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Membership.GetNumberOfUsersOnline Method

Gets the number of users currently accessing an application.

Namespace:  System.Web.Security
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

'Declaration
Public Shared Function GetNumberOfUsersOnline As Integer

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The number of users currently accessing an application.

GetNumberOfUsersOnline returns the number of users for the current ApplicationName where the last-activity date is greater than the current time less the UserIsOnlineTimeWindow. The last-activity date/time stamp is updated to the current date and time when user credentials are validated by way of the ValidateUser or UpdateUser method or when a call to a GetUser overload that takes no parameters or one that uses the userIsOnline parameter to specify that the date/time stamp should be updated.

The following code example returns a list of users with a count of the number of users currently online.


<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Dim pageSize As Integer = 5
Dim totalUsers As Integer
Dim totalPages As Integer
    Dim currentPage As Integer = 1

Public Sub Page_Load()
  If Not IsPostBack Then
    GetUsers()
  End If
End Sub

Private Sub GetUsers()
  UsersOnlineLabel.Text = Membership.GetNumberOfUsersOnline().ToString()

  UserGrid.DataSource = Membership.GetAllUsers(currentPage-1, pageSize, totalUsers)
  totalPages = ((totalUsers - 1) \ pageSize) + 1

  ' Ensure that we do not navigate past the last page of users.

  If currentPage > totalPages Then
    currentPage = totalPages
    GetUsers()
    Return
  End If

  UserGrid.DataBind()
  CurrentPageLabel.Text = currentPage.ToString()
  TotalPagesLabel.Text = totalPages.ToString()

  If currentPage = totalPages Then
    NextButton.Visible = False
  Else
    NextButton.Visible = True
  End If

  If currentPage = 1 Then
    PreviousButton.Visible = False
  Else
    PreviousButton.Visible = True
  End If

  If totalUsers <= 0 Then
    NavigationPanel.Visible = False
  Else
    NavigationPanel.Visible = True
  End If
End SUb

Public Sub NextButton_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text)
  currentPage += 1
  GetUsers()
End Sub

Public Sub PreviousButton_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text)
  currentPage -= 1
  GetUsers()
End Sub

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Find Users</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>User List</h3>

  Number of Users Online: <asp:Label id="UsersOnlineLabel" runat="Server" /><br />

  <asp:Panel id="NavigationPanel" Visible="false" runat="server">
    <table border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="3">
      <tr>
        <td style="width:100">Page <asp:Label id="CurrentPageLabel" runat="server" />
            of <asp:Label id="TotalPagesLabel" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="PreviousButton" Text="< Prev"
                            OnClick="PreviousButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="NextButton" Text="Next >"
                            OnClick="NextButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </asp:Panel>

  <asp:DataGrid id="UserGrid" runat="server"
                CellPadding="2" CellSpacing="1"
                Gridlines="Both">
    <HeaderStyle BackColor="darkblue" ForeColor="white" />
  </asp:DataGrid>

</form>

</body>
</html>


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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