This documentation is archived and is not being maintained.

HierarchicalDataBoundControl.PerformDataBinding Method

When overridden in a derived class, binds data from the data source to the control.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

protected internal virtual void PerformDataBinding()

Implement this method instead of the DataBind method when you derive a data-bound control from the HierarchicalDataBoundControl class. Placing your control's data-binding logic in PerformDataBinding keeps the DataBinding and DataBound events from being raised in the wrong order.

While the base HierarchicalDataBoundControl class provides no specific implementation for this method, the PerformDataBinding method is called by the PerformSelect method to bind the values of any user interface controls to the data that is retrieved by the PerformSelect method.

The following code example demonstrates how to implement the PerformDataBinding method in a class derived from HierarchicalDataBoundControl. The GeneologyTree control iterates through the IHierarchicalEnumerable and IHierarchyData objects retrieved from its associated HierarchicalDataSourceView, and creates a text tree structure for the data it is bound to. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the HierarchicalDataBoundControl class.

protected override void PerformDataBinding() {

    // Do not attempt to bind data if there is no
    // data source set.
    if (!IsBoundUsingDataSourceID && (DataSource == null)) {

    HierarchicalDataSourceView view = GetData(RootNode.DataPath);

    if (view == null) {
        throw new InvalidOperationException
            ("No view returned by data source control.");

    IHierarchicalEnumerable enumerable = view.Select();
    if (enumerable != null) {


        try {
            RecurseDataBindInternal(RootNode, enumerable, 1);
        finally {

private void RecurseDataBindInternal(TreeNode node, 
    IHierarchicalEnumerable enumerable, int depth) {                                    

    foreach(object item in enumerable) {
        IHierarchyData data = enumerable.GetHierarchyData(item);

        if (null != data) {
            // Create an object that represents the bound data
            // to the control.
            TreeNode newNode = new TreeNode();
            RootViewNode rvnode = new RootViewNode();

            rvnode.Node = newNode;
            rvnode.Depth = depth;

            // The dataItem is not just a string, but potentially
            // an XML node or some other container. 
            // If DataTextField is set, use it to determine which 
            // field to render. Otherwise, use the first field.                    
            if (DataTextField.Length > 0) {
                newNode.Text = DataBinder.GetPropertyValue
                    (data, DataTextField, null);
            else {
                PropertyDescriptorCollection props = 

                // Set the "default" value of the node.
                newNode.Text = String.Empty;                        

                // Set the true data-bound value of the TextBox,
                // if possible.
                if (props.Count >= 1) {                        
                    if (null != props[0].GetValue(data)) {
                        newNode.Text = 


            if (data.HasChildren) {
                IHierarchicalEnumerable newEnumerable = 
                if (newEnumerable != null) {                            
                        newEnumerable, depth+1 );

            if ( _maxDepth < depth) _maxDepth = depth;


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.