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DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler Delegate

Represents the method that handles the ItemUpdating event of a DetailsView control.

Namespace: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

'Declaration
Public Delegate Sub DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler ( _
	sender As Object, _
	e As DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs _
)
'Usage
Dim instance As New DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler(AddressOf HandlerMethod)
/** @delegate */
public delegate void DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler (
	Object sender, 
	DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs e
)
Not applicable.

Parameters

sender

The source of the event.

e

A DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs that contains the event data.

The DetailsView control raises the ItemUpdating event when an Update button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Update") within the control is clicked, but before the DetailsView control updates the record. This allows you to provide an event handler that performs a custom routine, such as HTML-encoding the values of a record before updating it in the data source, whenever this event occurs.

When you create a DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. For more information about event-handler delegates, see Events and Delegates.

The following code example demonstrates how to programmatically add a DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler delegate to the ItemUpdating event of a DetailsView control.


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
    
    ' Create a new DetailsView object.
    Dim customerDetailsView As New DetailsView()

    ' Set the DetailsView object's properties.
    customerDetailsView.ID = "CustomerDetailsView"
    customerDetailsView.DataSourceID = "DetailsViewSource"
    customerDetailsView.AutoGenerateRows = True
    customerDetailsView.AutoGenerateEditButton = True
    customerDetailsView.AllowPaging = True
    customerDetailsView.PagerSettings.Position = PagerPosition.Bottom

    Dim keyArray() As String = {"CustomerID"}
    customerDetailsView.DataKeyNames = keyArray
    
    ' Programmatically register the event-handling methods
    ' for the DetailsView control.
    AddHandler customerDetailsView.ItemUpdating, _
      AddressOf CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating
    AddHandler customerDetailsView.ModeChanging, _
      AddressOf CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging

    ' Add the DetailsView object to the Controls collection
    ' of the PlaceHolder control.
    DetailsViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(customerDetailsView)

  End Sub
  
  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs)

    ' Validate the field values entered by the user. This
    ' example determines whether the user left any fields
    ' empty. Use the NewValues property to access the new 
    ' values entered by the user.
    Dim emptyFieldList As ArrayList = _
      ValidateFields(CType(e.NewValues, IOrderedDictionary))

    If emptyFieldList.Count > 0 Then

      ' The user left some fields empty. Display an error message.
      
      ' Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
      Dim keyValue As String = e.Keys("CustomerID").ToString()

      MessageLabel.Text = _
        "You must enter a value for all fields of record " & _
        keyValue & ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>"

      ' Display the missing fields.
      Dim value As String
      For Each value In emptyFieldList
      
        ' Use the OldValues property access the original value
        ' of a field.
        MessageLabel.Text &= value & " - Original Value = " & _
          e.OldValues(value).ToString() & "<br />"
        
      Next

      ' Cancel the update operation.
      e.Cancel = True

    Else
    
      ' The field values passed validation. Clear the
      ' error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = ""
      
    End If

  End Sub

    Function ValidateFields(ByVal list As IOrderedDictionary) _
      As ArrayList
    
        ' Create an ArrayList object to store the
        ' names of any empty fields.
        Dim emptyFieldList As New ArrayList()

        ' Iterate though the field values entered by
        ' the user and check for an empty field. Empty
        ' fields contain a null value.
        Dim entry As DictionaryEntry
    
        For Each entry In list
    
            If entry.Value Is Nothing Then
      
                ' Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
                emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString())
        
            End If
        Next

        Return emptyFieldList
  
    End Function

  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DetailsViewModeEventArgs)
  
    If e.CancelingEdit Then
      
      ' The user canceled the update operation.
      ' Clear the error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = ""
    
    End If
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler Example</h3>
        
      <!-- Use a PlaceHolder control as the container for the -->
      <!-- dynamically generated DetailsView control.         -->       
      <asp:placeholder id="DetailsViewPlaceHolder"
        runat="server"/>
        
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
        connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
s    </form>
  </body>
</html>


The following code example demonstrates how to declaratively add a DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler delegate to the ItemUpdating event of a DetailsView control.


<%@ Page language="VB" autoeventwireup="false" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs) Handles CustomerDetailsView.ItemUpdating

    ' Validate the field values entered by the user. This
    ' example determines whether the user left any fields
    ' empty. Use the NewValues property to access the new 
    ' values entered by the user.
        Dim emptyFieldList As ArrayList = ValidateFields(CType(e.NewValues, IOrderedDictionary))

    If emptyFieldList.Count > 0 Then

      ' The user left some fields empty. Display an error message.
      
      ' Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
      Dim keyValue As String = e.Keys("CustomerID").ToString()

      MessageLabel.Text = "You must enter a value for all fields of record " & _
        keyValue & ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>"

      ' Display the missing fields.
      Dim value As String
      For Each value In emptyFieldList
      
        ' Use the OldValues property access the original value
        ' of a field.
        MessageLabel.Text &= value & " - Original Value = " & _
          e.OldValues(value).ToString() & "<br />"
        
      Next

      ' Cancel the update operation.
      e.Cancel = True

    Else
    
      ' The field values passed validation. Clear the
      ' error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = ""
      
    End If

  End Sub

    Function ValidateFields(ByVal list As IOrderedDictionary) As ArrayList
    
        ' Create an ArrayList object to store the
        ' names of any empty fields.
        Dim emptyFieldList As New ArrayList()

        ' Iterate though the field values entered by
        ' the user and check for an empty field. Empty
        ' fields contain a null value.
        Dim entry As DictionaryEntry
    
        For Each entry In list
    
            If entry.Value Is Nothing Then
      
                ' Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
                emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString())
        
            End If
        Next

        Return emptyFieldList
  
    End Function

  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DetailsViewModeEventArgs) Handles CustomerDetailsView.ModeChanging
  
    If e.CancelingEdit Then
      
      ' The user canceled the update operation.
      ' Clear the error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = ""
    
    End If
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
        datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
        autogeneraterows="true"
        autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="CustomerID" 
        runat="server">
          
        <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 
                  
      </asp:detailsview>
      
      <br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
        connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
          
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0
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