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HttpSessionState.Add Method

Adds a new item to the session-state collection.

Namespace:  System.Web.SessionState
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

'Declaration
Public Sub Add ( _
	name As String, _
	value As Object _
)

Parameters

name
Type: System.String
The name of the item to add to the session-state collection.
value
Type: System.Object
The value of the item to add to the session-state collection.

If the name parameter refers to an existing session state item, the existing item is overwritten with the specified value.

The following example shows how to store values in session state by using the Add method. It also shows how to remove values in session state by using the Remove method. A Repeater control is used to display the contents session state on the Web page. The GetEnumerator method is used to iterate through the session-state collection and populate the Repeater control.

Security noteSecurity Note

This example has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.


<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

    Protected Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)

        ' If both name and value are specified
        ' use the Add method to add the item to session-state.
        If (Not String.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox1.Text) And _
            Not String.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox2.Text)) Then

            Dim itemName As String = Server.HtmlEncode(TextBox1.Text)
            Dim itemValue As String = Server.HtmlEncode(TextBox2.Text)
            Session.Add(itemName, itemValue)
            ' Refresh the Repeater control.
            RefreshRepeater()

        End If        
    End Sub

    Protected Sub RefreshRepeater()

        ' Use the GetEnumerator method to 
        ' iterate through the session-state.
        Dim values As ArrayList = New ArrayList()
        Dim ie As System.Collections.IEnumerator = Session.GetEnumerator()
        Dim currentSessionItemName As String
        While (ie.MoveNext())

            currentSessionItemName = CType(ie.Current, String)
            values.Add(New SessionDataDisplay(currentSessionItemName, _
                Session(currentSessionItemName).ToString()))
        End While
        ' Bind values ArrayList to Repeater control.
        Repeater1.DataSource = values
        Repeater1.DataBind()

    End Sub

    Public Class SessionDataDisplay

        Private _name As String
        Private _value As String

        Public Sub New(ByVal name As String, ByVal value As String)

            Me._name = name
            Me._value = value

        End Sub
        Public ReadOnly Property Name() As String
            Get
                Return _name
            End Get
        End Property

        Public ReadOnly Property Value() As String
            Get
                Return _value
            End Get
        End Property

    End Class

    Protected Sub Repeater1_ItemCommand(ByVal source As Object, _
           ByVal e As System.Web.UI.WebControls.RepeaterCommandEventArgs)

        ' Determine which item to remove and
        ' use the Remove method to remove it.
        Dim itemToRemove As RepeaterItem = e.Item
        Dim sessionItemToRemove As String = _
            CType(itemToRemove.FindControl("Label1"), Label).Text
        Session.Remove(sessionItemToRemove)
        ' Refresh the Repeater control.
        RefreshRepeater()
    End Sub
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>HttpSessionState Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" 
          runat="server" 
          defaultbutton="Button1" 
          defaultfocus="TextBox1">
    <div>
        Name
        <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox1"
                     runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
        <br />
        Value
        <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox2" 
                     runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
        <asp:Button ID="Button1" 
                    runat="server" 
                    OnClick="Button1_Click" 
                    Text="Add" />
        <br />
        <asp:Repeater ID="Repeater1" runat="server" OnItemCommand="Repeater1_ItemCommand">
          <ItemTemplate>
             <br />
                SessionState Item Name:  
                <asp:Label ID="Label1" 
                           runat="server" 
                           Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Name") %>'/>,
                SessionState Item Value: 
                <asp:Label ID="Label2" 
                           runat="server" 
                           Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Value") %>'/>
                <asp:Button ID="RemoveItem" 
                            Text="Remove" 
                            runat="server" />
          </ItemTemplate>
        </asp:Repeater>

    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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