object is created and destroyed each time the DeleteMethod property is called. You can handle the ObjectCreated and ObjectCreating events to work with the business object before the DeleteMethod property is called. You can also handle the ObjectDisposing event that is raised after the DeleteMethod property is called. If the business object implements the IDisposable interface, the Dispose method is called before the object is destroyed. If the method is a static (Shared in Visual Basic) method, the business object is never created and you cannot handle the ObjectCreated, ObjectCreating, and ObjectDisposing events.

Parameters are added to the DeleteParameters collection from three sources:

  • From the data-bound control, at run time.

  • From the DeleteParameters element, declaratively.

  • From the Deleting method, declaratively.

First, any parameters that are generated from data-bound controls are added to the DeleteParameters collection. For example, if the ObjectDataSource control is bound to a GridView control that has the columns Name and Number, parameters for Name and Number are added to the collection. The exact name of the parameter depends on the OldValuesParameterFormatString property. The data type of these parameters is string. Next, the parameters that are listed in the DeleteParameters element are added. If a parameter in the DeleteParameters element is found with the same name as a parameter that is already in the DeleteParameters collection, the existing parameter is modified to match the parameter that is specified in the DeleteParameters element. Typically, this is used to modify the type of the data in the parameter. Finally, you can programmatically add and remove parameters in the Deleting event, which occurs before the Delete method is run. The method is resolved after the parameters are merged. Method resolution is discussed in the next section.

When the Delete method is called, the data fields from the data-bound control, the parameters that were created declaratively in the DeleteParameters element, and the parameters that were added in the Deleting event handler are all merged. (For more information, see the preceding section.) The ObjectDataSource object then attempts to find a method to call. First, it looks for one or more methods with the name that is specified in the DeleteMethod property. If no match is found, an InvalidOperationException exception is thrown. If a match is found, it then looks for matching parameter names. For example, suppose the type that is specified by the TypeName property has two methods named DeleteARecord. One DeleteARecord has one parameter, ID, and the other DeleteARecord has two parameters, Name and Number. If the DeleteParameters collection has only one parameter named ID, the DeleteARecord method with just the ID parameter is called. The type of the parameter is not checked in resolving the methods. The order of the parameters does not matter.

If the DataObjectTypeName property is set, the method is resolved in a different way. The ObjectDataSource looks for a method with the name that is specified in the DeleteMethod property that takes one parameter of the type that is specified in the DataObjectTypeName property. In this case, the name of the parameter does not matter.

This section contains two code examples. The first code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource object with a business object and a GridView control to delete data. The second code example shows the EmployeeLogic class that is used in the first code example.

The following code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource control with a business object and a GridView control to delete data. Initially, the GridView control displays a set of all employees, using the method that is specified by the SelectMethod property to retrieve the data from the EmployeeLogic object. Because the AutoGenerateDeleteButton property is set to true, the GridView control automatically displays a Delete button.

If you click the Delete button, the delete operation is performed using the method that is specified by the DeleteMethod property and any parameters that are specified in the DeleteParameters collection. In this code example, some preprocessing and post-processing steps are also performed. The NorthwindEmployeeDeleting delegate is called to handle the Deleting event before the operation is performed, and the NorthwindEmployeeDeleted delegate is called to handle the Deleted event after the operation has completed to perform exception handling. In this example, if a NorthwindDataException is thrown, it is handled by the NorthwindDataException delegate.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Page language="vb" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
' Called before a Delete operation.
    Private Sub NorthwindEmployeeDeleting(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs)

        ' The GridView passes the ID of the employee
        ' to be deleted. However, the business object, EmployeeLogic,
        ' requires a NorthwindEmployee parameter, named "ne". Create
        ' it now and add it to the parameters collection.
        Dim paramsFromPage As IDictionary = e.InputParameters

        If Not paramsFromPage("EmpID") Is Nothing Then

            Dim ne As New NorthwindEmployee(paramsFromPage("EmpID").ToString())
            ' Remove the old EmpID parameter.
            paramsFromPage.Clear()
            paramsFromPage.Add("ne", ne)


        End If
    End Sub ' NorthwindEmployeeDeleting

    ' Called after a Delete operation.
    Private Sub NorthwindEmployeeDeleted(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs)
        ' Handle the Exception if it is a NorthwindDataException.
        If Not e.Exception Is Nothing Then

            ' Handle the specific exception type. The ObjectDataSource wraps
            ' any Exceptions in a TargetInvokationException wrapper, so
            ' check the InnerException property for the expected Exception types.
            If e.Exception.InnerException.GetType().Equals(GetType(NorthwindDataException)) Then

                Label1.Text = e.Exception.InnerException.Message
                ' Because the exception is handled, there is
                ' no reason to throw it.
                e.ExceptionHandled = True

            End If
        End If
    End Sub ' NorthwindEmployeeDeleted
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - VB Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1"
          autogeneratedeletebutton="true"
          autogeneratecolumns="false"
          datakeynames="EmpID">
          <columns>
            <asp:boundfield headertext="EmpID" datafield="EmpID" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="First Name" datafield="FirstName" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="Last Name" datafield="LastName" />
          </columns>
        </asp:gridview>

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          deletemethod="DeleteEmployee"
          ondeleting="NorthwindEmployeeDeleting"
          ondeleted="NorthwindEmployeeDeleted"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.VB.EmployeeLogic">
          <deleteparameters>
            <asp:parameter name="EmpID" type="Int32" />
          </deleteparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

        <asp:label id="Label1" runat="server" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

The following code example shows the EmployeeLogic class that is used in the preceding code example.

