IStateFormatter Interface

 

Defines methods that a type implements to serialize and deserialize an object graph.

Namespace:   System.Web.UI
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

Public Interface IStateFormatter

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodDeserialize(String)

Deserializes an object state graph from its serialized string form.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSerialize(Object)

Serializes ASP.NET Web server control state to string form.

The IStateFormatter interface defines methods that a type can implement to serialize and deserialize the state that an ASP.NET Web server control maintains in its ViewState property. This infrastructure is used by classes that derive from the PageStatePersister class to maintain an ASP.NET page's state between requests. By default, ASP.NET page state is serialized and deserialized by an instance of the ObjectStateFormatter class; however, site and adapter developers can implement the IStateFormatter interface on their own types to perform this work.

For more information about Web server control state management and view state, see ASP.NET State Management Overview and Dynamic Web Server Controls and View State.

The following code example demonstrates how to create a PageStatePersister object that saves view and control state to a stream on the Web server. The StreamPageStatePersister class demonstrates how to override the Load and Save methods to extract and save page state information. These methods use the IStateFormatter interface inherited from the PageStatePersister class to serialize and deserialize view state. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the PageStatePersister class.

Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Permissions
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.UI

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB

    ' The StreamPageStatePersister is an example view state
    ' persistence mechanism that persists view and control
    ' state on the Web server.
    '
    <AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Level:=AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)> _
    Public Class StreamPageStatePersister
        Inherits PageStatePersister


        Public Sub New(ByVal page As Page)
            MyBase.New(page)
        End Sub 'NewNew

        '
        ' Load ViewState and ControlState.
        '
        Public Overrides Sub Load()

            Dim stateStream As Stream
            stateStream = GetSecureStream()

            ' Read the state string, using the StateFormatter.
            Dim reader As New StreamReader(stateStream)

            Dim serializedStatePair As String
            serializedStatePair = reader.ReadToEnd
            Dim statePair As Pair

            Dim formatter As IStateFormatter
            formatter = Me.StateFormatter

            ' Deserilize returns the Pair object that is serialized in
            ' the Save method.      
            statePair = CType(formatter.Deserialize(serializedStatePair), Pair)

            ViewState = statePair.First
            ControlState = statePair.Second
            reader.Close()
            stateStream.Close()
        End Sub ' Load

        '
        ' Persist any ViewState and ControlState.
        '
        Public Overrides Sub Save()

            If Not (ViewState Is Nothing) OrElse Not (ControlState Is Nothing) Then
                If Not (Page.Session Is Nothing) Then

                    Dim stateStream As Stream
                    stateStream = GetSecureStream()

                    ' Write a state string, using the StateFormatter.
                    Dim writer As New StreamWriter(stateStream)

                    Dim formatter As IStateFormatter
                    formatter = Me.StateFormatter

                    Dim statePair As New Pair(ViewState, ControlState)

                    Dim serializedState As String
                    serializedState = formatter.Serialize(statePair)

                    writer.Write(serializedState)
                    writer.Close()
                    stateStream.Close()
                Else
                    Throw New InvalidOperationException("Session needed for StreamPageStatePersister.")
                End If
            End If
        End Sub 'Save
        ' Return a secure Stream for your environment.
        Private Function GetSecureStream() As Stream
            ' You must provide the implementation to build
            ' a secure Stream for your environment.
            Return Nothing
        End Function
    End Class
End Namespace

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
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