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Keys Property
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DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs.Keys Property

Gets a dictionary that contains the key field name/value pairs for the record to update.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public IOrderedDictionary Keys { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Collections.Specialized.IOrderedDictionary
An IOrderedDictionary that contains a dictionary of key field name/value pairs for the record to update.

Use the Keys property to access the values of the key fields for the record to update. For example, you can use these values to keep a log of updated records.

NoteNote

This property contains only the key fields. To access the updated and original non-key fields, use the NewValues and OldValues properties, respectively.

The Keys property returns an object that implements the IOrderedDictionary interface. The object contains DictionaryEntry objects that represent the fields of the record to update.

NoteNote

As a shortcut, you can also use the indexer of the IOrderedDictionary object to access the field values directly.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the Keys property to access the value of the key field for the record being updated.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    void CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating(Object sender, 
      DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {

        // Validate the field values entered by the user. This
        // example determines whether the user left any fields
        // empty. Use the NewValues property to access the new 
        // values entered by the user.
        ArrayList emptyFieldList = 
          ValidateFields((IOrderedDictionary)e.NewValues);

        if (emptyFieldList.Count > 0)
        {

            // The user left some fields empty. 
            // Display an error message.

            // Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
            String keyValue = e.Keys["CustomerID"].ToString();

            MessageLabel.Text = 
              "You must enter a value for all fields of record " +
              keyValue + ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>";

            // Display the missing fields.
            foreach (String value in emptyFieldList)
            {
                // Use the OldValues property access the original
                // value of a field.
                MessageLabel.Text += value + " - Original Value = " +
                  e.OldValues[value].ToString() + "<br />";
            }

            // Cancel the update operation.
            e.Cancel = true;

        }
        else
        {
            // The field values passed validation. Clear the
            // error message label.
            MessageLabel.Text = "";
        }

    }

    ArrayList ValidateFields(IOrderedDictionary list)
    {

        // Create an ArrayList object to store the
        // names of any empty fields.
        ArrayList emptyFieldList = new ArrayList();

        // Iterate though the field values entered by
        // the user and check for an empty field. Empty
        // fields contain a null value.
        foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in list)
        {
            if (entry.Value == null)
            {
                // Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
                emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString());
            }
        }

        return emptyFieldList;
    }

    void CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging(Object sender, 
      DetailsViewModeEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.CancelingEdit)
        {
            // The user canceled the update operation.
            // Clear the error message label.
            MessageLabel.Text = "";
        }
    }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</h3>

        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
          allowpaging="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID" 
          onitemupdating="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating"
          onmodechanging="CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging" 
          runat="server">

          <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 

        </asp:detailsview>

        <br/>

        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>

        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
            [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
          connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>

      </form>
  </body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0
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