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Configuration
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB
'
' EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
' the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
Public Class EmployeeLogic

   ' Return a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
   Public Shared Function GetAllEmployees() As ICollection
      Dim al As New ArrayList()

      ' Use the SqlDataSource class to wrap the
      ' ADO.NET code required to query the database.
      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")
      Dim sds As New SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString, _
                                  "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees")
      Try
         Dim IDs As IEnumerable = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty)

         ' Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
         ' NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
         Dim enumerator As IEnumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator()
         While enumerator.MoveNext()
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Dim row As DataRowView = CType(enumerator.Current,DataRowView)
            Dim id As String = row("EmployeeID").ToString()
            Dim nwe As New NorthwindEmployee(id)
            ' Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
            al.Add(nwe)
         End While
      Finally
         ' If anything strange happens, clean up.
         sds.Dispose()
      End Try

      Return al
   End Function 'GetAllEmployees


   Public Shared Function GetEmployee(anID As Object) As NorthwindEmployee
      Return New NorthwindEmployee(anID)
   End Function 'GetEmployee


   Public Shared Sub DeleteEmployee(ne As NorthwindEmployee)
      Dim retval As Boolean = ne.Delete()
      If Not retval Then
         Throw New NorthwindDataException("Employee delete failed.")
      End If ' Delete the object in memory.
      ne = Nothing
   End Sub 'DeleteEmployee


   Public Shared Sub DeleteEmployeeByID(anID As Integer)
      Dim tempEmp As New NorthwindEmployee(anID)
      DeleteEmployee(tempEmp)
   End Sub 'DeleteEmployeeByID

End Class 'EmployeeLogic

Public Class NorthwindEmployee

   Public Sub New()
      ID = DBNull.Value
      aLastName = ""
      aFirstName = ""
   End Sub 'NewNew


   Public Sub New(anID As Object)
      Me.ID = anID
      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")
      Dim conn As New SqlConnection(cts.ConnectionString)
      Dim sc As New SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName " & _
                               " FROM Employees " & _
                               " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId", conn)
      ' Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(New SqlParameter("@empId", SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString())
      Dim sdr As SqlDataReader = Nothing

      Try
         conn.Open()
         sdr = sc.ExecuteReader()

         ' This is not a while loop. It only loops once.
         If Not (sdr Is Nothing) AndAlso sdr.Read() Then
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Me.aFirstName = sdr("FirstName").ToString()
            Me.aLastName = sdr("LastName").ToString()
         Else
            Throw New NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.")
         End If
      Finally
         Try
            If Not (sdr Is Nothing) Then
               sdr.Close()
            End If
            conn.Close()
         Catch se As SqlException
            ' Log an event in the Application Event Log.
            Throw
         End Try
      End Try
   End Sub 'NewNew

   Private ID As Object
   Public ReadOnly Property EmpID() As Object
      Get
         Return ID
      End Get
   End Property

   Private aLastName As String
   Public Property LastName() As String
      Get
         Return aLastName
      End Get
      Set
         aLastName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private aFirstName As String
   Public Property FirstName() As String
      Get
         Return aFirstName
      End Get
      Set
         aFirstName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Public Function Delete() As Boolean
      If ID.Equals(DBNull.Value) Then
         ' The Employee object is not persisted.
         Return True
      Else
         ' The Employee object is persisted.
         ' Use the SqlDataSource control as a convenient wrapper for
         ' the ADO.NET code needed to delete a record from the database.
         Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")
         Dim sds As New SqlDataSource()
         Try
            sds.ConnectionString = cts.ConnectionString
            sds.DeleteParameters.Add(New Parameter("empID", TypeCode.Int32, Me.ID.ToString()))
            sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM [Order Details] " & _
                "WHERE OrderID IN (SELECT OrderID FROM Orders WHERE EmployeeID=@empID)"
            sds.Delete()
            sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM Orders WHERE EmployeeID=@empID"
            sds.Delete()
            sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM EmployeeTerritories WHERE EmployeeID=@empID"
            sds.Delete()
            sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM Employees WHERE EmployeeID=@empID"
            sds.Delete()
            Return True
         Finally
            ' Clean up resources.
            sds.Dispose()
         End Try
      End If
   End Function 'Delete
End Class 'NorthwindEmployee

Public Class NorthwindDataException
   Inherits Exception

   Public Sub New(msg As String)
      MyBase.New(msg)
   End Sub 'NewNew

End Class 'NorthwindDataException
End Namespace

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
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