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ListView.DataKeyNames Property

Gets or sets an array that contains the names of the primary key fields for the items displayed in a ListView control.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web.Extensions (in System.Web.Extensions.dll)

[TypeConverterAttribute(typeof(StringArrayConverter))]
public virtual string[] DataKeyNames { get; set; }
<asp:ListView DataKeyNames="value" />

Property Value

Type: System.String[]
An array that contains the names of the primary key fields for the items displayed in a ListView control.

Use the DataKeyNames property to specify the field or fields that represent the primary key of the data source. To set this property declaratively, use a comma-separated list of field names.

When the DataKeyNames property is set, the ListView control automatically populates its DataKeys collection with the values from the specified field or fields. This provides a convenient way to access the primary keys of each item.

Security noteSecurity Note:

The ListView control stores key field values in the control-state field. If these values contain sensitive information, we recommend that you enable view-state encryption by setting the ViewStateEncryptionMode property to ViewStateEncryptionMode.Always.

You must set the DataKeyNames property for the automatic updating and deleting features of the ListView control to work. The values of these key fields are passed to the data source control in order to match the item to update or delete.

Fields that are specified as data keys by using the DataKeyNames property are passed to the data source control during update and delete operations by using the Keys collection. Data key fields are passed to the data source control even if they are not bound to controls in a template.

The following example shows how to use the DataKeyNames property to specify the key field of the data source.

<asp:ListView runat="server" 
  ID="EmployeesListView"
  OnItemCommand="EmployeesListView_OnItemCommand"
  DataSourceID="EmployeesDataSource" 
  DataKeyNames="EmployeeID">
  <LayoutTemplate>
    <table runat="server" id="tblEmployees" 
           cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1" width="440px" border="1">
      <tr id="itemPlaceholder" runat="server"></tr>
    </table>
    <asp:DataPager ID="EmployeesDataPager" runat="server" PageSize="10">
      <Fields>
        <asp:NumericPagerField />
      </Fields>
    </asp:DataPager>
  </LayoutTemplate>
  <ItemTemplate>
    <tr runat="server">
      <td>
        <asp:Label runat="server" ID="NameLabel" 
          Text='<%#Eval("LastName") + ", " + Eval("FirstName") %>' />
      </td>
      <td style="width:80px">
        <asp:LinkButton runat="server" 
          ID="SelectEmployeeButton" 
          Text="Add To List" 
          CommandName="AddToList" 
          CommandArgument='<%#Eval("LastName") + ", " + Eval("FirstName") %>' />
      </td>
    </tr>
  </ItemTemplate>
</asp:ListView>

<br /><br />
<b>Selected Employees:</b><br />
<asp:ListBox runat="server" ID="SelectedEmployeesListBox" Rows="10" Width="300px" />

<!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects      -->
<!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET    -->
<!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value       -->
<!-- from the Web.config file.                                -->       
<asp:SqlDataSource ID="EmployeesDataSource" runat="server" 
  ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
  SelectCommand="SELECT [EmployeeID], [FirstName], [LastName]
                 FROM HumanResources.vEmployee
                 ORDER BY [LastName], [FirstName], [EmployeeID]">
</asp:SqlDataSource>

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5
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