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DataList.RepeatColumns Property

Gets or sets the number of columns to display in the DataList control.

[Visual Basic]
Public Overridable Property RepeatColumns As Integer
[C#]
public virtual int RepeatColumns {get; set;}
[C++]
public: __property virtual int get_RepeatColumns();
public: __property virtual void set_RepeatColumns(int);
[JScript]
public function get RepeatColumns() : int;
public function set RepeatColumns(int);

Property Value

The number of columns to display in the DataList control. The default value is 0, which indicates that the items in the DataList control are displayed in a single row or column, based on the value of the RepeatDirection property.

Exceptions

Exception Type Condition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException The specified number of columns is a negative value.

Remarks

Use this property to specify the number of columns that display items in the DataList control. For example, if you set this property to 5, the DataList control displays its items in five columns.

Note   If this property is set to 0, the DataList control displays its items in a single row or column, based on the value of the RepeatDirection property. If the RepeatDirection property is set to RepeatDirection.Horizontal, the items are displayed in a single row. If the RepeatDirection property is set to RepeatDirection.Vertical, the items are displayed in a single column.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#] The following example demonstrates how to use the RepeatColumns property to specify the number of columns to display in the DataList control.

[Visual Basic, C#] Note   The following code sample uses the single-file code model and may not work correctly if copied directly into a code-behind file. This code sample must be copied into an empty text file that has an .aspx extension. For more information on the Web Forms code model, see Web Forms Code Model.
[Visual Basic] 

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create sample data for the DataList control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         dim dr As DataRow
 
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("ImageValue", GetType(String)))
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 To 8 

            dr = dt.NewRow()
 
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Description for item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)
            dr(3) = "Image" & i.ToString() & ".jpg"
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next i
 
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then 
     
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsList.DataBind()
         
         End If

      End Sub
 
      Sub Button_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 
 
         ' Set the repeat direction based on the selected value of the
         ' DirectionList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatDirection = _
             CType(DirectionList.SelectedIndex, RepeatDirection)

         ' Set the repeat layout based on the selected value of the
         ' LayoutList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatLayout = CType(LayoutList.SelectedIndex, RepeatLayout)

         ' Set the number of columns to display based on the selected
         ' value of the ColumnsList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatColumns = ColumnsList.SelectedIndex

         ' Show or hide the gridlines based on the value of the
         ' ShowBorderCheckBox. Note that gridlines are displayed
         ' only if the RepeatLayout property is set to Table.
         If ShowBorderCheckBox.Checked _
             And ItemsList.RepeatLayout = RepeatLayout.Table Then 

            ItemsList.BorderWidth = Unit.Pixel(1)
            ItemsList.GridLines = GridLines.Both
         
         Else  
    
            ItemsList.BorderWidth = Unit.Pixel(0)
            ItemsList.GridLines = GridLines.None
         
         End If
    
      End Sub    
 
   </script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataList Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="5"
           CellSpacing="5"
           RepeatDirection="Vertical"
           RepeatLayout="Table"
           RepeatColumns="0"
           ShowBorder="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="Gainsboro">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            List of items

         </HeaderTemplate>
               
         <ItemTemplate>

            Description: <br>
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br>

            Price: <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "CurrencyValue", "{0:c}") %>

            <br>

            <asp:Image id="ProductImage"
                 ImageUrl='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ImageValue") %>'
                 runat="server"/>

         </ItemTemplate>
 
      </asp:DataList>
 
      <hr>

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Repeat direction:

            <td>

            <td>

               Repeat layout:

            <td>

            <td>

               Repeat columns:

            <td>

            <td>

               <asp:CheckBox id="ShowBorderCheckBox"
                    Text="Show border"
                    Checked="False" 
                    runat="server" />

            <td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="DirectionList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem>Horizontal</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Vertical</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            <td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="LayoutList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Table</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>Flow</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            <td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ColumnsList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">0</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>1</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>2</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>3</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>4</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>5</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            <td>

            <td>

               &nbsp;

            <td>


         </tr>

      </table>     
         
      <asp:LinkButton id="RefreshButton" 
           Text="Refresh DataList" 
           OnClick="Button_Click" 
           runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


[C#] 

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataList control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(String)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ImageValue", typeof(String)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Description for item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
            dr[3] = "Image" + i.ToString() + ".jpg";
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      }
 
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsList.DataBind();
         }

      }
 
      void Button_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
 
         // Set the repeat direction based on the selected value of the
         // DirectionList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatDirection = 
             (RepeatDirection)DirectionList.SelectedIndex;

         // Set the repeat layout based on the selected value of the
         // LayoutList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatLayout = (RepeatLayout)LayoutList.SelectedIndex;

         // Set the number of columns to display based on the selected
         // value of the ColumnsList DropDownList control.
         ItemsList.RepeatColumns = ColumnsList.SelectedIndex;

         // Show or hide the gridlines based on the value of the
         // ShowBorderCheckBox property. Note that gridlines are displayed
         // only if the RepeatLayout property is set to Table.
         if ((ShowBorderCheckBox.Checked) 
             && (ItemsList.RepeatLayout == RepeatLayout.Table)) 
         {
            ItemsList.BorderWidth = Unit.Pixel(1);
            ItemsList.GridLines = GridLines.Both;
         }    
         else  
         {
            ItemsList.BorderWidth = Unit.Pixel(0);
            ItemsList.GridLines = GridLines.None;
         }
    
      }    
 
   </script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataList Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="5"
           CellSpacing="5"
           RepeatDirection="Vertical"
           RepeatLayout="Table"
           RepeatColumns="0"
           ShowBorder="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="Gainsboro">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            List of items

         </HeaderTemplate>
               
         <ItemTemplate>

            Description: <br>
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br>

            Price: <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "CurrencyValue", "{0:c}") %>

            <br>

            <asp:Image id="ProductImage"
                 ImageUrl='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ImageValue") %>'
                 runat="server"/>

         </ItemTemplate>
 
      </asp:DataList>
 
      <hr>

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Repeat direction:

            <td>

            <td>

               Repeat layout:

            <td>

            <td>

               Repeat columns:

            <td>

            <td>

               <asp:CheckBox id="ShowBorderCheckBox"
                    Text="Show border"
                    Checked="False" 
                    runat="server" />

            <td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="DirectionList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem>Horizontal</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Vertical</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            <td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="LayoutList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">Table</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>Flow</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            <td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ColumnsList" 
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True">0</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>1</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>2</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>3</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>4</asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem>5</asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            <td>

            <td>

               &nbsp;

            <td>


         </tr>

      </table>     
         
      <asp:LinkButton id="RefreshButton" 
           Text="Refresh DataList" 
           OnClick="Button_Click" 
           runat="server"/>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

[C++, JScript] No example is available for C++ or JScript. To view a Visual Basic or C# example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 2000, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

See Also

DataList Class | DataList Members | System.Web.UI.WebControls Namespace | RepeatDirection | RepeatLayout

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