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FormView.ItemInserting Event

Occurs when an Insert button within a FormView control is clicked, but before the insert operation.

Namespace: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public event FormViewInsertEventHandler ItemInserting
/** @event */
public void add_ItemInserting (FormViewInsertEventHandler value)

/** @event */
public void remove_ItemInserting (FormViewInsertEventHandler value)

In JScript, you can handle the events defined by a class, but you cannot define your own.
Not applicable.

The FormView control raises the ItemInserting event when an Insert button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Insert") within the control is clicked, but before the FormView control inserts the record. This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as HTML encoding the values of a record before inserting it in the data source, whenever this event occurs.

A FormViewInsertEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to determine the value of an optional command argument sent to the FormView control and to indicate that the insert operation should be canceled. The command argument value corresponds to the CommandArgument property of the Insert button. When the CommandArgument property of the Insert button is set, use the CommandArgument property to determine the value of the command argument. To cancel the insert operation, set the Cancel property to true. You can also read or modify the field values for the new record by using the Values property.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

The following example demonstrates how to use the ItemInserting event to cancel an insert operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void EmployeeFormView_ItemInserting(Object sender, FormViewInsertEventArgs e)
  {

    MessageLabel.Text = "";

    // Iterate through the items in the Values collection
    // and verify that the user entered a value for each 
    // text box displayed in the insert item template. Cancel
    // the insert operation if the user left a text box empty.
    foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in e.Values)
    {
      if (entry.Value.Equals(""))
      {
        // Use the Cancel property to cancel the 
        // insert operation.
        e.Cancel = true;

        MessageLabel.Text += "Please enter a value for the " +
          entry.Key.ToString() + " field.<br/>";

      }
    }
  }

  void EmployeeFormView_ModeChanged(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Clear the MessageLabel Label control when the FormView
    // control changes modes.
    MessageLabel.Text = "";
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewInsertEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewInsertEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        oniteminserting="EmployeeFormView_ItemInserting"
        onmodechanged="EmployeeFormView_ModeChanged"
        runat="server">

        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="5">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="NewButton"
                  text="New"
                  commandname="New"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <insertitemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoEditImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="InsertButton"
                  text="Insert"
                  commandname="Insert"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel"
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </insertitemtemplate> 
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        insertcommand="Insert Into [Employees] ([LastName], [FirstName], [Title]) VALUES (@LastName, @FirstName, @Title)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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