GridViewSortEventArgs Class
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GridViewSortEventArgs Class

 

Provides data for the Sorting event.

Namespace:   System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs
      System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewSortEventArgs

public class GridViewSortEventArgs : CancelEventArgs

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodGridViewSortEventArgs(String, SortDirection)

Initializes a new instance of the GridViewSortEventArgs class.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubpropertyCancel

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the event should be canceled.(Inherited from CancelEventArgs.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertySortDirection

Gets or sets the direction in which to sort the GridView control.

System_CAPS_pubpropertySortExpression

Gets or sets the expression used to sort the items in the GridView control.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodFinalize()

Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodMemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

The GridView control raises the Sorting event when a Sort button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Sort") is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the sort operation. This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as canceling the sorting operation, whenever this event occurs.

System_CAPS_noteNote

Although any button within a GridView control with its CommandName property set to "Sort" will raise the Sorting event, Sort buttons typically appear in the header row of a GridView control.

A GridViewSortEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to specify or determine the sort expression and sort direction in which to sort the GridView control. To determine the sort expression, use the SortExpression property. To determine the sort direction, use the SortDirection property. You can also cancel a sorting operation by setting the Cancel property to true.

For more information about handling events, see NIB: Consuming Events.

For a list of initial property values for an instance of GridViewSortEventArgs, see the GridViewSelectEventArgs constructor.

The following example demonstrates how to use the GridViewSortEventArgs object passed to the event-handling method to cancel the sorting operation when the user attempts to sort the address column in a GridView control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomersGridView_Sorting(Object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
  {
    // Cancel the sorting operation if the user attempts
    // to sort by address.
    if (e.SortExpression == "Address")
    {
      e.Cancel = true;
      Message.Text = "You cannot sort by address.";
      SortInformationLabel.Text = "";
    }
    else
    {
      Message.Text = "";
    }
  }

  void CustomersGridView_Sorted(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Display the sort expression and sort direction.
    SortInformationLabel.Text = "Sorting by " +
      CustomersGridView.SortExpression.ToString() +
      " in " + CustomersGridView.SortDirection.ToString() +
      " order.";
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Sorting Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView Sorting Example</h3>

      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <br/>

      <asp:label id="SortInformationLabel"
        forecolor="Navy"
        runat="server"/>

      <br/>  

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        allowpaging="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowsorting="true"
        onsorting="CustomersGridView_Sorting"
        onsorted="CustomersGridView_Sorted"  
        runat="server">

      </asp:gridview>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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