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Roles.CreateRole Method

Adds a new role to the data source.

Namespace:  System.Web.Security
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public static void CreateRole(
	string roleName
)

Parameters

roleName
Type: System.String

The name of the role to create.

ExceptionCondition
System.ArgumentNullException

roleName is null.

System.ArgumentException

roleName is an empty string.

-or-

roleName contains a comma.

System.Configuration.Provider.ProviderException

Role management is not enabled.

The CreateRole method adds a role name to the data source. CreateRole calls the CreateRole method of the default role provider to add the specified role to the data source.

NoteNote:

Role names cannot contain commas.

The following code example creates a new role in the data source. For an example of a Web.config file that enables role management, see Roles.

Security noteSecurity Note:

This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

string[] rolesArray;

public void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    // Bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles();
    RolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray;
    RolesGrid.DataBind();
  }
}

public void CreateRole_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  string createRole = RoleTextBox.Text;

  try
  {
    if (Roles.RoleExists(createRole))
    {
      Msg.Text = "Role '" + Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) + "' already exists. Please specify a different role name.";
      return;
    }

    Roles.CreateRole(createRole);

    Msg.Text = "Role '" + Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) + "' created.";

    // Re-bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles();
    RolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray;
    RolesGrid.DataBind();
  }
  catch (Exception e)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Role '" + Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) + "' <u>not</u> created.";
    Response.Write(e.ToString());
  }

}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Create Role</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">
  <h3>Create a Role</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  Role name: 

  <asp:TextBox id="RoleTextBox" runat="server" />

  <asp:Button Text="Create Role" id="CreateRoleButton"
              runat="server" OnClick="CreateRole_OnClick" />

  <br />

  <asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="2" id="RolesGrid" 
                Gridlines="Both" CellSpacing="2" AutoGenerateColumns="false" >
    <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
    <Columns>
      <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Roles" >
        <ItemTemplate>
          <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
        </ItemTemplate>
      </asp:TemplateField>
    </Columns>
   </asp:GridView>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0
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