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Roles.GetUsersInRole Method

Gets a list of users in the specified role.

Namespace: System.Web.Security
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public static string[] GetUsersInRole (
	string roleName
)
public static String[] GetUsersInRole (
	String roleName
)
public static function GetUsersInRole (
	roleName : String
) : String[]
Not applicable.

Parameters

roleName

The role to get the list of users for.

Return Value

A string array containing the names of all the users who are members of the specified role.

Exception typeCondition

System.ArgumentNullException

roleName is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

System.ArgumentException

roleName is an empty string or contains a comma (,).

System.Configuration.Provider.ProviderException

Role management is not enabled.

The GetUsersInRole method calls the GetUsersInRole method of the default role provider to retrieve the user names associated with a role from the data source. Only the roles for the application that is specified in the ApplicationName property are retrieved.

The following code example uses the GetUsersInRole method to get a list of the users in a particular role and binds the results to a GridView control. For an example of a Web.config file that enables role management, see Roles.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.UI" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  string[] rolesArray;
  MembershipUserCollection users;
  string[] usersInRole;

  public void Page_Load()
  {
    Msg.Text = "";

    if (!IsPostBack)
    {
      // Bind roles to ListBox.

      rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles();
      RolesListBox.DataSource = rolesArray;
      RolesListBox.DataBind();

      // Bind users to ListBox.

      users = Membership.GetAllUsers();
      UsersListBox.DataSource = users;
      UsersListBox.DataBind();
    }

    if (RolesListBox.SelectedItem != null)
    {
      // Show users in role. Bind user list to GridView.

      usersInRole = Roles.GetUsersInRole(RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataSource = usersInRole;
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataBind();
    }
  }


  public void AddUsers_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
  {
    // Verify that a role is selected.

    if (RolesListBox.SelectedItem == null)
    {
      Msg.Text = "Please select a role.";
      return;
    }


    // Verify that at least one user is selected.

    if (UsersListBox.SelectedItem == null)
    {
      Msg.Text = "Please select one or more users.";
      return;
    }


    // Create list of users to be added to the selected role.

    string[] newusers = new string[UsersListBox.GetSelectedIndices().Length];

    for (int i = 0; i < newusers.Length; i++)
    {
      newusers[i] = UsersListBox.Items[UsersListBox.GetSelectedIndices()[i]].Value;
    }


    // Add the users to the selected role.

    try
    {
      Roles.AddUsersToRole(newusers, RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value);

      // Re-bind users in role to GridView.

      usersInRole = Roles.GetUsersInRole(RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataSource = usersInRole;
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataBind();
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
      Msg.Text = e.Message;
    }
  }


  public void UsersInRoleGrid_RemoveFromRole(object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs args)
  {
    // Get the selected user name to remove.

    int index = Convert.ToInt32(args.CommandArgument);

    string username = ((DataBoundLiteralControl)UsersInRoleGrid.Rows[index].Cells[0].Controls[0]).Text;


    // Remove the user from the selected role.

    try
    {
      Roles.RemoveUserFromRole(username, RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
      Msg.Text = "An exception of type " + e.GetType().ToString() +
                 " was encountered removing the user from the role.";
    }


    // Re-bind users in role to GridView.

    usersInRole = Roles.GetUsersInRole(RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
    UsersInRoleGrid.DataSource = usersInRole;
    UsersInRoleGrid.DataBind();
  }



</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
  <title>Sample: Role Membership</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form runat="server" id="PageForm">
    <h3>
      Role Membership</h3>
    <asp:Label ID="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />
    <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
      <tr>
        <td valign="top">
          Roles:</td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:ListBox ID="RolesListBox" runat="server" Rows="8" AutoPostBack="true" /></td>
        <td valign="top">
          Users:</td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:ListBox ID="UsersListBox" DataTextField="Username" Rows="8" SelectionMode="Multiple"
            runat="server" /></td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:Button Text="Add User(s) to Role" ID="AddUsersButton" runat="server" OnClick="AddUsers_OnClick" /></td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td valign="top">
          Users In Role:</td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="4" ID="UsersInRoleGrid" AutoGenerateColumns="false"
            GridLines="None" CellSpacing="0" OnRowCommand="UsersInRoleGrid_RemoveFromRole">
            <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
            <Columns>
              <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="User Name" >
                <ItemTemplate>
                  <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
                </ItemTemplate>
              </asp:TemplateField>
              <asp:ButtonField Text="Remove From Role" ButtonType="Link" />
            </Columns>
          </asp:GridView>
        </td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </form>
</body>
</html>

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0
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