DataGridColumnCollection.Count Property

 

Gets the number of columns in the DataGridColumnCollection collection.

Namespace:   System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

[BrowsableAttribute(false)]
public int Count { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Int32

The number of columns in the DataGridColumnCollection.

Use this property to determine the number of columns in the DataGridColumnCollection collection. The Count property is commonly used when iterating through the collection to determine the upper bound of the collection.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the Count property to determine the upper bound of the DataGridColumnCollection collection. This value is then used to iterate though the collection.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<script language="C#" runat="server">

   DataTable Cart = new DataTable();
   DataView CartView;   

   void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
   {
      DataRow dr;

      if (Session["ShoppingCart"] == null) 
      {       

         Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Qty", typeof(String)));
         Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", typeof(String)));
         Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", typeof(String)));
         Session["ShoppingCart"] = Cart;

         // Create sample data.
         for (int i = 1; i <= 4; i++) 
         {
            dr = Cart.NewRow();
            if (i % 2 != 0)
               dr[0] = "2";
            else
               dr[0] = "1";
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = (1.23 * (i + 1)).ToString();
            Cart.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
      }
      else
         Cart = (DataTable)Session["ShoppingCart"];          

      CartView = new DataView(Cart);
      CartView.Sort="Item";

      if (!IsPostBack)
         BindGrid(); 

   }

   void MyDataGrid_Edit(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
   {
      MyDataGrid.EditItemIndex = e.Item.ItemIndex;
      BindGrid();
   }

   void MyDataGrid_Cancel(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
   {
      MyDataGrid.EditItemIndex = -1;
      BindGrid();
   }

   void MyDataGrid_Update(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
   {
      // For bound columns, the edited value is stored in a TextBox.
      // The TextBox is the 0th element in the column's cell.
      TextBox qtyText = (TextBox)e.Item.Cells[2].Controls[0];
      TextBox priceText = (TextBox)e.Item.Cells[3].Controls[0];

      String item = e.Item.Cells[1].Text;
      String qty = qtyText.Text;
      String price = priceText.Text;

      DataRow dr;

      // With a database, use an update command to update the data. Because 
      // the data source in this example is an in-memory DataTable, delete the 
      // old row and replace it with a new one.

      // Remove old entry.
      CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" + item + "'";
      if (CartView.Count > 0)
         CartView.Delete(0);
      CartView.RowFilter = "";

      // Add new entry.
      dr = Cart.NewRow();
      dr[0] = qty;
      dr[1] = item;
      dr[2] = price;
      Cart.Rows.Add(dr);

      MyDataGrid.EditItemIndex = -1;
      BindGrid();
   }

   void Button_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
   {      
      Label1.Text = "Header Text for each column: <br />";

      for (int i = 0; i < MyDataGrid.Columns.Count; i++)
      {
         Label1.Text += "<br />" + MyDataGrid.Columns[i].HeaderText;
      }
   }

   void BindGrid() 
   {
      MyDataGrid.DataSource = CartView;
      MyDataGrid.DataBind();
   }

</script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body style="font: 10pt verdana">

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <asp:DataGrid id="MyDataGrid" runat="server"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           Font-Names="Verdana"
           Font-Size="8pt"
           HeaderStyle-BackColor="#aaaadd"
           OnEditCommand="MyDataGrid_Edit"
           OnCancelCommand="MyDataGrid_Cancel"
           OnUpdateCommand="MyDataGrid_Update"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false">

         <Columns>

            <asp:EditCommandColumn
                 EditText="Edit"
                 CancelText="Cancel"
                 UpdateText="Update"
                 ItemStyle-Wrap="false"
                 HeaderText="Edit Command Column"
                 HeaderStyle-Wrap="false"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Item" 
                 ReadOnly="true" 
                 DataField="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Quantity" 
                 DataField="Qty"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Price" 
                 DataField="Price"/>

         </Columns>

      </asp:DataGrid>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Display Header Text for Columns"
           OnClick="Button_Click"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Label1"
           runat="server"/>      

   </form>

</body>
</html>

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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